Plant Disease Identification and Control

Information on plant disease identification and control, including rot, freeze damage, rust, blight, mold, scales, bacteria, viruses, fungus, wilt, mildew, gall, mites, moths and cankers. Tips on integrated pest management and herbicide summaries.

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Downy mildew on pumpkin. Photo: Beth K. Gugino, Penn State
Vegetable Disease Updates: August 30, 2017 - Articles Articles
Within the past week, there have been three separate reports of downy mildew on jack-o-lantern pumpkin in eastern Virginia. More
Map of cucurbit downy mildew currently reported along the east coast as of 26 July 2017 (cdm.ipmpipe.org).
Vegetable Disease Updates for July 26, 2017 - News News
The rainy weather is not letting up and neither is downy mildew pressure. More
Map of cucurbit downy mildew currently reported along the east coast as of 30 June 2017 (cdm.ipmpipe.org).
Vegetable Disease Updates for June 30, 2017 - News News
Be on the lookout for diseases, as well as timber rot in high tunnel tomatoes, that spread in some of the recent rain events that moved across the Pennsylvania. More
Photo 1. Early symptom of orange rust. Photo: K. Demchak
Bramble Disease - Managing Orange Rust - Articles Articles

Bramble Disease - Managing Orange Rust

Kathy Demchak, mahfuzur rahman

Orange rust, Gymnoconia nitens, is a systemic disease, any plants propagated from infected plants will also be infected. More
Tomato-Potato Late Blight in the Home Garden
Tomato-Potato Late Blight in the Home Garden - Articles Articles
This article describes tomato-potato late blight, including symptoms; disease development, cycle, and management; and management after harvest. More
Bacterial Spot of Tomato: Biology and Management
Bacterial Spot of Tomato: Biology and Management - Articles Articles
Bacterial spot is becoming an increasingly devastating disease of tomato. The pathogen can directly damage the fruit, and severe foliar infection can lead to defoliation. More
Potato Cultivars Suggested for Pennsylvania and Resistance Characteristics
Potato Cultivars Suggested for Pennsylvania and Resistance Characteristics - Articles Articles
Host resistance is an important tool for managing diseases. Potato cultivars vary in susceptibility to common diseases including late blight, early blight and common scab. More
Early blight symptoms on potato leaf
Early Blight - Articles Articles

Early Blight

Beth K. Gugino, Ph.D.

Early blight is caused by the fungus Alternaria solani and is a common problem for potato growers. More
Tomato late blight. Photo credit Beth Gugino, Penn State Plant Pathology.
Plant Disease Basics - The Disease Triangle - Articles Articles
Disease management begins with the fundamental understanding the three factors must be present and interact for disease to develop. More
Source: Mary Ann Hansen, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Bugwood.org
Bramble Disease - Spur Blight - Articles Articles
Red and purple raspberries are more affected by spur blight, Didymella applanata, than black raspberries. Blackberries appear to be immune. More
Source: SCRI-Dundee , Scottish Crop Research Institute, Bugwood.org
Bramble Diseases - Viruses - Articles Articles
Virus diseases can seriously damage brambles, especially raspberries, and can affect the lifetime of a planting. More
Blueberry Diseases - Virus Control
Blueberry Diseases - Virus Control - Articles Articles
Blueberries are susceptible to a number of virus and virus-like diseases. More
Raspberry Mosaic Virus. Photo by K. Demchak.
Bramble Diseases - Virus Control - Articles Articles
Control measures for virus diseases in brambles are aimed mainly at removing sources of the virus from within and around the planting. More
Strawberry Disease - Verticillium Wilt
Strawberry Disease - Verticillium Wilt - Articles Articles
Verticillium wilt of strawberry, caused by the soilborne fungus Verticillium albo-atrum, infects more than 300 kinds of cultivated plants. More
Bramble Disease - Verticillium Wilt
Bramble Disease - Verticillium Wilt - Articles Articles
Verticillium wilt is caused by two common soilborne fungi (Verticillium dahliae and Verticillium albo-atrum) that have a wide host range and attack more than 300 woody and herbaceous plants. More
Source: SCRI-Dundee , Scottish Crop Research Institute, Bugwood.org
Strawberry Disease - Red Stele - Articles Articles
Red stele, or red core, Phytophthora fragariae, is the most serious disease of strawberry in areas with cool, moist soil conditions. More
Photo by Kathy Demchak.
Strawberry Disease - Powdery Mildew - Articles Articles
Powdery mildew, Sphaerotheca macularis, occurs on a wide range of hosts and almost everywhere the strawberry is grown. More
Source: André Bolay, St. Fédér. de Recherches Agronomiques de Changins, Bugwood.org
Raspberry Disease - Phytophthora Root Rot - Articles Articles
Phytophthora root rot, Phytophthora species, is now regarded as a major cause of declining red raspberry plantings. More
Source: Edward Beasley, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org
Blueberry Disease - Mummy Berry - Articles Articles
Mummy berry, Monilinia vaccinii-corymbosi, is the most serious and widespread disease of highbush, lowbush, and rabbiteye blueberries. It is most serious following moist, spring weather conditions. More
Source: Frank Louws, NCSU.
Strawberry Disease - Leather Rot - Articles Articles
Leather, or crown rot, Phytophthora cactorum, infection is favored by warm, wet weather and poorly drained soil. The fungus attacks berries in the field at all stages of growth. More
Source: Edward Sikora, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
Strawberry Disease - Leaf Spots - Articles Articles
A wide array of leaf spots infect strawberries, including birds-eye leaf spot, black leaf spot, septoria leaf spot, cercospora leaf spot, alternaria leaf spot, red spot, and angular leaf spot. More
Source: B. Martin. USDA-ARS Horticulture Crops Research Unit
Bramble Disease - Leaf Curl Virus - Articles Articles
Raspberries are affected more severely by leaf curl than are blackberries. More
Photo by Kathy Demchak.
Strawberry Disease - Gray Mold - Articles Articles
Gray mold, or botrytis blight, Botrytis cinerea, causes a greater loss of strawberry flowers and fruit than any other disease. It is found on green as well as ripening and harvested fruit. More
Ecological Disease Management
Ecological Disease Management - Articles Articles

Ecological Disease Management

Beth K. Gugino, Ph.D.

In order for a plant to become diseased three conditions must be met: a pathogen, a favorable environment where the pathogen can thrive, and a susceptible host. More
Source: K. Demchak.
Bramble Disease - Crumbly Berry - Articles Articles
Crumbly berry, also called raspberry bushy dwarf, is the most common bramble virus in the Mid-Atlantic region. It is caused by the tomato ringspot virus. More
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