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Beef cows grazing switchgrass/big bluestem/indiangrass mix in summer. Credit: S. Duiker
Extending the Grazing Season with Plant Diversity - Articles Articles

Extending the Grazing Season with Plant Diversity

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

By developing a grazing plan that integrates cool-season perennials with warm- and cool-season annuals and warm-season perennials, graziers can significantly extend the grazing season while both avoiding overgrazing and maintaining soil health. More
Research Spotlight: Bale Density Effects on Baleage Quality
Research Spotlight: Bale Density Effects on Baleage Quality - Articles Articles

Research Spotlight: Bale Density Effects on Baleage Quality

Marvin Hall, Ph.D., Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

This Research Spotlight examining bale density and its effect on baleage quality confirms attention to forage maturity, moisture, timely wrapping and density result in quality baleage. More
TheDigitalWay on pixabay.com CC0
Are You Pricing Your Custom Services Correctly? - Articles Articles
The prices you set for your services should move you toward achieving your long-term business goals. At the same time, consider how you are looking to position yourself in the business landscape. More
Figure 1. Cool-season perennials are the mainstay of pastured dairies in the Northeast. Credit: Sjoerd Duiker
No-Till Annuals to Beat the Summer Slump on a Dairy Farm - Articles Articles

No-Till Annuals to Beat the Summer Slump on a Dairy Farm

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, Dave Wilson, Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

This case study demonstrates how a grazing dairy farmer in southeastern Pennsylvania beats the summer slump with cool- and warm-season annuals established with no-till practices. More
Posts between the oat and annual strip create a fence between strips that are grazed and strips with grain crops. Photo by Sjoerd Duiker
Integrating Grazing in No-Till Systems on a Grain Farm - Articles Articles

Integrating Grazing in No-Till Systems on a Grain Farm

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

The adoption of no-tillage systems in Pennsylvania creates opportunities to graze after harvest. This case study examines the integration of grazing and no-tillage on a grain farm. More
Figure 1: Well-managed perennial pasture can be a highly sustainable form of land use. Photo by Sjoerd Duiker
Plant Diversity to Extend the Grazing Season - Articles Articles

Plant Diversity to Extend the Grazing Season

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

This case study shows how a farmer in northwestern Pennsylvania is using annuals and perennials to expand his grazing season while managing for reduced inputs and improved soil health through integration of grazing and no-tillage. More
Canada thistle regrowth in a fallow field. (D. Lingenfelter, Penn State Extension)
Is it Possible to Control Weeds Late in the Year? - Articles Articles
With dropping temperatures, many wonder if it is too late to control weeds? Not necessarily; but read below for some comments about this question. More
In determining whether to make hay, know how much you can harvest and at what point you’re considering mowing.
Challenges and Considerations for Fall Hay Harvest - Articles Articles

Challenges and Considerations for Fall Hay Harvest

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker, Adriana Murillo-Williams

Successful management of forage stands in the fall hinges on properly evaluating stands and giving plants enough leaf area to survive the winter. More
No-till wheat in corn residue
Small Grain Planting Considerations - Articles Articles

Small Grain Planting Considerations

Delbert G. Voight, Jr

Did wet weather delay your wheat planting? Here are some tips that might assist you with your planting decisions. More
Weeds germinating in seedling wheat (D. Lingenfelter, Penn State Extension)
Fall Weed Control in Wheat and Barley - Articles Articles

Fall Weed Control in Wheat and Barley

Dwight Lingenfelter, William S. Curran, Ph.D.

As fall weeds compete with wheat and barley establishment, below are some herbicide options to consider. More
Fall Forage Management
Fall Forage Management - Articles Articles

Fall Forage Management

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

When it comes to managing forages in the fall, there are many factors that should be considered. More
Poison hemlock in the spring time along a fencerow. Image from Ohio State University.
Livestock Producers Should Recognize and Manage Poison Hemlock - Articles Articles

Livestock Producers Should Recognize and Manage Poison Hemlock

Dwight Lingenfelter, William S. Curran, Ph.D.

