Sustainable Agriculture

Information on sustainable agriculture of fruit crops, including protecting and encouraging native bees to pollinate orchards and the Young Grower Alliance. Tips on IPM and a field guide to tree fruit disorders, pests and beneficials.

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Orchard IPM - Field Guide to Tree Fruit Disorders, Pests, and Beneficials
Orchard IPM - Field Guide to Tree Fruit Disorders, Pests, and Beneficials - News News
This Penn State Extension publication, in Spanish and English, is designed for use by orchard employees - often the first individuals to detect a new occurrence of a fruit disease or insect pest. More
The Science of GMOs
The Science of GMOs - Webinars Webinars

The Science of GMOs

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1 hour, 30 minutes

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View this informational program on the Science of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs). Learn why GMOs were developed and if they are safe for people and the environment. More
Tracking the Health of Feral Honey Bees in Pennsylvania
Tracking the Health of Feral Honey Bees in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles
Dr. Margarita M. López-Uribe is leading a project to map feral bees and analyze their immune systems. If you are aware of an unmanaged honeybee colony, please let us know. More
Specialty Crop Tour
Young Grower Alliance offers educational opportunities for young fruit growers taking over the family operation, developing a new enterprise, or innovating production practices. More
Photo credit Mary Ann Frazier, Penn State Extension.
Who are Our Pollinators? - Articles Articles

Who are Our Pollinators?

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Krishona Martinson

Approximately three quarters of our major food crops are pollinated. Here we will look at how wild bees provide insurance against ongoing honey bee losses. More
Small Striped Bee (Halictus). Photo USGS Bee Inventory.
What Can We Do to Encourage Native Bees? - Articles Articles

What Can We Do to Encourage Native Bees?

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Pollinators need a diverse, abundant food source and a place to build their nests and rear their young. If we keep these two elements in mind we can encourage native bee populations. More
Varroa mite parasitizing bee. Thought to be one of the major factors contributing to hive losses. Photo Alex Wild.
Pollinator Declines - Articles Articles

Pollinator Declines

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Domestic honey bees hives are down by 59% compared to 60 years ago with rapid declines over the last forty years. The populations of some native bee species may also be declining. More
Osmia cornifrons on an apple blossom. Photo: David Biddinger
Orchard Pollination: Solitary (Mason) Bees - Articles Articles
Growers of bee-pollinated crops, particularly apples, may be interested in the possible use of solitary bees as pollinators. More
Orchard Site Preparation: Bio-renovation
Orchard Site Preparation: Bio-renovation - Videos Videos

Orchard Site Preparation: Bio-renovation

Tara Baugher, Tianna DuPont

5:54

Before establishing a new orchard block, carefully assess all the factors that will affect fruit quality, production efficiency, and orchard sustainability. More
Pheromone lure for mating disruption.
Orchard IPM - Using Pheromones for Monitoring and Mating Disruption - Articles Articles
A pheromone is a chemical messenger produced naturally by an organism. When detected by a second individual of the same species, it affects that individual's behavior. More
Orchard IPM - Management of Codling Moth with a MC Granulovirus
Orchard IPM - Management of Codling Moth with a MC Granulovirus - Articles Articles
Many apple growers in Pennsylvania continue to do battle with the internal fruit feeding pest complex, the codling moth (CM) Cydia pomonella, and the Oriental fruit moth (OFM) Grapholita molesta. More
Orchard IPM - Scouting
Orchard IPM - Scouting - Videos Videos

Orchard IPM - Scouting

Tara Baugher, Kari A. Peter, Ph.D., Dave Biddinger, Ph.D.

8:35

In this short video, you will learn some basic orchard scouting principles for a common disease – apple scab – and also mite pests and beneficials. More
Fruit diameter and seed set in crabapples associated with various pollinators
Orchard Pollination - The Role of Pollen Bees - Articles Articles
Wild and managed non-honey bee species have long supplemented honeybee pollination in fruit orchards. More
Farm energy audits are useful in determining where to improve energy efficiency.
Tree Fruit Production - Saving Energy - Articles Articles
In tree fruit production, refrigeration is the dominate use of electricity, while engine fuel accounts for the majority of all energy consumed. More
Orchard IPM - Scouting Report Form for Apple Scab
Orchard IPM - Scouting Report Form for Apple Scab - Articles Articles
Standard form for reporting apple scab in your orchard. More
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