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Growers dependent on honey bees must constantly maintain a delicate balance between protecting their crops from pests and pathogens and protecting pollinators.
Orchard Pollination: Honey Bees - Articles Articles

Orchard Pollination: Honey Bees

Dave Biddinger, Ph.D.

European honey bees are the primary managed pollinators in orchards because their abundance can be managed from year to year. More
In high-density systems excessive growth is discouraged, and instead of a large, strong framework, a weak-framed tree is desirable. To achieve these ends in a system such as tall spindle, very little pruning is done in early years.
Orchard Production Systems: Selection Considerations - Articles Articles
Factors affecting an orchard production system include cost, spacing, plantsmanship, and labor. More
Nitrogen deficiency symptoms on peach, which can be prevented by leaf analysis and block-specific fertilization.
Orchard Nutrition: An Overview - Articles Articles

Orchard Nutrition: An Overview

Robert Crassweller, Ph.D.

Nutritional requirements of fruit trees differ from those of agronomic crops, cover crops, and orchard sod. More
Tyvek® tree guard. Photo: Rob Crassweller
Orchard Weed Control - Protection of Tree Trunks - Articles Articles
Some of the burn-down herbicides have been implicated as possible causes of damage to young tree trunks that have green tissue on portions of the lower trunk. More
A new mobile scouting spreadsheet developed by Penn State enables simple record-keeping on your smartphone.
Orchard IPM: Scouting with Your Smartphone - Articles Articles

Orchard IPM: Scouting with Your Smartphone

Tara Baugher, Tom Jarvinen

An important part of orchard scouting is to keep good records. A new mobile scouting spreadsheet, developed by Penn State, will help you keep track of what you are seeing in the field. More
John Wall, author of How to Build Orchard and Vineyard Trellises, explains the key components of a strong orchard support system. Photo: Tara Baugher, Penn State
Orchard Precision: Engineering Principles for Orchard Trellis Construction - Articles Articles
Properly gauging orchard trellis needs and designing a system that is both cost-efficient and sturdy enough to weather season after season is a challenging, but rewarding, task. More
Phytocoris conspurcatus. Photo by Tom Murray
Apple Insect Pest: New Plant Bug Type Injury to Fruit - Articles Articles

Apple Insect Pest: New Plant Bug Type Injury to Fruit

Dave Biddinger, Ph.D., Neelendra Joshi

In last the five years or so growers have noticed increases in what appears to be plum curculio damage to apple fruit. More
Zenik Crespo (back, right) assists Hispanic participants as they identify weeds at Johnston’s Everygreen Nursery in Erie. Photo: L. Follett, Johnston’s Evergreen Nursery
Bilingual Workshops Teach Integrated Weed Management - Articles Articles
Penn State Extension has developed new resources for weed management and is beginning to offer bilingual training opportunities. More
Mowing the sudex cover crop at the blueberry site at Five Elements Farm. The sudex was sown to compete against weeds, and was incorporated to add organic matter to the soil. Photo by J. Bozzelli.
Adding Small Fruits to Your Small Farm - Articles Articles

Adding Small Fruits to Your Small Farm

Marley E Skinner, Robert Pollock, Mike Basedow

Consider diversifying your farm by adding small fruit like blueberries or strawberries. More
Photo: Molly Kelly, Penn State
Incorporating Microbiology Techniques in the Winery - Articles Articles
There are a number of spoilage microorganisms and yeasts that we are concerned with as winemakers. More
'Golden Delicious' on MM.111 rootstock and a 12" M.9 interstem in one of Roy Simons' trials at Illinois. Photo: Rich Marini, Penn State
Apple Rootstocks: Interstem Apple Trees Revisited - Articles Articles
Some growers are considering interstem trees as a way to avoid some of the problems experienced with the more common dwarfing rootstocks. More
Jalysus wickhami. Photo © John Rosenfeld
Spined Stilt Bug - Articles Articles

Spined Stilt Bug

Michael J. Skvarla

Spined stilt bugs are an occasional pest of greenhouse tomatoes that can cause flower and fruit abortion and unsightly feeding damage in mature fruits. More
Buckeye Gala/M. 9. Photo: Tara Baugher, Penn State
Apple PGRs - Shifting Harvest Window of Gala a Risk in Warmer Climates - Articles Articles

Apple PGRs - Shifting Harvest Window of Gala a Risk in Warmer Climates

James Schupp, Ph.D., Edwin Winzeler, Lynn Kime

Researchers in cooler regions have recommended the 2-pouch rate of ReTain be used to delay harvest by up to six weeks, but this was not possible in Southcentral PA in 2016. More
2017 Penn State Agronomy Herbicide Trial Report
2017 Penn State Agronomy Herbicide Trial Report - Articles Articles
This weed field trials report is a summary of the 2017 herbicide trials conducted in corn soybean, and other field crops by the Department of Plant Science at Penn State. More
Stay Alert for Oak Wilt!
Stay Alert for Oak Wilt! - Articles Articles

Stay Alert for Oak Wilt!

