Parts of a Dairy Cow

4‐H Dairy Skills - 9‐year old

Basic tissues that make up a cow’s body:

  • Connective
  • Epithelium
  • Muscle
  • Nerve

Connective Tissue includes Ligaments that connect one bone to another bone and Tendons that connect a muscle to a bone.

Organ systems found in the body:

  • Circulatory
  • Respiratory
  • Integumentary
  • Nervous
  • Digestive
  • Endocrine
  • Reproductive
  • Skeletal
  • Muscular

Teeth: A cow has no upper front teeth. A mature dairy cow has 32 teeth.

The esophagus is the tube that connects the mouth to the rumen.

Approximately 400 pounds of blood are pumped through the udder to produce one pound of milk.

The major artery supplying blood to the udder is the external pudic artery.

The mature dairy cow produces 50 to 80 quarts of saliva per day.

Normal Stats for a Dairy Cow:

  • Temperatures: Calf – 102.5 degrees F. Adult Dairy Cow ‐ 101.5 degrees F.
  • Pulse Rate (cow) = 60 – 70 heart beats per minute
  • Respiratory Rate (cow) = 30 breaths per minute


  1. List the two parts of the back.

  2. List the five parts of the udder.

  3. List the five parts of the head.

  4. How many teeth doe a mature dairy cow have?
  5. What is the tissue that connects one bone to another bone?

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Parts of a Dairy Cow


Dairy Skills 9-year Old

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