“This is the time of year when you start to notice poison hemlock. Best management practices should take place before it flowers, produces more seed, and continues to spread”. More
Grazing Residue Height Matters
Grazing Residue Height Matters - Articles Articles

Grazing Residue Height Matters

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

It is important to remember to keep an eye on residue heights to eliminate over-grazing and the problems that occur as a result. More
Jessica Williamson, Penn State Extension
Fall Baleage Production - Articles Articles

Fall Baleage Production

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

Wet growing seasons present a challenge with harvesting enough forage for the upcoming winter months. More
Figure 1: Western bean cutworm caterpillar, showing the distinctive longitudinal lines in its collar (or pronotum) behind its head. (Image Credit: Eric Bohnenblust, Penn State)
Caterpillars in Corn: Earworm, Western Bean Cutworm or Corn Borer? - Articles Articles
The end of the summer is a good time to scout for caterpillar damage in corn. What is present will tell you if you have pests that need to be managed next year. More
A promising stand of alfalfa in bloom. Image Credit: Jessica Williamson
Fall Forage Establishment - Articles Articles

Fall Forage Establishment

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Pasture managers and hay producers have a window of opportunity in the late summer and early fall to improve existing or establish new stands through seeding. More
Burcucumber in field of corn. Image credit: Penn State Weed Science.
Managing Burcucumber and Other Late Season Weeds in Corn and Soybeans - Articles Articles
Late season weeds, such as burcucumber, can cause problems with corn and soybean harvest. Consider some of the harvest aid recommendations below to manage these problems weeds. More
Weeds growing in small grain stubble during late summer (PSU Weed Science, D. Lingenfelter)
Late Weed Control and Burndown Considerations Before Planting Fall Crops - Articles Articles
Suggestions are provided to prevent weed seed production at this time of year to reduce the weed seedbank for next season. More
Corn bound for silage harvest at silking stage (C. Guindon)
How Do I Know When it’s Time to Harvest my Corn for Silage? - Articles Articles
Timing is key when harvesting quality corn silage. Here’s how to make sure you’re hitting that window of opportunity. More
A soybean plant with Sudden Death Syndrome
Soybean Sudden Death and Brown Stem Rot: How to Tell the Difference - Articles Articles

Soybean Sudden Death and Brown Stem Rot: How to Tell the Difference

Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Adriana Murillo-Williams

These two nasty soybean diseases can be hard to tell apart. Learn what to look for so you can know your enemy. More
2017-2018 Short-lived Grass and Cover Crops Trial
2017-2018 Short-lived Grass and Cover Crops Trial - Articles Articles
Results of the Penn State 2017-2018 Short-lived Grass and Cover Crops Trial located at the Penn State Agronomy Farm, Centre County. More
Oats. Photo: E. Swackhamer
Cover Crop Considerations after Small Grain Harvest - Articles Articles

Cover Crop Considerations after Small Grain Harvest

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Planting a soil building cover crop after small grain harvest has many benefits, but needs to be tailored to your farm’s needs. More
Source: Penn State Extension, D. Lingenfelter
Herbicide Drift and Sensitive Plants: What to do if Drift is Suspected - Articles Articles
If herbicide drift is suspected on sensitive plants, certain procedures must be followed to properly investigate and document the situation. Read below for more details. More
Source: Penn State Extension, D. Lingenfelter
Xtend® Soybean System and Dicamba Applied Postemergence - Articles Articles
Best management practices to reduce chances of dicamba drift in Xtend soybeans are discussed. More
Soybean Double Crop Research trial. Image credit: Del Voight
Considerations for Double Crop Soybean Production - Articles Articles
With both wheat and barley being harvested there are considerations to ensure a profitable double crop soybean crop. Key theme is to plant thick, plant narrow, use longer maturity and manage weeds up front. More
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