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Cattle being finished on grass, photo by Dr. Jessica Williamson, Penn State Extension
Grass-fed Beef Production - Articles Articles

Grass-fed Beef Production

Tara L. Felix, Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., David Hartman

This article will clarify some of the production methods used to raise grass-fed beef. More
Adapted from John Herrick, Iowa State University, Extension Veterinarian
Cold Stress and Beef Cattle - Articles Articles
Be prepared to handle and transport cattle appropriately in cold weather. The cold, wet and wind of winter weather present a different set of challenges. More
Helping Realtors Understand On-Lot Wastewater Inspections
Helping Realtors Understand On-Lot Wastewater Inspections - Articles Articles
As part of the “home inspection” process, realtors need to understand who should conduct on-lot disposal system inspections and what outcomes to expect. More
Figure 1. Green roof profile schematic including materials typically included in construction.
Green Roofs for Stormwater - Articles Articles

Green Roofs for Stormwater

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

Guidance on how green roofs can be constructed and how they can be expected to contribute to solving stormwater problems. More
Rock Swale
Improving Stormwater Quality - Articles Articles

Improving Stormwater Quality

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

Various low impact development (LIDs) practices and how effective they are at reducing pollutants in stormwater. More
Controlling the Dewatering of Sedimentation Basins
Controlling the Dewatering of Sedimentation Basins - Articles Articles
Design criterion provided that can be used by engineers to properly size various dewatering control features used as part of the basin’s principal spillway. More
Creating an Infiltration Surface
Creating an Infiltration Surface - Articles Articles

Creating an Infiltration Surface

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

Information for contractors to properly build an infiltration surface; the soil surface where stormwater or wastewater is expected to enter the soil profile. More
Selecting a Faircloth Skimmer
Selecting a Faircloth Skimmer - Articles Articles

Selecting a Faircloth Skimmer

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

A skimmer is a basin dewatering control device that withdraws water from near the basin’s water surface, removing the highest quality water from the basin for delivery to the uncontrolled environment. More
Rainwater Cistern (image credit - Ecology Center on CC BY 2.0)
Cisterns for Capturing and Reusing Stormwater - Articles Articles
Guidance provided on how to develop effective runoff capture and reuse systems as part of a stormwater management plan. More
Infiltrating Stormwater
Infiltrating Stormwater - Articles Articles

Infiltrating Stormwater

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

Guidance to stormwater designers about assessing a potential stormwater infiltration site to determine the rate and volume of stormwater that can be expected to infiltrate into the soil. More
Figure 1. Typical bioretention cell.
Rain Gardens (BioRetention Cells) - a Stormwater BMP - Articles Articles
Design guidance provided for engineers and planners on how to properly develop a bioretention cell. More
Blooming multiflora rose in a pasture.
Multiflora Rose Control in Pastures - Articles Articles
The spread of multiflora rose in PA caused it to be designated as a noxious weed. Multiflora rose can be controlled but it takes considerable effort. More
Wet Basements
Wet Basements - Articles Articles

Wet Basements

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

Understanding and correcting wet basements is a key topic for homeowners. More
Drip irrigation of bell peppers
Drip Irrigation for Vegetable Production - Articles Articles

Drip Irrigation for Vegetable Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Albert Jarrett, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D.

Drip or trickle irrigation is a very efficient method of applying water and nutrients to crops. More
Riego por goteo de pimientos.
Riego por Goteo para la Producción Vegetal - Articles Articles

Riego por Goteo para la Producción Vegetal

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Albert Jarrett, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D.

La irrigación o riego por goteo o chorreo es un método muy eficiente para la aplicación de agua y nutrientes para los cultivos. More
Cattle flow through a Bud Box. Illustration from Dr. Craig Payne and Michele Proctor; University of Missouri Extension
Bud Boxes Gaining in Popularity for Cattle Handling - Articles Articles
Become familiar with the term "Bud Box"; it may change the way you work your cattle. More
Cattle grazing in the Bighorn National Forest. Picture shown with permission of Pearson Real Estate, Buffalo, WY.
Silvopasture Could Work on Your Farm - Articles Articles
Silvopasture is the integration of trees, livestock, and forage crops together on the same land to create dual income from timber and livestock. More
Feedlot steer experiencing heat stress. (Photo by Carl Dahlen, NDSU)
Heat Stress and Beef Cattle - Articles Articles
Cattle managers need to think about heat stress and how to mitigate it. It is better to do plan ahead than to react after the heat wave. More
Hydraulic Load Test Hydraulic Load Test - Articles

Hydraulic Load Test

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

The Hydraulic Load Test is included as a component of the PSMA On-Lot Wastewater Inspection. More
Septic Tank Exit Filters Septic Tank Exit Filters - Articles

Septic Tank Exit Filters

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

Adding a filter to the exit baffle of a septic tank serves as the final opportunity to capture and remove partially settled particles in the wastewater. More
On-Lot Filtration and Advanced Treatment Units
On-Lot Filtration and Advanced Treatment Units - Articles Articles
There are many Filtration and Advanced treatment units (FATU's) approved for use in On-Lot Wastewater Systems in Pennsylvania. More
Cattle graze cover crops in a field.
Cover Crops for Livestock Grazing - Articles Articles
Nutrient sequestration, weed suppression, improved soil health, and increased success with no-till are some of the reasons to use cover crops. More
Figure 1. Cross-section through a Micro-Mound
Drip-Irrigation Micro-Mound - Articles Articles

Drip-Irrigation Micro-Mound

Albert Jarrett, Ph.D.

The Drip-Irrigation Micro-Mound On-Lot Wastewater System is a method of distributing treatment tank (septic or aerobic) effluent to the natural soil. More
Geotextile Sand Filter (GSF) On-Lot Systems
Geotextile Sand Filter (GSF) On-Lot Systems - Articles Articles
The Geotextile Sand Filter (GSF) on-lot sewage disposal system can be designed and installed on sites with restrictive soil conditions. More
Agricultural Water Needs and Sources Water Supply
Agricultural Water Needs and Sources Water Supply - Articles Articles
Information on the volume of water needed for various agricultural purposes. More
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