Since elderberries are only partially self-fruitful, plant at least two different varieties no more than 60 feet apart.
Adams #1 and Adams #2
The oldest varieties, which are vigorous and productive, with large fruit clusters and berries. They ripen in early September.
Also very vigorous, producing 10-foot canes on fertile soils. It ripens about 10 days earlier than the Adams varieties.
Yields berries with a higher sugar content than other varieties, although the bushes are somewhat smaller.
Has larger, sweeter berries than the Adams varieties. It also lacks the astringency of some varieties.
Productive and matures relatively late. Plants are large and vigorous.