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Female spotted lanternfly and her egg mass. Photo: Emelie Swackhamer, Penn State
Tree Fruit Insect Pest - Spotted Lanternfly - Articles Articles

Tree Fruit Insect Pest - Spotted Lanternfly

Grzegorz (Greg) Krawczyk, Ph.D.

The spotted lanternfly, Lycorma delicatula, an invasive plant hopper was first detected in Pennsylvania in the fall of 2014. More
Tyvek® tree guard. Photo: Rob Crassweller
Orchard Weed Control - Protection of Tree Trunks - Articles Articles
Some of the burn-down herbicides have been implicated as possible causes of damage to young tree trunks that have green tissue on portions of the lower trunk. More
Top dominant trees in an older orchard. Photo: Rob Crasswellar, Penn State
Home Gardening: Pruning to Renovate Old Fruit Trees - Articles Articles

Home Gardening: Pruning to Renovate Old Fruit Trees

Robert Crassweller, Ph.D., Rich Marini, Ph.D., Tara Baugher, Timothy Elkner

Use judicious pruning to renovate older fruit trees in your home landscape. More
Ambrosia fruit. Photo: R. Crassweller, Penn State
Orchard Nutrition: Determining Orchard Fertility Needs - Articles Articles
The Mid-Atlantic region is blessed with an abundant supply of good fertile soils that can produce high quality deciduous fruit. More
Pest Alert - Omnivorous Leafroller
Pest Alert - Omnivorous Leafroller - Articles Articles
The omnivorous leafroller has recently been confirmed in a greenhouse in Pennsylvania. Your assistance is needed in monitoring this pest indoors and outdoors in Pennsylvania. More
Fruit Tree Propagation - Grafting and Budding
Fruit Tree Propagation - Grafting and Budding - Articles Articles
This article provides information on a few successful propagation methods that can be used on fruit trees. More
The Home Fruit Garden - Getting Started
The Home Fruit Garden - Getting Started - Articles Articles
Home fruit gardening offers many benefits—exercise, enjoyment, a supply of delicious fruits, enhancement of the home landscape, and a truly educational experience. More
Soil testing throughout the project helps determine if any soil amendments are needed. Photo: Kristi Kraft
Start Farming: Establishing Farmers Prepare Fields for Fruit Trees - Articles Articles
"Models for the Future" demonstration plots showcase best management practices for producers in the establishing years of developing their farm enterprises. More
Gerald Holmes, California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo, Bugwood.org
Home Orchards: Table 2.4. Plant Protection Materials - Articles Articles
Informational table showing pesticides available for home garden use on various fruit crops. More
M.G. Klein, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org
Home Orchards: Table 4.4. Disease, Insect, and Mites on Apples and Pears - Articles Articles
Occurrence of diseases, insects, and mites on apples and pears during the growing season. More
Home Fruit Gardens: Table 1.1. Fertilizer Equivalents
Home Fruit Gardens: Table 1.1. Fertilizer Equivalents - Articles Articles
Use this table to determine the equivalent amounts of nitrogen, phosphate, and potash of each fertilizer material. More
E. Levine, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Home Orchards: Table 4.6. Efficacy of Insecticides and Miticides - Articles Articles
Informational table showing efficacy of insecticides and miticides on apples and pears. More
Home Orchards: Table 4.3 Apple and Pear Tree Spacings on Various Rootstocks
Home Orchards: Table 4.3 Apple and Pear Tree Spacings on Various Rootstocks - Articles Articles
Informational table showing apple and pear tree spacings and probable yields on various rootstocks. More
Home Orchards: Table 4.8. Pesticide Recommendations for Pears
Home Orchards: Table 4.8. Pesticide Recommendations for Pears - Articles Articles
Informational table showing pesticide recommendations for pears. To avoid harming bees, do not use an insecticide in sprays applied during the bloom period. More
Home Orchards: Table 4.5. Efficacy of Fungicides on Apples and Pears
Home Orchards: Table 4.5. Efficacy of Fungicides on Apples and Pears - Articles Articles
Informational table showing the efficacy of fungicides on apples and pears. More
H.J. Larsen, Bugwood.org
Home Orchards: Table 2.2. Sprayer Calibration Distances - Articles Articles
Informational table showing sprayer calibration distances. More
Home Fruit Gardens: Table 1.2. Monthly Maintenance
Home Fruit Gardens: Table 1.2. Monthly Maintenance - Articles Articles
Your schedule may vary from the one below by as much as 2 weeks (earlier or later) depending on the region of Pennsylvania in which you are located. More
Home Orchard: Table 2.3. Pesticide Application Amounts Home Orchard: Table 2.3. Pesticide Application Amounts - Articles
Informational table showing pesticide application amounts on fruit. More
Photo credit Mary Ann Frazier, Penn State Extension.
Who are Our Pollinators? - Articles Articles

Who are Our Pollinators?

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Krishona Martinson

Approximately three quarters of our major food crops are pollinated. Here we will look at how wild bees provide insurance against ongoing honey bee losses. More
Small Striped Bee (Halictus). Photo USGS Bee Inventory.
What Can We Do to Encourage Native Bees? - Articles Articles

What Can We Do to Encourage Native Bees?

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Pollinators need a diverse, abundant food source and a place to build their nests and rear their young. If we keep these two elements in mind we can encourage native bee populations. More
Varroa mite parasitizing bee. Thought to be one of the major factors contributing to hive losses. Photo Alex Wild.
Pollinator Declines - Articles Articles

Pollinator Declines

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Domestic honey bees hives are down by 59% compared to 60 years ago with rapid declines over the last forty years. The populations of some native bee species may also be declining. More
Home Gardening: Stony Pit
Home Gardening: Stony Pit - Articles Articles
Stony pit of pear is presumed to be caused by a destructive virus, but the virus has not been isolated. More
Building and Operating a Home Garden Irrigation System
Building and Operating a Home Garden Irrigation System - Articles Articles

Building and Operating a Home Garden Irrigation System

Tom Butzler, Thomas Maloney, Darryl Dressler

Have you ever wondered how commercial fruit and vegetable growers can consistently get such huge quantities of great produce even in dry years? More
Orchard Wildlife Management - Birds
Orchard Wildlife Management - Birds - Articles Articles

Orchard Wildlife Management - Birds

Margaret C. Brittingham, Ph.D.

On many farms or orchards, bird damage is minimal while for others, problems from birds can be substantial. More
Photo credit: Steve Culman
Soil Quality Information - Articles Articles
Healthy soils yield healthy crops, But what is healthy soil and how do we achieve it? More
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