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Drip irrigation of bell peppers
Drip Irrigation for Vegetable Production - Articles Articles

Drip Irrigation for Vegetable Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Albert Jarrett, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D.

Drip or trickle irrigation is a very efficient method of applying water and nutrients to crops. More
Riego por goteo de pimientos.
Riego por Goteo para la Producción Vegetal - Articles Articles

Riego por Goteo para la Producción Vegetal

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Albert Jarrett, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D.

La irrigación o riego por goteo o chorreo es un método muy eficiente para la aplicación de agua y nutrientes para los cultivos. More
Keeping On-lot Wastewater Systems Healthy Keeping On-lot Wastewater Systems Healthy - Articles
Education and guidance for homeowners with on-lot wastewater disposal systems about how to keep their systems healthy. More
Hydraulic Load Test Hydraulic Load Test - Articles

Hydraulic Load Test

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

The Hydraulic Load Test is included as a component of the PSMA On-Lot Wastewater Inspection. More
Agricultural Water Needs and Sources Water Supply
Agricultural Water Needs and Sources Water Supply - Articles Articles
Information on the volume of water needed for various agricultural purposes. More
Site Evaluation for On-lot Sewage Systems Site Evaluation for On-lot Sewage Systems - Articles
Proper design and operation of an on-lot sewage system hinges on the ability of the soil to absorb and renovate the wastewater flowing from the treatment tank. More
Septic Tank Pumping Septic Tank Pumping - Articles

Septic Tank Pumping

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

Septic tanks should be inspected and pumped on a regular basis to prevent malfunctions. More
Wet Basements
Wet Basements - Articles Articles

Wet Basements

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

Understanding and correcting wet basements is a key topic for homeowners. More
Use of Dyes and Tracers to Confirm Septic System Failures Use of Dyes and Tracers to Confirm Septic System Failures - Articles
Commercially available dyes and tracers can be used where additional testing is needed to detect or confirm on-lot sewage disposal system malfunctions. More
On-Lot Wastewater Systems; The Basics On-Lot Wastewater Systems; The Basics - Articles

On-Lot Wastewater Systems; The Basics

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

The components and function of on-lot wastewater systems and the regulatory system governing their use is described. More
Septic Tank Exit Filters Septic Tank Exit Filters - Articles

Septic Tank Exit Filters

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

Adding a filter to the exit baffle of a septic tank serves as the final opportunity to capture and remove partially settled particles in the wastewater. More
PSMA On-lot Wastewater Treatment Inspection vs. A Regulatory Inspection PSMA On-lot Wastewater Treatment Inspection vs. A Regulatory Inspection - Articles
The local Sewage Enforcement Officer focuses on system malfunctions. The PSMA certified septic tank inspector focuses on the overall condition of your system. More
On-lot Wastewater Inspections During Real Estate Transactions On-lot Wastewater Inspections During Real Estate Transactions - Articles
The Pennsylvania Septage Management Association and the National Onsite Wastewater Education and Research Foundation have developed standards and procedures for on-lot wastewater system inspections. More
On-Lot Filtration and Advanced Treatment Units
On-Lot Filtration and Advanced Treatment Units - Articles Articles
There are many Filtration and Advanced treatment units (FATU's) approved for use in On-Lot Wastewater Systems in Pennsylvania. More
Individual Residential Spray Irrigation Systems (IRSIS) Individual Residential Spray Irrigation Systems (IRSIS) - Articles
The Individual Residential Spray Irrigation System was developed and is designed to treat wastewater for sites with certain restrictive soil conditions. More
Geotextile Sand Filter (GSF) On-Lot Systems
Geotextile Sand Filter (GSF) On-Lot Systems - Articles Articles
The Geotextile Sand Filter (GSF) on-lot sewage disposal system can be designed and installed on sites with restrictive soil conditions. More
Elevated Sand Mounds for On-lot Wastewater Treatment Elevated Sand Mounds for On-lot Wastewater Treatment - Articles
An elevated sand mound is a constructed mound of sandy fill material placed on top of the 20 to 60 inches of natural or prevailing soil. More
Figure 1. Cross-section through a Micro-Mound
Drip-Irrigation Micro-Mound - Articles Articles

Drip-Irrigation Micro-Mound

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

The Drip-Irrigation Micro-Mound On-Lot Wastewater System is a method of distributing treatment tank (septic or aerobic) effluent to the natural soil. More
Drip Irrigation On-lot Sewage Disposal System
Drip Irrigation On-lot Sewage Disposal System - Articles Articles
Drip Irrigation is an Alternate On-Lot Sewage Disposal System. More
Biomats
Biomats - Articles Articles

Biomats

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

A Biomat is a layer of partially decomposed organic waste often found on the bottom and sides of an absorption area’s trenches. This anaerobic condition prevents decomposition of waste. More
At-Grade and Shallow At-Grade On-Lot Systems
At-Grade and Shallow At-Grade On-Lot Systems - Articles Articles
At-Grade systems are an approved disposal method for on-lot wastewater in Pennsylvania. More
Aerobic Treatment Units Aerobic Treatment Units - Articles

Aerobic Treatment Units

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

Aerobic treatment units, also called activated sludge tanks, are a common method of biological treatment used in municipal wastewater treatment facilities. More
Selecting a Faircloth Skimmer
Selecting a Faircloth Skimmer - Articles Articles

Selecting a Faircloth Skimmer

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

A skimmer is a basin dewatering control device that withdraws water from near the basin’s water surface, removing the highest quality water from the basin for delivery to the uncontrolled environment. More
Infiltrating Stormwater
Infiltrating Stormwater - Articles Articles

Infiltrating Stormwater

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

Guidance to stormwater designers about assessing a potential stormwater infiltration site to determine the rate and volume of stormwater that can be expected to infiltrate into the soil. More
Creating an Infiltration Surface
Creating an Infiltration Surface - Articles Articles

Creating an Infiltration Surface

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

Information for contractors to properly build an infiltration surface; the soil surface where stormwater or wastewater is expected to enter the soil profile. More
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