Soil Fertility and Management

Information on soil fertility and management of fruit crops, including determining orchard nutrition needs and soil quality and health. Tips on pest management and access to a calcium rate calculator.

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Excessive vigor from high nitrogen applications. Photo: Rob Crassweller, Penn State
Orchard Nutrition: How Do You Know What Fertilizers You Need? - News News
We are now into the main portion of the growing season for our tree fruits and over the hump of the early season pests and disease problems. Therefore, you can relax until harvest – right? More
Ambrosia fruit. Photo: R. Crassweller, Penn State
Orchard Nutrition: Determining Orchard Fertility Needs - Articles Articles
The Mid-Atlantic region is blessed with an abundant supply of good fertile soils that can produce high quality deciduous fruit. More
Nitrogen deficiency symptoms on peach, which can be prevented by leaf analysis and block-specific fertilization.
Orchard Nutrition: An Overview - Articles Articles

Orchard Nutrition: An Overview

Robert Crassweller, Ph.D.

Nutritional requirements of fruit trees differ from those of agronomic crops, cover crops, and orchard sod. More
congerdesign /
Blueberry Growers School - Workshops Workshops
An all-day school for both current and prospective blueberry growers eager to learn more about producing a healthy and profitable crop. More
Closely mowed row middles make it easier for predators to see and catch any potential rodents. Photo: Rob Crassweller
Orchard IPM - Postharvest Management Practices - Articles Articles
After you have completed harvest, take time for strategic management of weeds, wildlife and tree nutrient levels. More
Moldboard plowing, shown here, is a type of primary tillage. Photo courtesy of Penn State Extension
Introduction to Soils: Managing Soils - Articles Articles
This article provides information on how different soil management practices affect soil quality and crop production. More
Collecting a soil sample to measure soil quality. Photo courtesy of Penn State Extension.
Introduction to Soils: Soil Quality - Articles Articles
Soil quality is how well soil does what we want it to do. A healthy, high-quality soil is fertile, has good soil structure, and is biologically active. More
Recolección de una muestra para análisis de suelo. Foto cortesiá de Penn State Extension
Introducción a los Suelos: La Calidad de los Suelos - Articles Articles
La calidad del suelo es lo bien que el suelo hace lo que queremos que haga. Un suelo sano y de alta calidad es fértil, tiene buena estructura del suelo y es biológicamente activo. More
Orchard Nutrition - Fertility Checkup Time
Orchard Nutrition - Fertility Checkup Time - Articles Articles

Orchard Nutrition - Fertility Checkup Time

Robert Crassweller, Ph.D.

Nutritional analysis of fruit trees should be an ongoing practice in your orchards. More
Dealing with High Soluble Salt Levels in High Tunnels
Dealing with High Soluble Salt Levels in High Tunnels - Articles Articles
Some growers have expressed concern about soil test analysis revealing abnormally high soluble salt levels in the soils of their high tunnels. This article outlines past studies and recommendations. More
Soil Health: Soil Physical Properties
Soil Health: Soil Physical Properties - Videos Videos

Soil Health: Soil Physical Properties

Marley E Skinner, Megan Chawner, Tianna DuPont


Here we talk about some of the physical properties of soil including organic matter, aggregate stability, water infiltration and compaction. More
Tree Fruit Production Guide 2018-2019
Tree Fruit Production Guide 2018-2019 - Guides and Publications Guides and Publications

Tree Fruit Production Guide 2018-2019

Kari A. Peter, Ph.D., Robert Crassweller, Ph.D., Grzegorz (Greg) Krawczyk, Ph.D.


From: $15.00

To: $45.00

Get the most up-to-date information on growing tree fruit on a commercial scale. More
Soils - Articles Articles
Your soils and soil structure may determine the crops you can produce. More
Windrow composting - the most commonly-used and labor-intenstive composting method
Compost: How to Make it and How Much to Use - Articles Articles

Compost: How to Make it and How Much to Use

Andrew Frankenfield, Alison Grantham

Here we share the benefits and drawbacks of 4 compost production methods, as well as 6 straightforward tips for using compost. More
Photo: Tara Baugher
Orchard Nutrition - Calcium Rate Calculator for Individual Product Comparisons - Tools and Apps Tools and Apps
A calculator to allow you to make individual comparisons of calcium products. More
Wine Grape Production
Wine Grape Production - Articles Articles

Wine Grape Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

Grapes are produced in many areas throughout the Commonwealth and lend themselves well to small-scale and part-time farming operations. More
Photo credit: Steve Culman
Soil Quality Information - Articles Articles
Healthy soils yield healthy crops, But what is healthy soil and how do we achieve it? More
Web Soil Survey Screen
Web Soil Survey: A Valuable Source of Information for New and Not So New Farmers - Articles Articles
Check the soil map before you do anything to ensure you are planting a crop that is appropriate for the soil type you have. More