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Female spotted lanternfly and her egg mass. Photo: Emelie Swackhamer, Penn State
Tree Fruit Insect Pest - Spotted Lanternfly - Articles Articles

Tree Fruit Insect Pest - Spotted Lanternfly

Grzegorz (Greg) Krawczyk, Ph.D.

The spotted lanternfly, Lycorma delicatula, an invasive plant hopper was first detected in Pennsylvania in the fall of 2014. More
Photo 1. Blueberry blossom showing the characteristic flowers of this plant. Note that the flowers are closed, bell-shaped and pendant. Photo credit: Nicole Castle, contributed to Plant Village.
Who Pollinates Pennsylvania Blueberry Plants? - Articles Articles

Who Pollinates Pennsylvania Blueberry Plants?

Margarita López-Uribe, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Kristal Watrous, Nolan Amon

Blueberries (genus Vaccinium) are a high-value crop in Pennsylvania and the United States, with an estimated value of at least $825 million to the US economy in 2014. More
Mowing the sudex cover crop at the blueberry site at Five Elements Farm. The sudex was sown to compete against weeds, and was incorporated to add organic matter to the soil. Photo by J. Bozzelli.
Adding Small Fruits to Your Small Farm - Articles Articles

Adding Small Fruits to Your Small Farm

Marley E Skinner, Robert Pollock, Mike Basedow

Consider diversifying your farm by adding small fruit like blueberries or strawberries. More
Paper wasps typically build their nest in high protected structures such as house or barn eaves.
Should Growers Befriend Wasps? - Articles Articles
Small fruit and vegetable growers understand the role that honeybees, bumblebees, and solitary bees play in pollination of crops. More
Gerald J. Lenhard, Louisiana State University, Bugwood.org
Tree Fruit Insect Pest - Yellownecked Caterpillar - Articles Articles
The yellownecked caterpillar is a key pest of shade trees. This insect is also destructive on the foliage of blueberry, apple, and other fruit trees. More
Extending the Garden Season with High Tunnels
Extending the Garden Season with High Tunnels - Articles Articles

Extending the Garden Season with High Tunnels

Elsa Sanchez, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D.

High tunnels offer plants protection from wet, saturated soils and low temperatures in the spring and fall, thereby extending the gardening season. More
The Home Fruit Garden - Getting Started
The Home Fruit Garden - Getting Started - Articles Articles
Home fruit gardening offers many benefits—exercise, enjoyment, a supply of delicious fruits, enhancement of the home landscape, and a truly educational experience. More
Gerald Holmes, California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo, Bugwood.org
Home Orchards: Table 2.4. Plant Protection Materials - Articles Articles
Informational table showing pesticides available for home garden use on various fruit crops. More
Table 9.3. Pesticides for Blueberries in Home Gardens
Table 9.3. Pesticides for Blueberries in Home Gardens - Articles Articles
Informational table showing pesticide recommendations for blueberries. More
Home Fruit Gardens: Table 9.2. Efficacy of Insecticides on Blueberries
Home Fruit Gardens: Table 9.2. Efficacy of Insecticides on Blueberries - Articles Articles
Informational table showing efficacy of insecticides on blueberries. More
Home Fruit Gardens: Table 9.1. Insect Occurrence in Blueberries
Home Fruit Gardens: Table 9.1. Insect Occurrence in Blueberries - Articles Articles
Informational table showing occurrence of insects during the blueberry growing season. More
Home Fruit Gardens: Table 1.1. Fertilizer Equivalents
Home Fruit Gardens: Table 1.1. Fertilizer Equivalents - Articles Articles
Use this table to determine the equivalent amounts of nitrogen, phosphate, and potash of each fertilizer material. More
Home Fruit Gardens: Table 1.2. Monthly Maintenance
Home Fruit Gardens: Table 1.2. Monthly Maintenance - Articles Articles
Your schedule may vary from the one below by as much as 2 weeks (earlier or later) depending on the region of Pennsylvania in which you are located. More
Home Orchard: Table 2.3. Pesticide Application Amounts Home Orchard: Table 2.3. Pesticide Application Amounts - Articles
Informational table showing pesticide application amounts on fruit. More
Photo credit Mary Ann Frazier, Penn State Extension.
Who are Our Pollinators? - Articles Articles

Who are Our Pollinators?

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Krishona Martinson

Approximately three quarters of our major food crops are pollinated. Here we will look at how wild bees provide insurance against ongoing honey bee losses. More
Small Striped Bee (Halictus). Photo USGS Bee Inventory.
What Can We Do to Encourage Native Bees? - Articles Articles

What Can We Do to Encourage Native Bees?

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Pollinators need a diverse, abundant food source and a place to build their nests and rear their young. If we keep these two elements in mind we can encourage native bee populations. More
Varroa mite parasitizing bee. Thought to be one of the major factors contributing to hive losses. Photo Alex Wild.
Pollinator Declines - Articles Articles

Pollinator Declines

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Domestic honey bees hives are down by 59% compared to 60 years ago with rapid declines over the last forty years. The populations of some native bee species may also be declining. More
Building and Operating a Home Garden Irrigation System
Building and Operating a Home Garden Irrigation System - Articles Articles

Building and Operating a Home Garden Irrigation System

Tom Butzler, Thomas Maloney, Darryl Dressler

Have you ever wondered how commercial fruit and vegetable growers can consistently get such huge quantities of great produce even in dry years? More
Orchard Wildlife Management - Birds
Orchard Wildlife Management - Birds - Articles Articles

Orchard Wildlife Management - Birds

Margaret C. Brittingham, Ph.D.

On many farms or orchards, bird damage is minimal while for others, problems from birds can be substantial. More
Spotted Wing Drosophila, Part 3: Monitoring
Spotted Wing Drosophila, Part 3: Monitoring - Articles Articles
This article explains how to monitor for spotted wing drosophila, an invasive vinegar (fruit) fly first detected in Pennsylvania in 2011, using traps. More
Figure 1
Spotted Wing Drosophila, Part 2: Natural History - Articles Articles
This article provides information on the environmental, host plant, and feeding preferences and life cycle of the spotted wing drosophila. More
Blueberry Diseases - Virus Control
Blueberry Diseases - Virus Control - Articles Articles
Blueberries are susceptible to a number of virus and virus-like diseases. More
Drift herbicide damage on tomato.
Using Proper Herbicide Formulations to Prevent Damage - Articles Articles
Use the proper herbicide formulations to prevent damage to non-target plants. More
Photo credit: Steve Culman
Soil Quality Information - Articles Articles
Healthy soils yield healthy crops, But what is healthy soil and how do we achieve it? More
Guide to Farming: Small Fruits
Guide to Farming: Small Fruits - Articles Articles
The term “small fruit” includes many of the berry crops such as blackberries, blueberries, and strawberries among others. More
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