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Photo credit: Dan McFarland
Pre-Fresh, Maternity and Post-Fresh Space: Getting the Numbers Right - Articles Articles
Nutrition, health care, and environment provided during the transition period have a tremendous influence on cow health and performance well into the next lactation. More
Red Holstein dairy cow
Animal Welfare Objectives for Dairy Facility Design - Articles Articles

Animal Welfare Objectives for Dairy Facility Design

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

This article provides a simplified context for animal welfare in relation to engineering design features of dairy housing. More
Animal Welfare in Dairy System Design
Animal Welfare in Dairy System Design - Articles Articles
Modern dairy shelters provide the five freedoms of animal welfare that are essential to cow comfort and animal husbandry. More
Safety Risk from Manure Storages of Dairy Cows Bedded with Gypsum
Safety Risk from Manure Storages of Dairy Cows Bedded with Gypsum - Articles Articles

Safety Risk from Manure Storages of Dairy Cows Bedded with Gypsum

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D., Michael Hile, Dan Hofstetter

Findings from on-farm monitoring of dairies using gypsum as stall bedding show a link has been found to highly toxic levels of hydrogen sulfide gas during manure movement and agitation. More
Riding Arenas
Riding Arenas - Articles Articles
Riding arenas are a necessity for most horse farms for schooling and exercise of the horse. More
Temperature and Humidity in Indoor Riding Arenas during Cold Weather
Temperature and Humidity in Indoor Riding Arenas during Cold Weather - Articles Articles
Improved rider, instructor, and horse comfort and health may be improved with fresh air entry and distribution within the arena. More
Common Sense Fencing for Horses
Common Sense Fencing for Horses - Articles Articles
Is the fence visible? Any fence type to be safe and reliable requires planning and proper instillation. More
2015 Pennsylvania Farm Fatal Injury Summary 2015 Pennsylvania Farm Fatal Injury Summary - Articles

2015 Pennsylvania Farm Fatal Injury Summary

Douglas Schaufler, Ph.D., P.E.

Annual summaries of farm fatalities help identify hazards and risks associated with production agriculture. More
2010-2014 Pennsylvania Farm Fatalities Summary 2010-2014 Pennsylvania Farm Fatalities Summary - Articles

2010-2014 Pennsylvania Farm Fatalities Summary

Douglas Schaufler, Ph.D., P.E.

Summaries of farm fatalities and crash incidents involving farm vehicles help to identify hazards and risks associated with production agriculture. More
Never Too Early to Think Heat Abatement
Never Too Early to Think Heat Abatement - Articles Articles
Get ready for summer heat before it gets here, because we know it is coming. More
Are Your Cows Taking a Vacation?
Are Your Cows Taking a Vacation? - Articles Articles
Too much time away from their pen can cause a deficit in cows' daily time budget. More
Horse Stall Design
Horse Stall Design - Articles Articles

Horse Stall Design

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

The stall is the basic functional unit of a horse stable or shelter by providing a suitable environment for the horse and handler. More
Getting the manure out of a stall is only the beginning of manure management.
Horse Stable Manure Management - Articles Articles

Horse Stable Manure Management

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

A complete manure management system involves collection, storage (temporary or long term), and disposal or utilization. More
Examples of pull tube with pump for gas concentration detection.
Ammonia Monitoring in Barns Using Simple Instruments - Articles Articles

Ammonia Monitoring in Barns Using Simple Instruments

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

This article describes simple relatively-inexpensive instruments for detecting ammonia gas concentration in animal housing to assure proper air quality. More
Ventilation Improvements for Veal Calf Housing
Ventilation Improvements for Veal Calf Housing - Articles Articles

Ventilation Improvements for Veal Calf Housing

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

This article explains how adding a second and third large baffle inlet assembly to a 50-calf room can provide hot weather ventilation. More
Psychrometric Chart Use
Psychrometric Chart Use - Articles Articles

Psychrometric Chart Use

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

A psychrometric chart presents properties of air in a graphical format useful for troubleshooting greenhouse or livestock building environmental problems. More
Organic poultry house with sidewall eave and ceiling inlets.
Inlets for Mechanical Ventilation Systems in Animal Housing - Articles Articles
Properly designed and functioning ventilation inlet openings are key for achieving comfortable, fresh air conditions in farm animal housing. More
Farm Hazard Hunt Display
Farm Hazard Hunt Display - Articles Articles
This Demo will show many sources of farm hazards. Discussion of hazard prevention, developing a strategy to deal with potential hazards, and responding to injuries or fatalities from farm hazards. More
Silo Fire Decision Trees
Silo Fire Decision Trees - Articles Articles

Silo Fire Decision Trees

Davis E. Hill

Decision trees and recommendations for firefighters to address silo fires. More
Online Ventilation Tool
Online Ventilation Tool - Articles Articles
The online tool is designed so pit designer/field engineers can predict how confined-space manure storage needs to be ventilated before it is safe to enter. More
Tunnel Ventilation for Tie Stall Dairy Barns Tunnel Ventilation for Tie Stall Dairy Barns - Articles
Tunnel ventilation is a special summer system that provides a combination of high air exchange rates and high-speed air flow over cows to help remove body heat during hot weather. More
Restraint and Treatment Facilities for Dairy Animals
Restraint and Treatment Facilities for Dairy Animals - Articles Articles
Dairy animals must periodically be isolated and restrained for vaccinations, breeding, and examinations. Well-designed restraint facilities promote good calf, heifer, and cow care. More
Calf and Heifer Housing
Calf and Heifer Housing - Articles Articles
Good calf and heifer housing facilities can help provide well-grown replacement animals ready to enter the milking herd at 24 months of age. More
Figure 1. Space requirements for resting and rising dairy cow
Designing and Building Dairy Cattle Freestalls - Articles Articles

Designing and Building Dairy Cattle Freestalls

Dan McFarland, Robert Graves, Ph.D., P.E.

Freestalls (cubicles) provide dairy cows a clean, dry, comfortable resting space. Well-designed and properly maintained freestalls are a key component in a freestall housing system. More
Dairy Heifers
Dairy Heifer Production - Articles Articles

Dairy Heifer Production

Jud Heinrichs, Virginia A. Ishler, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

In most herds, dairy farmers replace 25 to 30 percent of the herd each year. These replacements represent a significant financial investment. More
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