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Determining Forage Quality: Understanding Feed Analysis
Determining Forage Quality: Understanding Feed Analysis - Articles Articles
Learn how to use feed analysis to determine forage quality, and exactly what feeding a high quality forage means. More
Louis Tedders, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org
Tarnished Plant Bug - Articles Articles
Plant bugs are a large, diverse family of insects that feed by sucking sap from plants, especially parts with high rates of cell division like buds and flowers. More
Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Snailcase Bagworm - Articles Articles
The snailcase bagworm is a moth (family Psychidae) that was accidentally introduced into the United States from Europe in the 1940s. More
J.L. Danet, INRA Centre de Recherches de Bordeaux, Bugwood.org
Potato Leafhopper on Woody Ornamentals - Articles Articles
The potato leafhopper has been noted on more than 200 host plants, many of which are ornamental plants. However, this insect is best known as a field crop pest. More
Pest Alert - Omnivorous Leafroller
Pest Alert - Omnivorous Leafroller - Articles Articles
The omnivorous leafroller has recently been confirmed in a greenhouse in Pennsylvania. Your assistance is needed in monitoring this pest indoors and outdoors in Pennsylvania. More
Garden Symphylan as a Pest of Field Crops
Garden Symphylan as a Pest of Field Crops - Articles Articles
The garden symphylan is an occasional but destructive pest of field crops. Symphylans are not insects, but are more closely related to centipedes and millipedes. More
Anyi Mazo-Vargas, University of Puerto Rico, Bugwood.org
Clover Root Curculio: A Pest of Alfalfa and Clover - Articles Articles
The clover root curculio is a common insect in Pennsylvania alfalfa and clover fields. More
Frank Peairs, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Potato Leafhopper on Alfalfa - Articles Articles
The potato leafhopper is the most destructive insect to alfalfa in Pennsylvania, causing average annual losses of approximately $15 million. More
Methods Used to Measure Forage and Ration Particle Size
Methods Used to Measure Forage and Ration Particle Size - Articles Articles
Particle size evaluation tools are described and demonstrated in a series of brief videos. More
Forage Quality Testing: Why, How, and Where
Forage Quality Testing: Why, How, and Where - Articles Articles

Forage Quality Testing: Why, How, and Where

Marvin Hall, Ph.D., Virginia A. Ishler

For nearly four decades, scientists have been refining the ability to test forages for quality. More
Pasture and Hay for Horses
Pasture and Hay for Horses - Articles Articles

Pasture and Hay for Horses

Marvin Hall, Ph.D., Pat M. Comerford

To minimize feed costs, it is important to keep horses healthy and feed them a balanced ration that meets their nutritional needs. More
Forage Facts
Forage Facts - Articles Articles

Forage Facts

Paul Craig

Survival and high production of an alfalfa stand begins with an understanding of root reserves. More
Forage Quality and Testing
Forage Quality and Testing - Articles Articles
Learn more about the importance of testing for forage quality. More
Winter Alfalfa Survival
Winter Alfalfa Survival - Articles Articles
Survival and high production of an alfalfa stand begins with an understanding of photosynthesis, carbohydrate production and root reserves. More
Gerald Holmes, California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo, Bugwood.org
Fall Forage Assessment - Articles Articles
There is time now to check out your alfalfa stands and predict what conditions the stands will be in next year. More
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Alfalfa Winter Injury - Articles Articles

Alfalfa Winter Injury

Paul Craig

Snow helps to insulate alfalfa crowns from fluctuating air temperatures. A layer of snow moderates growth and initiation of buds when air temperatures move into the mid 40’s. More
Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills
Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills - Articles Articles

Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, Ron Hoover

The seed delivery system in drills is not as precise as that used in planters because they use flutes or sponges to meter seed instead of seed singulation. More
Invasive Pigweeds: Palmer Amaranth and Waterhemp
Invasive Pigweeds: Palmer Amaranth and Waterhemp - Articles Articles

Invasive Pigweeds: Palmer Amaranth and Waterhemp

William S. Curran, Ph.D., Annie Klodd

Palmer amaranth is a species of pigweed that was recently introduced into PA and has been positively identified on more than 30 sites across the state. More
Guidelines for Weed Management in Roundup Ready Alfalfa
Guidelines for Weed Management in Roundup Ready Alfalfa - Articles Articles
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is an important perennial forage crop used around the world. Alfalfa is the fourth largest crop grown in the United States behind corn, soybeans, and wheat. More
Gerald Holmes, California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo, Bugwood.org
No-Till Alfalfa - Articles Articles

No-Till Alfalfa

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

No-till alfalfa should be part and parcel of a no-till system. More
Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania
Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Grazing alfalfa is not a new practice. Alfalfa has been grazed alone or in mixtures with grasses and other legumes since its introduction into the United States. More
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Alfalfa Frost Heaving: Assessing the Damage - Articles Articles
March is the time to scout for alfalfa frost heaving so that preparations can be made if the stand will need to be rotated out in spring. More
Alfalfa Weevil
Alfalfa Weevil - Articles Articles

Alfalfa Weevil

John Tooker, Ph.D.

Alfalfa weevil is one of the two most-damaging insect pests of alfalfa in Pennsylvania (the other is potato leafhopper). It is an exotic species that likely evolved in Asia, but appears to have been introduced to the U.S. at least three times. More
Gerald Holmes, California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo, Bugwood.org
Alfalfa Stand Assessment - Articles Articles

Alfalfa Stand Assessment

Jeffrey S Graybill

Should I maintain my alfalfa field? More
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