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Photo: Steve Williams, Penn State
Margins and Cash Flow Impacted Herds Differently - Articles Articles

Margins and Cash Flow Impacted Herds Differently

Virginia A. Ishler, Timothy Beck

Good decisions can only be made when a farm’s breakeven margin is known and monitored. More
Small Ruminant Housing: Proper Airflow is Important
Small Ruminant Housing: Proper Airflow is Important - Articles Articles
When winter and cold weather arrive goats and sheep spend more time indoors. With this change in management comes needed attention to airflow and adequate ventilation of animal housing. More
Modern poultry barns often have two, and sometimes three, sets of fresh air ventilation inlets that are specialized for conditions ranging from cold, to mild and hot weather. [image source: Eileen Fabian]
Key Aspects of Inlets for Mechanical Ventilation of Poultry Housing - Articles Articles

Key Aspects of Inlets for Mechanical Ventilation of Poultry Housing

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D., Gino Lorenzoni

Inlets are perhaps the most important part of the ventilation system for maintaining uniformly comfortable and healthy conditions around the poultry house. More
Man Businessman Tablet by mediamodifier on pixabay.com cc0
Simplify Your Financial Records Process - Articles Articles

Simplify Your Financial Records Process

Robert C. Goodling, Jr.

There is great potential in using software to help manage and decipher a business’ financial data. There are key concepts agricultural businesses can consider to simplify the process. More
Paddock with Run-in shed
Horse Farm Design: An Agricultural Engineering Approach - Articles Articles

Horse Farm Design: An Agricultural Engineering Approach

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

Research-based information for the planning and construction of well-designed equestrian facilities. More
Corn field, photo by Elizabeth Hines
Mycotoxins and Their Effect on Poultry and Swine Production - Articles Articles
Feed grains contaminated by mycotoxins hurt feed quality and are detrimental to production in poultry and swine. Some key mycotoxins can induce differential impacts on poultry and swine production performance. More
"Fall Inspirations" by Erin Goodling
Dairy Outlook: November 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: November 2018

Robert C. Goodling, Jr., David L. Swartz, Claudia Schmidt, Ph.D., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

Milk prices appear to be starting a slow, methodical climb. Feed costs remain in flux with harvest and quality uncertainties. More
Figure 1. Cool-season perennials are the mainstay of pastured dairies in the Northeast. Credit: Sjoerd Duiker
No-Till Annuals to Beat the Summer Slump on a Dairy Farm - Articles Articles

No-Till Annuals to Beat the Summer Slump on a Dairy Farm

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, Dave Wilson, Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

This case study demonstrates how a grazing dairy farmer in southeastern Pennsylvania beats the summer slump with cool- and warm-season annuals established with no-till practices. More
Posts between the oat and annual strip create a fence between strips that are grazed and strips with grain crops. Photo by Sjoerd Duiker
Integrating Grazing in No-Till Systems on a Grain Farm - Articles Articles

Integrating Grazing in No-Till Systems on a Grain Farm

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

The adoption of no-tillage systems in Pennsylvania creates opportunities to graze after harvest. This case study examines the integration of grazing and no-tillage on a grain farm. More
Figure 1: Well-managed perennial pasture can be a highly sustainable form of land use. Photo by Sjoerd Duiker
Plant Diversity to Extend the Grazing Season - Articles Articles

Plant Diversity to Extend the Grazing Season

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

This case study shows how a farmer in northwestern Pennsylvania is using annuals and perennials to expand his grazing season while managing for reduced inputs and improved soil health through integration of grazing and no-tillage. More
Photo from pixabay.com. CC0
Dairy Sense: Milk Income and Ration Perspective for Milk Fat - Articles Articles
A balance between components and volume may be the best strategy to optimize milk income. More
Photo credit: Adrian Barragan
Train Farm Personnel for Better Animal Health and Fertility - Articles Articles
Training farm personnel has positive impacts on animal well-being and performance, thus increasing overall farm profitability. More
Photo from pixabay.com. CC0
Dairy Sense: Preparing for Mycotoxin Problems - Articles Articles
Uncooperative weather patterns can increase the occurrence of molds and mycotoxins. Minimize their growth in storage by proper management of harvest, storage, and feed out. More
Raising Small Groups of Pigs
Raising Small Groups of Pigs - Articles Articles

Raising Small Groups of Pigs

Elizabeth Hines, Michael Fournier

Beginners in personal meat production and homesteading may be interested in raising swine. More
Grazing Corn Stalks with Beef Cattle
Grazing Corn Stalks with Beef Cattle - Articles Articles

Grazing Corn Stalks with Beef Cattle

Tiago Brandao Freitas, Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Tara L. Felix

Feeding stored feeds in winter months is a major cost of beef cow-calf and backgrounding operations. Extending the grazing season by grazing corn crop residue may be an economically viable option for beef producers in Pennsylvania. More
Horse Hay - Danielle N. Smarsh, Ph.D.
Mold and Mycotoxins in Horse Hay - Articles Articles
Hay with a high moisture content is at risk for developing mold. There are a variety of health risks for horses that consume moldy hay. More
Knowing your feed source is imperative. Corn field at harvest, Iowa. Photo: E.Hines
African Swine Fever Update: Biosecurity is the Key - Articles Articles
China continues to see losses and there is still no vaccine available. Practicing biosecurity on your farm is the current best recommendation to keep your pigs healthy. More
Yogurt Dairy Refrigerator-2722678 by Albany Colley. Pixabay.com. CC0
Dairy Outlook: October 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: October 2018

Robert C. Goodling, Jr., David L. Swartz, Claudia Schmidt, Ph.D., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

Current dairy markets are hinting at potential gradual increase in milk price into 2019. Global trade volatility continues to hinder widespread optimism. More
Poison hemlock in the spring time along a fencerow. Image from Ohio State University.
Livestock Producers Should Recognize and Manage Poison Hemlock - Articles Articles

Livestock Producers Should Recognize and Manage Poison Hemlock

Dwight Lingenfelter, William S. Curran, Ph.D.

“This is the time of year when you start to notice poison hemlock. Best management practices should take place before it flowers, produces more seed, and continues to spread”. More
Grazing Residue Height Matters
Grazing Residue Height Matters - Articles Articles

Grazing Residue Height Matters

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

It is important to remember to keep an eye on residue heights to eliminate over-grazing and the problems that occur as a result. More
Benefits of Hiring a Nutritionist
Benefits of Hiring a Nutritionist - Articles Articles
Hiring a nutritionist could have major benefits for your farm and your livestock. More
Do Your Cows Match Your Resources?
Do Your Cows Match Your Resources? - Articles Articles

Do Your Cows Match Your Resources?

Benjamin Williamson

What is the right size for a cow? That depends on your resources, your environment, the market that you sell to and your goals. More
Fall Means Time to Wean for Most Pennsylvania Beef Producers
Fall Means Time to Wean for Most Pennsylvania Beef Producers - Articles Articles
Choose the weaning protocol that best matches your management style and facilities. This choice can make a big difference in the stress levels of your cows, your calves and you. More
In Search of the Perfect Brood Ewe
In Search of the Perfect Brood Ewe - Articles Articles
Items to think about as you search for the perfect brood ewe to fit your farm resources and your management style. More
Use Birth Weight as a Selection Tool
Use Birth Weight as a Selection Tool - Articles Articles
The use of National Sheep Improvement Program estimated breeding values (EBVs) can help a producer utilize lamb birth weights as a selection tool. More
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