Sustainable Agriculture

Information on sustainable agriculture of fruit crops, including protecting and encouraging native bees to pollinate orchards and the Young Grower Alliance. Tips on IPM and a field guide to tree fruit disorders, pests and beneficials.

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Atracción de feromonas para la interrupción de apareamiento.
MIP – Uso de Feromonas para Controlar y Contrarrestar el Apareamiento - Articles Articles
Una feromona es un mensajero químico producido naturalmente por un organismo. Cuando es detectado por un segundo individuo de la misma especie, afecta el comportamiento de ese individuo. More
Ácaro depredador atacando a un ácaro rojo europeo. Foto cortesía del Dr. David Biddinger
MIP – Control Biológico del Ácaro Rojo Europeo - Articles Articles

MIP – Control Biológico del Ácaro Rojo Europeo

Dave Biddinger, Ph.D., Tara Baugher, Montserrat Fonseca Estrada, Tianna Dupont

Las infestaciones de ácaros rojos pueden dar como resultado fruta más pequeña y reducción de la floración en la siguiente temporada. More
Preparación del sitio para un plantío “Modelo del futuro” en el Condado Adams, PA. Foto: Tara Baugher
Siembra de Sudangrass Después de la Eliminación del Huerto - Articles Articles

Siembra de Sudangrass Después de la Eliminación del Huerto

Tara Baugher, Montserrat Fonseca Estrada

En las parcelas comerciales, hemos aprendiendo que el sudangrass es un excelente primer paso para el éxito al replantar si recientemente sacó un bloque de árboles frutales viejos. More
Modelos Para Futuras Parcelas: Plantar Después de la Biorremediación
Modelos Para Futuras Parcelas: Plantar Después de la Biorremediación - Articles Articles

Modelos Para Futuras Parcelas: Plantar Después de la Biorremediación

Tara Baugher, Megan Chawner, Montserrat Fonseca Estrada

Penn State Extension se asocia con productores en un proyecto llamado "Modelos para el futuro" para brindar demostraciones en huertas a agricultores nuevos, jóvenes y de minorías. More
Comience a Cultivar - "Modelos para el Futuro" Aulas Vivas
Comience a Cultivar - "Modelos para el Futuro" Aulas Vivas - Articles Articles

Comience a Cultivar - "Modelos para el Futuro" Aulas Vivas

Tara Baugher, Montserrat Fonseca Estrada

Penn State Extension se asoció con siete productores del Estado de Pensilvania para brindar demostraciones en granjas a agricultores nuevos, jóvenes y de minorías. More
Orchard IPM - Field Guide to Tree Fruit Disorders, Pests, and Beneficials
Orchard IPM - Field Guide to Tree Fruit Disorders, Pests, and Beneficials - News News
This Penn State Extension publication, in Spanish and English, is designed for use by orchard employees - often the first individuals to detect a new occurrence of a fruit disease or insect pest. More
The Science of GMOs
The Science of GMOs - Webinars Webinars

The Science of GMOs

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View this informational program on the Science of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs). Learn why GMOs were developed and if they are safe for people and the environment. More
Tracking the Health of Feral Honey Bees in Pennsylvania
Tracking the Health of Feral Honey Bees in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles
Dr. Margarita M. López-Uribe is leading a project to map feral bees and analyze their immune systems. If you are aware of an unmanaged honeybee colony, please let us know. More
Specialty Crop Tour
Young Grower Alliance offers educational opportunities for young fruit growers taking over the family operation, developing a new enterprise, or innovating production practices. More
Photo credit Mary Ann Frazier, Penn State Extension.
Who are Our Pollinators? - Articles Articles

Who are Our Pollinators?

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Krishona Martinson

Approximately three quarters of our major food crops are pollinated. Here we will look at how wild bees provide insurance against ongoing honey bee losses. More
Small Striped Bee (Halictus). Photo USGS Bee Inventory.
What Can We Do to Encourage Native Bees? - Articles Articles

What Can We Do to Encourage Native Bees?

