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A screenshot of the DWIT tool
Drinking Water Interpretation Tool (DWIT) - Articles Articles
Use this online tool to create a customized interpretation of complex data found on any water test report. More
Landowners should inspect their forest road system at regular intervals to detect problems and schedule repairs. Photo: George Hurd, Penn Sate University
Maintain Forest Roads to Prevent Erosion and Protect Water - Articles Articles
The dirt and gravel roads that run through your forest play an important role in the management of your woodlands. More
Water Conservation - How Much Water and Money Can You Save?
Water Conservation - How Much Water and Money Can You Save? - Articles Articles
Determine how much water you currently use and the amount of water and money you could save by installing water-conserving devices. More
Agricultural Water Needs and Sources Water Supply
Agricultural Water Needs and Sources Water Supply - Articles Articles
Information on the volume of water needed for various agricultural purposes. More
Vertical Flow Wetlands
Vertical Flow Wetlands - Articles Articles

Vertical Flow Wetlands

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Vertical flow wetlands (VFW) are a relatively new tool for treating waters acidified by mining or acid deposition. More
Photo from google images
Storing Fuels and Protecting Water Resources - Articles Articles
Lower fuel prices may cause homeowners to consider storing extra fuel at home. Be sure to research all of the ramifications and pitfalls before proceeding. More
How to Store Water for Drinking or Cooking
How to Store Water for Drinking or Cooking - Articles Articles

How to Store Water for Drinking or Cooking

Cathy F. Bowen, Ph.D., Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Storing water for an emergency is simple, especially when the water is not contaminated. Here are some guidelines for storing water. More
Household Water Conservation
Household Water Conservation - Articles Articles

Household Water Conservation

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

There are many water conservation methods that require little effort to incorporate, but produce significant results. More
Marcellus shale drilling in progress, Beaver Run Reservoir, Westmoreland County. Credit: Robert Donnan.
Water’s Journey Through the Shale Gas Processes - Articles Articles
Using publicly available information, we attempt to track and quantify current water use through the stages of the gas well development process. More
Water System Planning: Estimating Water Needs
Water System Planning: Estimating Water Needs - Articles Articles

Water System Planning: Estimating Water Needs

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Find out how to estimate homeowner or farmer water needs and calculate how much water must be delivered from a private water supply to meet these needs. More
Water Softening
Water Softening - Articles Articles

Water Softening

Bryan Swistock

Hard water causes gray or white deposits when water is heated. Water softening can be used to reduce these symptoms. More
Tips for Buying Water Treatment Equipment
Tips for Buying Water Treatment Equipment - Articles Articles
The following tips will assist the homeowner with the purchase of water treatment equipment. More
Certified water testing labs are available throughout the state to provide accurate water quality results for homeowners.
Testing Your Drinking Water - Articles Articles

Testing Your Drinking Water

Bryan Swistock

Homeowners using wells, springs or cisterns as their water supply should consider having their water tested routinely. More
A small roadside spring located along a state forest road in northcentral Pennsylvania.
Roadside Springs - Articles Articles

Roadside Springs

Bryan Swistock, Susan Boser, Mark Madden, Diane Oleson, M.S., Amy Galford, Gary William Micsky, James Andrew Clark

This article discusses a research study on the water quality and use of numerous roadside springs across Pennsylvania. More
Removing Giardia Cysts from Drinking Water
Removing Giardia Cysts from Drinking Water - Articles Articles
This article describes proper treatment methods to remove Giardia cysts from drinking water. More
Unused and unwanted medicines being collected.
Pharmaceutical Disposal and Water Quality - Articles Articles
This article explains the issue of pharmaceuticals in water and how to properly dispose of these products to prevent water quality contamination. More
Nitrates in Drinking Water
Nitrates in Drinking Water - Articles Articles

Nitrates in Drinking Water

Bryan Swistock

Excessive nitrates in drinking water can cause “blue-baby syndrome” or methemoglobinemia. Various treatment options are available to remove nitrate from water. More
Magnet inside a plastic tube, a device sold with claims to treat water problems.
Magnetic Water Treatment Devices - Articles Articles
Consumers should use caution when considering water treatment devices that claim to use electromagnetic fields to change the molecular makeup of water problems. More
Lead in Drinking Water
Lead in Drinking Water - Articles Articles

Lead in Drinking Water

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D., Amy Galford

Learn how to determine if your drinking water contains too much lead, and discover ways to reduce lead in your water. More
Iron and Manganese in Private Water Systems Iron and Manganese in Private Water Systems - Articles

Iron and Manganese in Private Water Systems

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Iron and manganese cause stains and tastes in water. They can be removed with several treatment processes described in this article. More
Interpreting Irrigation Water Tests
Interpreting Irrigation Water Tests - Articles Articles
Basic interpretation of how various water quality parameters can influence plant growth during irrigation. More
Interpreting Drinking Water Tests for Dairy Cows
Interpreting Drinking Water Tests for Dairy Cows - Articles Articles
This article describes some of the common pollutants found in water supplies in Pennsylvania and their potential effect on dairy cows. More
Hydrogen Sulfide (Rotten Egg Odor) in Water Wells Hydrogen Sulfide (Rotten Egg Odor) in Water Wells - Articles
Hydrogen sulfide is a gas that gives water a distinctive “rotten egg” odor. Various treatment options are discussed in this article. More
How to Interpret a Water Analysis Report
How to Interpret a Water Analysis Report - Articles Articles
This article outlines some of the major parameters you may see on the analysis and assists you in understanding the numbers on a water test report. More
Corrosive Water Problems
Corrosive Water Problems - Articles Articles

Corrosive Water Problems

Bryan Swistock

Corrosive water can dissolve metal plumbing components causing unsafe levels of copper and lead and pinhole leaks. More
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