Disease, Insect/Mite, and PGR Toolbox: Reentry and Preharvest Intervals

Listed below are pesticides used on tree fruits. Not all materials listed here are suggested in the spray schedules.
Disease, Insect/Mite, and PGR Toolbox: Reentry and Preharvest Intervals - Articles
Disease, Insect/Mite, and PGR Toolbox: Reentry and Preharvest Intervals

Table. Reentry (REI) and preharvest (PHI) or spray-to-harvest intervals.
Listed below are chemical materials sprayed on tree fruits. Not all materials listed here are suggested in the spray schedules. Pesticides used at the rates and times suggested should be within the legal residue tolerance at harvest. Pomace made from apples or pears sprayed according to these suggestions may contain illegal residues if used for animal feeds. Always check the label for the actual REI and PHI. Updated January 2018.

AntibioticsREI (hrs)PHI (days) ApplePHI (days) PearPHI (days) PeachPHI (days) NectarinePHI (days) ApricotPHI (days) CherryPHI (days) Plum
agricultural streptomycin125030
Agri-mycin 17 (streptomycin)125030
Blossom Protect4FB–LBFB–LB
FireLine (oxytetracycline)1260602121
FireWall (streptomycin)125030
Kasumin (kasugamycin)129090
Mycoshield (oxytetracycline)1260602121

FungicidesREI (hrs)PHI (days) ApplePHI (days) PearPHI (days) PeachPHI (days) NectarinePHI (days) ApricotPHI (days) CherryPHI (days) Plum
Adament12757511111
Aliette (bearing—pome fruit)121414
Aliette (nonbearing—pome fruit and stone fruit)12365365365365365365365
Aprovia123030
Bravo Weather Stik12SSSSSSSS (PH)SS
Bumper12000021
Cabrio120
Captana24–96000000
Cercobin48111111
Chlorothalonil 72012SSSSSSSS (PH)SS
Copperb
Double Nickel40000000
Elevate12000000
ferbam2477212147
Flint121414
Flint Extra12141411111
Fontelis12282800000
Gem 5001211111
Indar121400000
Inspire Super1214142222
lime sulfur48D–PF00000
Luna Experience121414141414
Luna Sensation12141411111
Luna Tranquility1272
mancozebc247777
Merivon120000000
Omega1228
Orius12000
Oso40000000
Ph-D40000000
Polyram2477
Pristine120000000
Procure1214141
Propimax12000021
Protocol4811111
Quash121414141414
Quintec1277777
Rally241400000
Regalia40000000
Rhyme12141477777
Ridomil (SD)48365365365365365365365
Rovral24aPFPFPFPFPF
Rubigan1230300 (PH)
Scala1272722d2d2d2d
Sercadis120
Serenade Opti40000000
Sovran123030
sulfur24LCeLCfLCLCLCLCLC
Syllit FL48P7777
Thiram247
Tilt12000021
Topguard12141477777
Topsin M481111111
Trionic121414
Vangard12002222g2
Vivando127777
Ziram48141414143014

Plant defense inducersREI (hrs)PHI (days) ApplePHI (days) PearPHI (days) PeachPHI (days) NectarinePHI (days) ApricotPHI (days) CherryPHI (days) Plum
Actigard1260
LifeGard400
Vacciplant40000000

Plant growth regulatorsREI (hrs)PHI (days) ApplePHI (days) PearPHI (days) PeachPHI (days) NectarinePHI (days) ApricotPHI (days) CherryPHI (days) Plum
Amid-Thin W48NENE
Apogee124520
Blush4NE
Exilis Plus1286
Falgro 4L400000
Fruitone L4822
GibGro 4LS400000
Harvista433
Kudos124520
MaxCel (bearing—apple and pear)128686
MaxCel (branching nonbearing trees)12365365365
Novagib 10L4NENE
Perlan4NE365365
PoMaxa4822
ProGibb 4%400000
ProGibb 40%407
Promalin (for branching)4NE365365365
Promalin (for fruit shape)4NE
ProVide4NE
ReTain12777777
RiteWay128686
SmartFresh24.5NE
TRE-HOLD A-11212DD
Typy (for fruit shape)12NE
Typy (for branching12NE365365365