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Pollinators need a diverse, abundant food source and a place to build their nests and rear their young. If we keep these two elements in mind we can encourage native bee populations. More
Varroa mite parasitizing bee. Thought to be one of the major factors contributing to hive losses. Photo Alex Wild.
Pollinator Declines - Articles Articles

Pollinator Declines

Christina Grozinger, Ph.D., Shelby Fleischer, Ph.D., Tianna DuPont

Domestic honey bees hives are down by 59% compared to 60 years ago with rapid declines over the last forty years. The populations of some native bee species may also be declining. More
Osmia cornifrons on an apple blossom. Photo: David Biddinger
Orchard Pollination: Solitary (Mason) Bees - Articles Articles
Growers of bee-pollinated crops, particularly apples, may be interested in the possible use of solitary bees as pollinators. More
Orchard Site Preparation: Bio-renovation
Orchard Site Preparation: Bio-renovation - Videos Videos

Orchard Site Preparation: Bio-renovation

Tara Baugher, Tianna DuPont

5:54

Before establishing a new orchard block, carefully assess all the factors that will affect fruit quality, production efficiency, and orchard sustainability. More
Pheromone lure for mating disruption.
Orchard IPM - Using Pheromones for Monitoring and Mating Disruption - Articles Articles
A pheromone is a chemical messenger produced naturally by an organism. When detected by a second individual of the same species, it affects that individual's behavior. More
Orchard IPM - Scouting
Orchard IPM - Scouting - Videos Videos

Orchard IPM - Scouting

Tara Baugher, Kari A. Peter, Ph.D., Dave Biddinger, Ph.D.

8:35

In this short video, you will learn some basic orchard scouting principles for a common disease – apple scab – and also mite pests and beneficials. More
Fruit diameter and seed set in crabapples associated with various pollinators
Orchard Pollination - The Role of Pollen Bees - Articles Articles
Wild and managed non-honey bee species have long supplemented honeybee pollination in fruit orchards. More
Farm energy audits are useful in determining where to improve energy efficiency.
Tree Fruit Production - Saving Energy - Articles Articles
In tree fruit production, refrigeration is the dominate use of electricity, while engine fuel accounts for the majority of all energy consumed. More
Orchard IPM - Scouting Report Form for Apple Scab
Orchard IPM - Scouting Report Form for Apple Scab - Articles Articles
Standard form for reporting apple scab in your orchard. More
Upper left - early scab infection on bottom surface of leaf; upper right - late season scab with top surface lesions; lower left - early scab on fruit; lower right - late season scab.
Orchard IPM - Scouting for Apple Scab - Articles Articles
Apple scab (Venturia inaequalis) is a disease of major importance in the mid-Atlantic region. More
Growers dependent on honey bees must constantly maintain a delicate balance between protecting their crops from pests and pathogens and protecting pollinators.
Orchard IPM - Protecting Honey Bees - Articles Articles

Orchard IPM - Protecting Honey Bees

Dave Biddinger, Ph.D.

European honey bees are the primary managed pollinators in orchards because their abundance can be managed from year to year. More
Producción de la Fruta y Control de Los “Pests” - El Ecosistema de la Huerta
Producción de la Fruta y Control de Los “Pests” - El Ecosistema de la Huerta - Articles Articles
La producción de la fruta es proceso complejo con muchos variables que deben estar manejado bien para producir la fruta más bien. More
Green lacewing eggs are laid on the tips of long, white, hair-like stalks to prevent cannibalism. The larvae (called aphid lions) are generalist predators of mites, thrips, soft scales, and almost any other soft-bodied prey.
Orchard IPM - Natural Enemies/Biological Control in Orchards - Articles Articles
Biological control of pest species by predators, parasitoids, and pathogens has been a cornerstone of IPM since its inception. More
El manejo de plagas equilibra el trabajo físico y mental: buscando la presencia de insectos y daños y formular un plan integral para el control. Explorar diferentes secciones de sus propiedades cada semana para ajustar sus pesticidas.
MIP: Manejo Integral de Plagas - Articles Articles

MIP: Manejo Integral de Plagas

Montserrat Fonseca Estrada

A la estrategia moderna para controlar plagas se le refiere como el manejo integrado de plagas (MIP). More
Late season feeding usually causes depressions on the fruit surface and the appearance of necrotic tissue (corking) just below the fruit surface. Late season feeding injury is often confused with "cork spot," which is caused by calcium deficiency.
Orchard IPM - Maintaining its Integrity while Battling the BMSB - Articles Articles
This article provides research-based information from Penn State entomologists to help you monitor and manage this exotic insect pest. More
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