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How Aerial Systems Work
How Aerial Systems Work - Articles Articles
Aerial tubing systems should set up so that at every step in the process the sap is flowing down hill or is under some sort of positive pressure. Dips in the line will reduce flow dramatically. More
Tubing System Installation
Tubing System Installation - Articles Articles

Tubing System Installation

Michael Jacobson, Ph.D.

Upgrading your sap collection method with the installation of a tubing system. More
from Russel Maple Farms
Artificial Vacuum - Articles Articles
To increase your sap flow from your aerial tubing system, consider adding an artificial vacuum to the system. More
Collecting Maple Sap: Buckets or Tubing Systems
Collecting Maple Sap: Buckets or Tubing Systems - Articles Articles
The traditional way of collecting maple sap to produce maple syrup is with buckets, while the more modern way is with tubing systems. More
Maple Syrup Terminology
Maple Syrup Terminology - Articles Articles

Maple Syrup Terminology

Michael Jacobson, Ph.D.

List of definitions of terms used in maple syrup production. More
Maple Syrup: Beginning Commercial Production
Maple Syrup: Beginning Commercial Production - Articles Articles
If you have spent a year or two as a hobbyist and decide you like sugaring, this page will allow you to "scale up" you operation to small-scale commercial. More
Maple Syrup: New Producers and Hobbyists
Maple Syrup: New Producers and Hobbyists - Articles Articles

Maple Syrup: New Producers and Hobbyists

Michael Jacobson, Ph.D.

A chance for first time sugarer to learn the basics. More
Ground System
Tubing System Types - Articles Articles

Tubing System Types

Michael Jacobson, Ph.D.

Utilization of tubing decreases the labor involved in sap collection and may allow a producer to spend time more efficiently. This article outlines the proper way to install a tubing system. More
Goldenseal photo - credits: Eric Burkhart
Goldenseal - Articles Articles

Goldenseal

Michael Jacobson, Ph.D., Eric Burkhart

Goldenseal is a botanical with a long production history. Its over-collection has reduced the population to dangerously low levels in many states. More
Thievery
Thievery - Articles Articles

Thievery

Michael Jacobson, Ph.D., Eric Burkhart

Ginseng and goldenseal are very valuable crops. A patch with only 50 plants might yield $200-$300 dollars at harvest. More
Ginseng in fruit. Credits: Eric Burkhart
American Ginseng - Articles Articles

American Ginseng

Eric Burkhart, Michael Jacobson, Ph.D.

Nontimber forest products, including American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.), have long been collected in Pennsylvania for food, medicine, income, and pleasure. More
Forest Moss
Forest Moss - Articles Articles

Forest Moss

JeriLynn (Jeri) E. Peck, Ph.D.

This article explores collecting forest mosses from logs, rocks, and the forest floor. More
Bark...The Issue Facing the World's Wooden Pallet Industry
Bark...The Issue Facing the World's Wooden Pallet Industry - Articles Articles
In 2002, countries came together in agreement to implement an international guideline for regulating wood packaging material for international shipments. More
Self-organizing Microtubule Networks in Cellulose Science
Self-organizing Microtubule Networks in Cellulose Science - Articles Articles
Have you ever heard of nanotechnology? Better yet, have you ever heard it with respect to wood science, and wondered why? More
Global Economics and Lumber Prices in 2011
Global Economics and Lumber Prices in 2011 - Articles Articles

Global Economics and Lumber Prices in 2011

Charles David Ray, Ph.D.

Lumber markets seem headed up as China ramps up its consumption of the world's lumber supply. But other factors may prevent that. More
Biomass harvest in Austria, one year later...
Energy as a Tool in Forest Improvement - Articles Articles

Energy as a Tool in Forest Improvement

Charles David Ray, Ph.D.

In June 2008 Penn State administered and financially supported a collaboration of stakeholders to visit, tour, and analyze Austrian bioenergy efforts. More
Maple Syrup Production
Maple Syrup Production - Articles Articles

Maple Syrup Production

Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Robert Hansen

The production of maple syrup requires access to suitable woodland and many hours of labor within a short season. More
Energy from Trees!
Energy from Trees! - Articles Articles

Energy from Trees!

Charles David Ray, Ph.D.

Pennsylvania’s forests are rich in potential bioenergy from small-diameter trees that are overcrowded and under-utilized. More
Jamie and Laura White
Going Green with a Black Locust Deck - Articles Articles

Going Green with a Black Locust Deck

Charles David Ray, Ph.D.

This article explores the possibility of using black locust for construction and decking, because the wood is naturally very insect- and rot-resistant. More
Big logs, small logs...which is better?
The Truth about Sawmill Over-Run - Articles Articles

The Truth about Sawmill Over-Run

Charles David Ray, Ph.D.

The sawmill industry today faces many challenges but there seemingly will always be demand for softwood and hardwood lumber. More
Survival of the Fittest in the Wood Products Industry
Survival of the Fittest in the Wood Products Industry - Articles Articles
The reality is that the wood products industry is getting smaller. This article provides advice on how to remain a viable company. More
Girl in forest throws paper airplane
From the Woods: Paper! - Articles Articles

From the Woods: Paper!

Sanford S. Smith, Ph.D., James Finley, Ph.D., Lee Stover

Why is paper important? This article explores the history of paper and how it is made today. It is part of an educational series for youth. More
Hardwood veneer sheets
From the Woods: Hardwood Veneer - Articles Articles

From the Woods: Hardwood Veneer

Sanford S. Smith, Ph.D., Robert Hansen, Lee Stover

Hardwood veneer is a very thin layer of wood sliced or peeled from a hardwood log and is made from the "highest quality" logs. More
Girl stands in front of huge pile of cut logs
From the Woods: Hardwood Lumber - Articles Articles

From the Woods: Hardwood Lumber

Sanford S. Smith, Ph.D.

This article explains the difference between hardwoods and softwoods, covers the process of making lumber. It is part of an educational series for youth. More
Sugar maple sap is made into maple syrup in a sugarhouse.
From the Woods: Maple Syrup, A Taste of Nature - Articles Articles
This article explains how Pennsylvania's maple syrup makers create their product, from the seed of the maple to your table. More