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The Fat in Different Dairy Products - Articles Articles
Learn about the impact milk fat has on human health and how it differs between various dairy products. More
Oats. Photo: E. Swackhamer
Cover Crop Considerations after Small Grain Harvest - Articles Articles

Cover Crop Considerations after Small Grain Harvest

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Planting a soil building cover crop after small grain harvest has many benefits, but needs to be tailored to your farm’s needs. More
Overgrazing pastures compromises pasture production and exposes the soil to erosion
Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures - Articles Articles

Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures

Justin Brackenrich, Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

The summer is upon us and cool season grasses are slowing down their growth. This is the time to pay attention so you don’t overgraze those pastures. More
Soil erosion is still taking its toll in Pennsylvania but can be addressed by using proper management
Eliminating Soil Erosion - Articles Articles

Eliminating Soil Erosion

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Soil erosion is still our number one sustainability issue. With the excessive rainfall we’ve had many fields are showing the scars of rills and gullies. And yet … We have the tools – so let’s put them to work. More
Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State Extension.
Managing Soil Compaction Caused by Small Grain Silage Harvest - Articles Articles
Small grain silage harvest can cause soil compaction when the soil is wet. This can have negative effects on the following corn crop. More
Hairy vetch, rye, annual ryegrass, and clover cover crop being grazed. Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State University
Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops - Articles Articles

Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Grazing has been largely excluded from our croplands but is receiving new interest as an additional profit center for farmers as well as a way to improve soil. More
Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State Extension.
Repairing Erosion Damage and Protecting Your Fields - Articles Articles

Repairing Erosion Damage and Protecting Your Fields

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Reports have come in about concentrated flow leading to rills and gully formation over the winter. How can you repair that and avoid it from happening again? More
Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State Extension.
Threat of ‘Incidental Transfer’ of Manure to Streams - Articles Articles
With soil profiles being fully recharged with water and future runoff, creates the threat of ‘incidental transfer’ of nutrients and dissolved organic carbon from surface applied manure to streams and sinkholes. More
Potential to Integrate Grazing into No-Till Systems
Potential to Integrate Grazing into No-Till Systems - Articles Articles

Potential to Integrate Grazing into No-Till Systems

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

This publication details rotating perennial pastures with annual crops, grazing cover crops, and grazing crop residue—all of which show promise to improve profit and soil health and increase diversity on crop farms. More
How quickly can you increase soil organic matter content?
Can I Increase Soil Organic Matter by 1% This Year? - Articles Articles

Can I Increase Soil Organic Matter by 1% This Year?

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Soil organic matter is a primary measure of soil health. It is important to monitor soil organic matter and try to increase it. But what is a realistic goal? More
Why Cows Don't Get Pregnant
Why Cows Don't Get Pregnant - Articles Articles

Why Cows Don't Get Pregnant

Andrew Sandeen

Dairy cows don't always conceive after the first insemination attempt. There are a variety of causes that may contribute to conception failure. More
Soil compaction at grain harvest and while grazing
Soil compaction at grain harvest and while grazing - Articles Articles

Soil compaction at grain harvest and while grazing

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Try to avoid soil compaction if you still have corn and soybeans to harvest, or if you graze animals. More
Photo credit: Andrew Sandeen
More Progesterone, Please - Articles Articles

More Progesterone, Please

Andrew Sandeen

Progesterone is essential for normal reproductive cycling; it inhibits estrus and controls follicle growth. But, some high-producing dairy cows have too little in circulation. More
Quick and Easy Worksheet for Assessing Traffic-Induced Soil Compaction Risk
Quick and Easy Worksheet for Assessing Traffic-Induced Soil Compaction Risk - Articles Articles
This worksheet gives you a simple, easy-to-use method for assessing the traffic-induced soil compaction risk posed by your field equipment. More
The ‘dweller’ dung beetle Sphaeridium scarabaeoides, a predator of fly larvae observed 4/21/17 in Tionesta, PA.
The Lowly Dung Beetle - Articles Articles

The Lowly Dung Beetle

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Learn about the important role these often forgotten insects play on your livestock farm. More
Soil Health in Field and Forage Crop Production
Soil Health in Field and Forage Crop Production - Articles Articles

Soil Health in Field and Forage Crop Production

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

This publication emphasizes the natural principles of the no-till system and discusses 14 management techniques for improving soil health. More
Soil Crusting
Soil Crusting - Articles Articles

Soil Crusting

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Reports have come in of emergence problems in soybean fields from soil crusting, which happens due to dispersion of soil particles, reorientation of dispersed particles, drying, and desiccation. More
Pennsylvania Soil Quality Assessment Worksheet
Pennsylvania Soil Quality Assessment Worksheet - Articles Articles

Pennsylvania Soil Quality Assessment Worksheet

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

This publication is intended to help agricultural producers, gardeners, and others assess the quality of their soil. More
Photo credit: Andrew Sandeen
Is 60 the Magic Number? - Articles Articles

Is 60 the Magic Number?

Andrew Sandeen

Factors to consider before shifting voluntary waiting period or dry period length. More
Crimson clover
Time to Plant Fall Cover Crops - Articles Articles

Time to Plant Fall Cover Crops

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

This is a golden opportunity for cover crop seedings. More
Predicting Pregnancy Loss
Predicting Pregnancy Loss - Articles Articles

Predicting Pregnancy Loss

Andrew Sandeen

Diagnosing pregnancy early identifies open cows and can help minimize days open and increase profitability, but losing confirmed pregnancies can be very frustrating. More
Signs of Rill Erosion in No-Till and Tilled Fields
Signs of Rill Erosion in No-Till and Tilled Fields - Articles Articles

Signs of Rill Erosion in No-Till and Tilled Fields

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Rill Erosion in No-Till and Tilled Fields-The snowmelt and rainstorm last week reminds us of how vulnerable our soils are. More
Food is a central part of life in every culture. And eating with others is meaningful. The foods may be different, such as this ugali (corn porridge) and dried fish from Tanzania, but the significance of eating together isn’t.
Making the Most of Cross-Cultural Encounters - Articles Articles
Understanding differences between cultures can provide helpful insight for situations encountered everywhere in our increasingly global society, including common encounters on U.S. farms. More
Dealing with the Stubborn Corpus Luteum (CL) During a Timed AI Program
Dealing with the Stubborn Corpus Luteum (CL) During a Timed AI Program - Articles Articles
Some of the latest, greatest timed artificial insemination (AI) protocols have become pretty complex, but not without valid reasons. More
Meters, Tubes and Coulters; Take Time for Planter Maintenance
Meters, Tubes and Coulters; Take Time for Planter Maintenance - Articles Articles
Many problems with no-till can often be traced back to poor planter performance. More
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