Risk Assessment: Residues in Raw Milk

A checklist to determine the risk of antibiotic residues in raw milk.
Risk Assessment: Residues in Raw Milk - Articles


Biosecurity Risk Assessment - Residues
Check most appropriate boxLow RiskModerate RiskHigh Risk
Accurate and timely recordsTreatment protocols and withholding are written and followed by everyone.Most treatments are recorded, some withholding is based on memory.Few treatments are recorded, treated animals are withheld by memory
Care and use of pharmaceuticalsLabel or special veterinary instructions are followed as written.Label or veterinary instructions serve as guidelines but modifications are madePharmaceuticals are used as caretaker sees fit according to his/her previous ePharmaceuticals are used as caretaker sees fit according to his/her previous experience
Identification of treated animalsTreated animals have uniform well marked and visible means of identification, they are segregated as needed.Treated animals have differing means of identification. Not segregated but milked last or separate unit.Treated animals are identified by memory. Mixed in herd and same milker is used but rinsed.
Use and location of treatmentsDose and location of pharmaceuticals are proper in size and location.Dose and location vary due to assessment of caretaker, withholding extended.Dose and location are at convenience of caretaker, haphazard withholding.
Veterinary supervision of severely ill animals and pharmaceuticalsVeterinarian helped design tx protocols, advice on drug choices, euthanasia of severely ill animals.Veterinarian gives some advice on tx protocols. Caretaker often chooses drugs. Severely ill animals are sold asap.Veterinarian gives limited advice on drug choices. Severely ill animals are sold as long as transportation is available.