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Photo: Tara Baugher, Penn State
Fruit Disorders: Prevention of Scarf Skin on Apple Fruit - Articles Articles

Fruit Disorders: Prevention of Scarf Skin on Apple Fruit

James Schupp, Ph.D., Melanie Schupp, Edwin Winzeler, Tara Baugher, Daniel Weber, Donald Seifrit

Scarf skin is a physiological disorder of apple fruit that causes a dull gray cloudy or waxy appearance on the surface of the peel (epidermis) where it is most readily observed on varieties with a red or dark red background. More
Buckeye Gala/M. 9. Photo: Tara Baugher, Penn State
Apple PGRs - Shifting Harvest Window of Gala a Risk in Warmer Climates - Articles Articles

Apple PGRs - Shifting Harvest Window of Gala a Risk in Warmer Climates

James Schupp, Ph.D., Edwin Winzeler, Lynn Kime

Researchers in cooler regions have recommended the 2-pouch rate of ReTain be used to delay harvest by up to six weeks, but this was not possible in Southcentral PA in 2016. More
Tree Fruit Bloom Stages - Pear
Tree Fruit Bloom Stages - Pear - Articles Articles

Tree Fruit Bloom Stages - Pear

Tara Baugher, Edwin Winzeler

Stages of pear fruit bud development. More
Tree Fruit Bloom Stages - Peach
Tree Fruit Bloom Stages - Peach - Articles Articles

Tree Fruit Bloom Stages - Peach

Tara Baugher, Edwin Winzeler

Stages of peach fruit bud development. More
Tree Fruit Bloom Stages - Apple
Tree Fruit Bloom Stages - Apple - Articles Articles

Tree Fruit Bloom Stages - Apple

Tara Baugher, Edwin Winzeler

Stages of apple fruit bud development. More
Malting Barley in Pennsylvania
Malting Barley in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Malting Barley in Pennsylvania

Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Austin Kirt, Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

Demand for locally sourced malted barley, for local craft beer, has led to the development of malt houses in PA and other states in our region. More
Photo courtesy of PA Cider Guild.
Using Mid-Atlantic Processing Fruit in Hard Cider Production - Articles Articles
Exploring the potential for using Mid-Atlantic processing apple varieties in hard cider production. More
Annuals will provide continuous blooms throughout the growing season.
Plant Life Cycles - Articles Articles

Plant Life Cycles

Kathy Kelley, Ph.D., Phyllis Lamont

Plants are classified by the number of growing seasons required to complete their life cycle. Generally, these groups are annuals, biennials, and perennials. More
Nomenclature
Nomenclature - Articles Articles

Nomenclature

Kathy Kelley, Ph.D., Phyllis Lamont

Plants may be known by different common names, and one name may refer to various plants within several species. Use the scientific or botanical name to properly identify plant material. More
Pruning Herbaceous Plants
Pruning Herbaceous Plants - Articles Articles

Pruning Herbaceous Plants

Kathy Kelley, Ph.D., Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., Phyllis Lamont

A certain amount of maintenance is needed to keep a garden looking its best. This minimal effort may mean the difference between a garden that is mediocre and one that evokes many compliments. More
How to Pasteurize Medium and Sterilize Containers and Tools
How to Pasteurize Medium and Sterilize Containers and Tools - Articles Articles

How to Pasteurize Medium and Sterilize Containers and Tools

Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., Kathy Kelley, Ph.D., Phyllis Lamont

To increase the survival rate for seedlings during germination, containers and tools should be sterilized and pasteurized or sterile soilless mixes should be used as growing medium. More
Transplanting Annuals into the Garden
Transplanting Annuals into the Garden - Articles Articles

Transplanting Annuals into the Garden

Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., Kathy Kelley, Ph.D., Phyllis Lamont

When seedlings grow their first pair of identifiable true leaves, they are ready for transplanting. More
Supporting Herbaceous Plants in a Flower Garden
Supporting Herbaceous Plants in a Flower Garden - Articles Articles

Supporting Herbaceous Plants in a Flower Garden

Jim Sellmer, Ph.D., Kathy Kelley, Ph.D., Phyllis Lamont

Some plant varieties that are compact, with strong stems do not require support to hold them upright, however, plants with heavy flowers or tall stems will require some assistance. More