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Female spotted lanternfly and her egg mass. Photo: Emelie Swackhamer, Penn State
Tree Fruit Insect Pest - Spotted Lanternfly - Articles Articles

Tree Fruit Insect Pest - Spotted Lanternfly

Grzegorz (Greg) Krawczyk, Ph.D.

The spotted lanternfly, Lycorma delicatula, an invasive plant hopper was first detected in Pennsylvania in the fall of 2014. More
Osmia cornifrons on an apple blossom. Photo: David Biddinger
Orchard Pollination: Solitary (Mason) Bees - Articles Articles
Growers of bee-pollinated crops, particularly apples, may be interested in the possible use of solitary bees as pollinators. More
Photo by M. Seetin.
Pollinators and Pesticide Sprays during Bloom in Fruit Plantings - Articles Articles

Pollinators and Pesticide Sprays during Bloom in Fruit Plantings

Dave Biddinger, Ph.D., Kathy Demchak, Ed Rajotte, Ph.D., Tara Baugher

Use of pesticides during bloom is a complicated problem with the solutions relying on understanding the detailed relationships among chemicals, pollinators and pest management needs. More
Orchard Wildlife Management - Birds
Orchard Wildlife Management - Birds - Articles Articles

Orchard Wildlife Management - Birds

Margaret C. Brittingham, Ph.D.

On many farms or orchards, bird damage is minimal while for others, problems from birds can be substantial. More
Photo credit Mary Ann Frazier, Penn State Extension.
Who are Our Pollinators? - Articles Articles

Who are Our Pollinators?

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Krishona Martinson

Approximately three quarters of our major food crops are pollinated. Here we will look at how wild bees provide insurance against ongoing honey bee losses. More
Small Striped Bee (Halictus). Photo USGS Bee Inventory.
What Can We Do to Encourage Native Bees? - Articles Articles

What Can We Do to Encourage Native Bees?

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Pollinators need a diverse, abundant food source and a place to build their nests and rear their young. If we keep these two elements in mind we can encourage native bee populations. More
Varroa mite parasitizing bee. Thought to be one of the major factors contributing to hive losses. Photo Alex Wild.
Pollinator Declines - Articles Articles

Pollinator Declines

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Domestic honey bees hives are down by 59% compared to 60 years ago with rapid declines over the last forty years. The populations of some native bee species may also be declining. More
Drift herbicide damage on tomato.
Using Proper Herbicide Formulations to Prevent Damage - Articles Articles
Use the proper herbicide formulations to prevent damage to non-target plants. More
Safety Data Sheet Use
Safety Data Sheet Use - Articles Articles

Safety Data Sheet Use

Jim Harvey

Safety data sheets (SDS) provide detailed information about all chemicals and pesticides including the chemical properties, various hazards, protective measures, and safety precautions. More
Pesticides for Gooseberry and Currant Home Plantings
Pesticides for Gooseberry and Currant Home Plantings - Articles Articles
Informational table showing pesticide recommendations for gooseberries and currants. More
Insect Pests in Currants and Gooseberries in Home Fruit Plantings
Insect Pests in Currants and Gooseberries in Home Fruit Plantings - Articles Articles
Under most conditions, insects are not perennially serious pests of currants and gooseberries; however, certain insects occasionally will cause serious damage if left uncontrolled. More
Pest Management in Gooseberries and Currants in Home Fruit Plantings
Pest Management in Gooseberries and Currants in Home Fruit Plantings - Articles Articles
Many cultural methods such as pruning and sanitation practices will help in keeping disease organisms out of your plantings. More
Disease Descriptions for Gooseberries and Currants
Disease Descriptions for Gooseberries and Currants - Articles Articles
The more common diseases found on currants and gooseberries are anthracnose, leaf spot, and powdery mildew. The most common virus disease is currant mosaic. More
Home Fruit Plantings: Gooseberry and Currant Variety Selection
Home Fruit Plantings: Gooseberry and Currant Variety Selection - Articles Articles
Listing of gooseberry and currant that are less susceptible to being the alternate host for White pine blister rust. More
Home Fruit Plantings: Gooseberries and Currants
Home Fruit Plantings: Gooseberries and Currants - Articles Articles
Gooseberries and currants (Ribes spp.) have enjoyed great popularity in the past. More
Russ Ottens, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org
Home Orchards, Table 2.1. Important Insects and Mites - Articles Articles
Informational table showing direct and indirect fruit pests. More
Home Orchard: Table 2.3. Pesticide Application Amounts
Home Orchard: Table 2.3. Pesticide Application Amounts - Articles Articles
Informational table showing pesticide application amounts on fruit. More
Home Fruit Gardens: Table 1.1. Fertilizer Equivalents
Home Fruit Gardens: Table 1.1. Fertilizer Equivalents - Articles Articles
Use this table to determine the equivalent amounts of nitrogen, phosphate, and potash of each fertilizer material. More
Home Fruit Gardens: Table 1.2. Monthly Maintenance
Home Fruit Gardens: Table 1.2. Monthly Maintenance - Articles Articles
Your schedule may vary from the one below by as much as 2 weeks (earlier or later) depending on the region of Pennsylvania in which you are located. More
Mulches for Weed Control in Home Fruit Plantings
Mulches for Weed Control in Home Fruit Plantings - Articles Articles
A mulch is any kind of material applied to the soil surface for protection or improvement of the area covered. The value of any mulch material is measured in how well it improves crop quality. More
Gerald Holmes, California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo, Bugwood.org
General Guidelines for Pesticide Safety - Articles Articles
Only use pesticides when necessary. Before using any pesticide product, always read the label, as it is a legal document. More
Parts of the Pesticide Label
Parts of the Pesticide Label - Articles Articles
You should always read and understand the label before using any pesticide product. More
Symptoms of Pesticide Poisoning
Symptoms of Pesticide Poisoning - Articles Articles
The symptoms of pesticide poisoning can range from a mild skin irritation to coma or even death. Different classes or families of chemicals cause different types of symptoms. More
Applying Mulches in Home Fruit Plantings
Applying Mulches in Home Fruit Plantings - Articles Articles
Since most mulch materials are applied for weed control, it is important that they be in place before weeds have emerged from the soil. More
Plant Quality in Home Fruit Plantings
Plant Quality in Home Fruit Plantings - Articles Articles
Purchase well-grown, heavily rooted, one-year-old plants of all fruits except blueberries and brambles. Two-year-old blueberry plants are recommended. More
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