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Dairy Sense: The Reality of the Dairy Industry - Articles Articles
The industry is in crisis and there is no simple fix to the problem. Consecutive years of mediocre margins and possible erosion of farm equity mean there are some tough questions to be answered. More
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Dairy Sense: More Sugar, Please - Articles Articles

Dairy Sense: More Sugar, Please

Virginia A. Ishler

Adding sugar to the ration can complement many diets and takes the pressure off starch as the only energy source used to maintain production and components. More
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Dairy Sense: Evolution of IOFC - Articles Articles

Dairy Sense: Evolution of IOFC

Virginia A. Ishler

Income over feed cost (IOFC) per cow has evolved from a general metric to one that is very farm specific. Tracking breakeven IOFC enables analysis of how decisions will impact cash flow. More
Photo credit: Andrew Sandeen
Risk Management for Reproduction Programs - Articles Articles
Risk management must address big-picture financial aspects, but it is also relevant to specific areas of management, such as reproduction. More
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What is Mastitis Costing You? - Articles Articles
Mastitis costs dairy farms more than any other disease. Control clinical and subclinical infections to improve milk quality and boost profitability. More
Implants are crucial in Holstein steers raised for beef.
2018 Calf-fed Holstein Demonstration Results - Articles Articles
The calf-fed Holstein Initiative wrapped up its third year in 2018. Implants successfully increased average daily gains and feed efficiency. More
Beef cattle manure value can be captured as fertilizer.
Should I Use my Beef Manure as Fertilizer? - Articles Articles

Should I Use my Beef Manure as Fertilizer?

Tara L. Felix, Virginia A. Ishler

Beef manure is inherently high in phosphorus. There are a few issues with over-applying phosphorus to land. This article discusses issues and offers solutions to using beef cattle manure as fertilizer. More
Frozen bubble by Miariams-Fotos. Pixabay.com cc0
Dairy Outlook: February 2019 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: February 2019

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Claudia Schmidt, Ph.D., Virginia A. Ishler, Timothy Beck

Pennsylvania All Milk Price remains plateaued around $18/cwt through the first quarter of 2019 with futures indicating moderate increases during the last two quarters. More
The TMR Mineral Mismatch
The TMR Mineral Mismatch - Articles Articles

The TMR Mineral Mismatch

Virginia A. Ishler

Carbohydrates and protein are critical nutrients in precision feeding; however, some interesting observations on calcium and phosphorus agreement have materialized. More
Manure Management Project Book for Youth
Manure Management for Youth Projects - Articles Articles
Manure impacts water quality. In PA, everyone who produces manure needs a plan. That includes 4-H youth. More
Calf Management Tips for Cold Weather
Calf Management Tips for Cold Weather - Articles Articles

Calf Management Tips for Cold Weather

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Within a certain range of temperatures called the thermoneutral zone or TNZ, calves can maintain body temperature without needing extra energy. More
Filth Fly Control on Horse Farms
Filth Fly Control on Horse Farms - Articles Articles
Common Filth Flies in Equine Facilities and Control Options More
Holiday milk glass-574019 by lindamayo1. Pixabay.com. CC0
Dairy Outlook: December 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: December 2018

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Claudia Schmidt, Ph.D., Virginia A. Ishler, Timothy Beck

Pennsylvania All Milk Price is projected to oscillate between $18.00 and 18.50/cwt in the first half of 2019 given current futures. Though slightly higher than 2018, it still may be at or below an operation's breakeven. More
Photo: Steve Williams, Penn State
Margins and Cash Flow Impacted Herds Differently - Articles Articles

Margins and Cash Flow Impacted Herds Differently

Virginia A. Ishler, Timothy Beck

Good decisions can only be made when a farm’s breakeven margin is known and monitored. More
Small Ruminant Housing: Proper Airflow is Important
Small Ruminant Housing: Proper Airflow is Important - Articles Articles
When winter and cold weather arrive goats and sheep spend more time indoors. With this change in management comes needed attention to airflow and adequate ventilation of animal housing. More
Modern poultry barns often have two, and sometimes three, sets of fresh air ventilation inlets that are specialized for conditions ranging from cold, to mild and hot weather. [image source: Eileen Fabian]
Key Aspects of Inlets for Mechanical Ventilation of Poultry Housing - Articles Articles

Key Aspects of Inlets for Mechanical Ventilation of Poultry Housing

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D., Gino Lorenzoni

Inlets are perhaps the most important part of the ventilation system for maintaining uniformly comfortable and healthy conditions around the poultry house. More
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Simplify Your Financial Records Process - Articles Articles

Simplify Your Financial Records Process

Robert C. Goodling, Jr.

There is great potential in using software to help manage and decipher a business’ financial data. There are key concepts agricultural businesses can consider to simplify the process. More
Paddock with Run-in shed
Horse Farm Design: An Agricultural Engineering Approach - Articles Articles

Horse Farm Design: An Agricultural Engineering Approach

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D., Jennifer Smith Zajaczkowski

Research-based information for the planning and construction of well-designed equestrian facilities. More
Corn field, photo by Elizabeth Hines
Mycotoxins and Their Effect on Poultry and Swine Production - Articles Articles
Feed grains contaminated by mycotoxins hurt feed quality and are detrimental to production in poultry and swine. Some key mycotoxins can induce differential impacts on poultry and swine production performance. More
"Fall Inspirations" by Erin Goodling
Dairy Outlook: November 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: November 2018

Robert C. Goodling, Jr., David L. Swartz, Claudia Schmidt, Ph.D., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

Milk prices appear to be starting a slow, methodical climb. Feed costs remain in flux with harvest and quality uncertainties. More
Posts between the oat and annual strip create a fence between strips that are grazed and strips with grain crops. Photo by Sjoerd Duiker
Integrating Grazing in No-Till Systems on a Grain Farm - Articles Articles

Integrating Grazing in No-Till Systems on a Grain Farm

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

The adoption of no-tillage systems in Pennsylvania creates opportunities to graze after harvest. This case study examines the integration of grazing and no-tillage on a grain farm. More
Figure 1: Well-managed perennial pasture can be a highly sustainable form of land use. Photo by Sjoerd Duiker
Plant Diversity to Extend the Grazing Season - Articles Articles

Plant Diversity to Extend the Grazing Season

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

This case study shows how a farmer in northwestern Pennsylvania is using annuals and perennials to expand his grazing season while managing for reduced inputs and improved soil health through integration of grazing and no-tillage. More
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Dairy Sense: Milk Income and Ration Perspective for Milk Fat - Articles Articles
A balance between components and volume may be the best strategy to optimize milk income. More
Photo credit: Adrian Barragan
Train Farm Personnel for Better Animal Health and Fertility - Articles Articles
Training farm personnel has positive impacts on animal well-being and performance, thus increasing overall farm profitability. More
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Dairy Sense: Preparing for Mycotoxin Problems - Articles Articles
Uncooperative weather patterns can increase the occurrence of molds and mycotoxins. Minimize their growth in storage by proper management of harvest, storage, and feed out. More
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