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Basic Procedures for Agaricus Mushroom Growing
Basic Procedures for Agaricus Mushroom Growing - Articles Articles
In spite of some articles that say mushrooms can be grown in any dark hole or building, successful commercial mushroom growing requires special houses equipped with ventilation systems. More
Seeding Substrate and Management of Growing Agaricus Bisporus
Seeding Substrate and Management of Growing Agaricus Bisporus - Articles Articles
This article provides basic information on seeding substrate and management of the vegetative stage of growing the commercial mushroom, Agaricus bisporus. More
What is a Disinfectant or Sanitizer?
What is a Disinfectant or Sanitizer? - Articles Articles

What is a Disinfectant or Sanitizer?

David Meigs Beyer, Ph.D.

Since mushroom growers often refer to disinfectants and sanitizers interchangeably, which is understandable, let’s clarify some terms. More
Nematode (Rhabditis sp.)
Nematodes in Commercial Mushroom Production - Articles Articles
Parasitic and saprophytic species of nematodes associated with commercial mushroom growing are routine inhabitants of most agricultural soils. More
Scarid Fly
Sciarid Fly in Commercial Mushroom Production - Articles Articles
Sciarid flies, Lycoriella mali, have been the most devastating insect in the Pennsylvania mushroom industry, at least since September of 1979. More
Figure 1
Bacterial Blotch Disease - Articles Articles

Bacterial Blotch Disease

David Meigs Beyer, Ph.D.

Bacterial blotch may be endemic on mushroom farms, damaging mushroom quality and posing a potential yield loss. More
Green Mold of Mushrooms
Green Mold of Mushrooms - Articles Articles

Green Mold of Mushrooms

David Meigs Beyer, Ph.D.

Green mold is characterized by dense white mycelial growth followed by extensive green sporulation of the fungus. More
Impact of the Mushroom Industry on the Environment
Impact of the Mushroom Industry on the Environment - Articles Articles
Growers must use the mushroom's ability to consume organic materials discarded by man, to help control pollution in modern society. More
Figure 1. Drain plugs must be sealed. Photo: PA Mushroom IPM Handbook
IPM in Mushroom Production: Exclusion Techniques for Pest Control - Articles Articles

IPM in Mushroom Production: Exclusion Techniques for Pest Control

Maria Gorgo-Gourovitch, David Meigs Beyer, Ph.D., John A. Pecchia, Ph.D.

Exclusion prevents the entrance of pest organisms into new rooms and their escape from older ones. The latter should not be underestimated. More
Where can I use What Disinfectants in Mushroom Production?
Where can I use What Disinfectants in Mushroom Production? - Articles Articles
Food contact surfaces are different than general sanitation (GS) areas on a mushroom farm and may not necessarily be approved for use on any FCS. More
Figure 1. Mushroom infected with Verticillium dry bubble showing the mass of tissue symptoms.
Verticillium Dry Bubble - Articles Articles

Verticillium Dry Bubble

David Meigs Beyer, Ph.D.

This article is designed to be a constructive review of Verticillium Dry Bubble, the most common fungal disease of the commercial mushroom Agaricus bisporus. More
Substrate Preparation for White Button Mushrooms
Substrate Preparation for White Button Mushrooms - Articles Articles
A few practical tips on Phase I and Phase II substrate (compost), and the substrate preparation (composting) process, and formulating mushroom compost. More
Spent Mushroom Substrate
Spent Mushroom Substrate - Articles Articles

Spent Mushroom Substrate

David Meigs Beyer, Ph.D.

Spent mushroom substrate is the soil-like material remaining after a crop of mushrooms. Spent substrate is high in organic matter making it desirable for use as a soil amendment or soil conditioner. More
Spawning to Casing in Commercial Mushroom Production
Spawning to Casing in Commercial Mushroom Production - Articles Articles
This article is an updated revision from a chapter originally published in the Penn State Handbook for Commercial Mushroom Growers (Wuest & Bengston 1982). More
Six Steps to Mushroom Farming
Six Steps to Mushroom Farming - Articles Articles

Six Steps to Mushroom Farming

David Meigs Beyer, Ph.D.

Mushroom farming consists of six steps, and although the divisions are somewhat arbitrary, these steps identify what is needed to form a production system. More
Cultivation of Oyster Mushrooms
Cultivation of Oyster Mushrooms - Articles Articles

Cultivation of Oyster Mushrooms

David Meigs Beyer, Ph.D.

Oyster mushroom production is on the increase in the United States. This article details the cultivation of oyster mushrooms from spawn to postharvest handling and marketing. More
Identifying mushrooms just isn’t as easy as matching the mushroom to a picture in a book. Photo: Emelie Swackhamer
Identifying Mushrooms - Articles Articles

Identifying Mushrooms

Emelie Swackhamer

Identifying mushrooms is complicated and not easy to do. More
Growing Mushrooms - Microbial Activity in Substrate
Growing Mushrooms - Microbial Activity in Substrate - Articles Articles
To begin a review about Phase II composting first we should think about the organism we are trying to grow and why it has such a finicky food source. More
Impact of FDA Produce Safety Standards on Mushroom Substrate Composting Impact of FDA Produce Safety Standards on Mushroom Substrate Composting - Articles
Under the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), mushroom producers must recognize potential food safety hazards in their operations and establish control measures to prevent them from occurring. More
Food is a central part of life in every culture. And eating with others is meaningful. The foods may be different, such as this ugali (corn porridge) and dried fish from Tanzania, but the significance of eating together isn’t.
Making the Most of Cross-Cultural Encounters - Articles Articles
Understanding differences between cultures can provide helpful insight for situations encountered everywhere in our increasingly global society, including common encounters on U.S. farms. More