Integrated Pest Management (IPM) for Public Health

Fleas, ticks, flies, cockroaches, mosquitoes are all problematic from a health standpoint and should be managed in some way.
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) for Public Health - Articles


When using chemical tactics, be aware that pesticides themselves are toxic in various ways and can have negative health effects, even when used according to directions. If a pesticide must be used, it should be carefully chosen from available, legal products and properly used to avoid additional health problems.

Parents must be especially protective of children who are both more susceptible to diseases and potential negative effects of pesticides. Because childrens' bodies are still developing, they are more sensitive to toxins of all kinds. Also, they are smaller, so a lower dose can still affect them disproportionately. See the Children's Environmental Health Coalition for more on children's vulnerability and how to reduce health risks.