Insecticides/miticidesREI (hrs)PHI (days) ApplePHI (days) PearPHI (days) PeachPHI (days) NectarinePHI (days) ApricotPHI (days) CherryPHI (days) Plum
Abacus1228282121212121
Abba 0.15EC1228282121212121
Acramite 50WS127733333
Actara1214–35h14–35h1414141414
Admire PRO127700077
Agree40000000
Agri-Flex963535
Agri-Mek 0.15EC1228282121212121
Altacor4551010101010
Ambush 25W12PFPB143
Apollo SC12452121212121
Apta121414141414
Arctic 3.2 EC12PFPB14143
Asana XL1221281414141414
Assail 30SG127777777
Avaunt1214281414141414
Aza-Direct40000000
Azatin XL40000000
Baythroid XL127777777
Belay127721
Beleaf 50 SG1221211414141414
Besiege2421211414141414
Biobit HP40000000
BioCover MLT40000000
Brigade 2 EC/WSB1214
Carbaryl 4L123333333
Carpovirusine400
Centaur WDG1214141414141414
chlorpyrifos 4E96PB/28PBPB/14iPB/14iPB/1421PB/21i
Closer127777777
Cyd-X400
Cyd-X HP400
Danitol 2.4EC24141433333
Declare2421211414141414
Delegate477111477
Deliver40000000
Delta Gold122121
Diazinon 50W9621j21j21j21j2121j21j
Dimate 4E24028
Dimethoate 4EC4828
Dimilin25W1214
Dipel40000000
Discipline1214
Dormant plus oil12DDDDDDD
Endigo ZC2435351414141414
Envidor 2SC127777777
Esteem 0.86EC/35WP1245451414141414
Entrust477111477
Exirel123333333
Gladiator1228282121212121
Imidan 70WP1681414141414—, 7k7
Intrepid 2F4141477777
JMS Stylet oil40000000
Kanemite 15SC1214147
Karate2421211414141414
Lambda-Cy2421211414141414
Lannate SP, LV72–9614741l
Leverage 2.7 SE127777777
Lorsban 75WG96PF—, 14m—, 14m—, 21m,n
Lorsban Advanced96PBoPB/14PB/14PB/21
Madex HP40000000
Malathion 5EC12–2417763
Malathion 812777
Malathion 5712–2417763
Malathion ULV121
Minecto1228282121212121
Mite-E-Oil40000000
Movento247777777
M-Pede12000000p0
Mustang Max1214141414141414
Nealta1277
Neemix 4.5120000000
Nexter12257773003007
Onager12282877777
Permethrin 3.2EC12PFPB14147
Perm-Up 3.2 EC, 25DF12PFPB14143
Portal XLO12141477777
Pounce 25WP12PFPB14143
Prey 1.6127700077
Proaxis2421211414141414
Proclaim12–481414
Provado 1.6F127700077
Rimon 0.83EC121488888
Scorpion1233
Sevin XLR123333333
Sivanto41414
Superior Spray Oil120000000
Surround WP40q0q0q0q0q0q0q
Tombstone127777777
Trilogy400BPHBPHBPHBPHBPH
Tundra EC1214
Vendex 50WP48141414141414
Venerate XC40000000
Voliam Flexi1235351414141414
Vydate L481414
Warhawk96PBPBD/14D/14D/21D
Warrior II2421211414141414
Yuma 4E96DDD/14D/14D/21D
Zeal 72WDG12141477777
Zoro12282821

Nematicides and fumigantsREI (hrs)PHI (days) ApplePHI (days) PearPHI (days) PeachPHI (days) NectarinePHI (days) ApricotPHI (days) CherryPHI (days) Plum
Basamid G1201 year1 year1 year1 year1 year1 year1 year
DiTera DF4
Telone (all formulations)120
Vapam HL120
Vydate L48

Key

  • --- No registration
  • 0-60 PHI
  • B Remove residue by brushing
  • BH Before harvest
  • BHP Before pit hardening (stone fruit)
  • D Dormant only
  • EC Early cover sprays
  • FB Full Bloom
  • HG 1/2 inch green
  • LB To late bloom
  • LC To late cover sprays
  • NE Not established
  • P To pink bud
  • PB Prebloom
  • PF To pedal fall
  • PH Postharvest
  • SC Second cover or 1/2 inch fruit diameter
  • SD Soil drench or spray
  • SF To shuck fall
  • SS To shuck split

a. Do not enter or allow worker entry into treated areas during the restricted entry interval of 48 hours for grapes. The restricted entry interval for all other WPS uses is 24 hours.
b. Copper restrictions vary with formulations and active ingredients. Read the label for the specific copper being applied.
c. Some equivalent products include Dithane, Manzate, and Penncozeb.
d. Do not make more than two applications of a Group 9 fungicide within 30 days of harvest.
e. Do not apply to sensitive apple varieties.
f. Do not apply to D’anjou pear.
g. Do not apply to sweet cherry.
h. 14-day PHI for Actara used at rate equal or less than 2.75 ounces per acre; 35-day PHI for use of more than 2.75 ounces per acre.
i. Exceptions are PTB and LPTB trunk-only sprays.
j. Only one dormant and one application per growing season are allowed.
k. Imidan is not registered for use on sweet cherries; up to seven days preharvest on tart cherries.
l. Lannate LV is not registered for use on nectarines.
m. Lorsban 75 WG can be applied directly to tree trunk for borer control on cherries (PHI is 21 days) and peach and nectarine (PHI is 14 days).
n. Lorsban is recommended for sour cherries only.
o. Lorsban Advanced and 50W can be used on apples as a direct trunk spray for the control of borers with a 28-day PHI.
p. Do not use M-Pede on sweet cherries when fruit are present.
q. To avoid Surround residue on fruit, it is recommended that applications be stopped in adequate time before harvest (see the label).

Source: Penn State Tree Fruit Production Guide