Managing Tractor and Machinery Emergencies

This module is designed to teach emergency responders how to properly manage emergencies involving machinery entanglements in various settings.
Managing Tractor and Machinery Emergencies - Articles


Program Description and Needs

Tractors and machinery are involved in nearly 50% of farm deaths and disabling injuries so rural responders must be proficient in how to manage incidents involving this equipment whether on the farm or off. The principals learned in this module have application to typical machines used on the farm as well as in manufacturing industries so this module is applicable to non-rural emergency responders as well.

Participants will learn how to anticipate and control various forms of stored energy and develop rescue strategies from various types of machines. Emphasis will be placed on teamwork to achieve the best possible care for the patient and property that is involved in the incident. This operations/technical level training will teach emergency providers how to efficiently manage farm tractor and machinery related emergencies following NFPA 1670 Standard on Operations and Training for Technical Rescue Incidents.

Intended audience

emergency responders (fire, rescue, EMS).


You must be a member or employee in good standing of a first response agency or organization and have completed the basic training of that agency or organization in accordance with the AHJ. Proof of this is by signature of a chief officer of your agency or organization. You must also have taken Agricultural Emergencies-Awareness Level, IS-100.a: Introduction to the Incident Command System, IS-700.a: National Incident Management System (NIMS), Haz-Mat Operations level, Vehicle & Machinery Rescue Technician Level I (PA BVR-Operations) and CPR and First Aid or EMS certification. Copies of pre-requisite certificates must be provided prior to entry into the class.

PPE required

Fire Department turn out gear or sturdy work clothing consisting of trousers and long sleeve shirt or coveralls, hardhat, eye protection, work gloves, and steel toe shoes/boots.


16 hours of contact time consisting of 3 hours of classroom lecture/discussion; 3 hour of tabletop/small group activities and 10 hours of individual and group hands-on activities. Active participation is required. Contact time does not include class breaks or travel time.


Minimum of 10/Maximum of 30.

Local resources needed

  • Classroom facility to comfortably seat registered participants for first two hours and last half hour.
  • A minimum of three farm tractors: 1) a farm tractor to turn over*; 2) a tractor with a front-end loader to overturn the first tractor; 3) a tractor hooked to an implement with a PTO and hydraulics. The 2nd and 3rd tractors must be operational. A 4th tractor and 2nd implement can be used if a single implement cannot be found with both PTO and hydraulics.
  • A minimum of 5 straw or paper filled manikins: 4 that will be used for the extrication scenarios and one that will be destroyed by the PTO/Implement demonstration.
  • A minimum of three farm implements, all of which can be dismantled and or cut. The implements should have as many moving parts as possible and should not be severely rusted. At least two of the implements should have functional PTO shafts. These implements should be attached to operating tractors. A minimum of 4 straw or paper filled manikins that will be used for the extrication scenarios.
  • One oxygen cylinder for exothermec torch cutting
  • A medium or heavy rescue unit for each 15 students registered that is dedicated to this training exercise to supply appropriate tools/equipment for the practical portion of the class.

Con/Ed and certification

PA DOH has awarded 14 hours (8 hours med/trauma 6 hours other). All PAgricultural Rescue training courses are objective based. All participants successfully completing the training will receive a course completion certificate.