Sandy Feather

Oak wilt was not known in New York before 2008, but foresters and arborists are managing it there now. More
Yellowmargined leaf beetle (YMLB) adult. Photo: Michael Skvarla, Penn State
Yellowmargined Leaf Beetle Serious Pest in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Yellowmargined Leaf Beetle Serious Pest in Pennsylvania

Michael J. Skvarla, Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D.

Yellowmargined leaf beetle (YMLB) (Microtheca ochroloma) is a serious pest of cruciferous crops. More
Spotted lanternfly on apple in Berks County, PA in October 2017. Photo: Erica Smyers, Penn State
Spotted Lanternfly on Grapes and Tree Fruit - Articles Articles

Spotted Lanternfly on Grapes and Tree Fruit

Julie Urban, Dave Biddinger, Ph.D., Ed Rajotte, Ph.D.

Biology, management and slowing the spread of the spotted lanternfly on grapes and tree fruit in the Mid-Atlantic Region. More
Quad V. Photo: Edwin Winzeler, Penn State
Peach Tree Pruning: Trials, Tribulations, and Looking to the Future - Articles Articles
The ideal peach training system would be productive and pedestrian, precocious and produce high quality, well-colored red fruits. More
Spotted Lanternfly IPM Management Calendar
Spotted Lanternfly IPM Management Calendar - Articles Articles

Spotted Lanternfly IPM Management Calendar

Emelie Swackhamer, David R. Jackson, Art Gover

There are various management techniques to consider to destroy or control the Spotted Lanternfly. Learn the recommended methods to use during certain times of the year. More
Asexual spore, Sporangia of Phytophthora capsici, host: Cucurbita spp. L. Photo: Paul Bachi, University of Kentucky Research and Education Center, Bugwood.org
Vegetable Disease Research: Tools in the Battle Against Phytophthora - Articles Articles
Over the past decade, Phytophthora blight has dramatically spread to “clean” farms. As a result, growers have seen healthy crops completely fail. More
Source: Clemson University - USDA Cooperative Extension Slide Series, Bugwood.org
Tree Fruit Insect Pest - Lesser Peachtree Borer - Articles Articles

Tree Fruit Insect Pest - Lesser Peachtree Borer

Grzegorz (Greg) Krawczyk, Ph.D.

Lesser peachtree borer, Synanthedon pictipes, is an important pest in peach and cherry orchards throughout Pennsylvania and surrounding states. More
Source: Cheryl Moorehead, Bugwood.org
Tree Fruit Insect Pest - Pear Slug - Articles Articles

Tree Fruit Insect Pest - Pear Slug

Grzegorz (Greg) Krawczyk, Ph.D.

The pear slug, Caliroa cerasi, resembles a slug in appearance, but it is actually a sawfly. More
Source: Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources - Forestry, Bugwood.org
Tree Fruit Insect Pest - Pear Thrips - Articles Articles

Tree Fruit Insect Pest - Pear Thrips

Grzegorz (Greg) Krawczyk, Ph.D.

Pear thrips, Taeniothrips inconsequens, was introduced early this century, probably from Europe. More
Source: Ben Sale, available under creative commons license 2.0 creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/legalcode
Tree Fruit Insect Pest - Spotted Tentiform Leafminer - Articles Articles

Tree Fruit Insect Pest - Spotted Tentiform Leafminer

Grzegorz (Greg) Krawczyk, Ph.D.

The spotted tentiform leafminer, Phyllonorycter blancardella, affects the leaves of apple trees throughout the growing season. More
Source: Natasha Wright, Cook's Pest Control, Bugwood.org
Tree Fruit Insect Pest - Shothole Borer - Articles Articles

Tree Fruit Insect Pest - Shothole Borer

Grzegorz (Greg) Krawczyk, Ph.D.

The shothole borer, Scolytus rugulosus, sometimes called the fruit tree bark beetle, is a native of Europe but now occurs throughout the United States. More