Production and Harvesting

Information on forage and grazing management of crops such as wheat, alfalfa, fescue, sorghum, corn, rye, canola, clover and birdsfoot trefoil. Tips on determining pasture yield, no-till crop management, crop rotation, silage, haylage and baleage.

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Harvest Management of Birdsfoot Trefoil
Harvest Management of Birdsfoot Trefoil - Articles Articles
Birdsfoot trefoil (BFT) is a deep-rooted legume that grows well on poorly drained soils. When properly managed it can persist for many years. More
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Plant Factors Affecting Legume Harvest Management - Articles Articles
Frequent cutting produces high-quality forage while less frequent cutting generally results in increased stand longevity. More
Identifying Common Pennsylvania Grasses
Identifying Common Pennsylvania Grasses - Articles Articles
Grass identification tips and techniques. More
Managing Drought Stressed Corn
Managing Drought Stressed Corn - Articles Articles

Managing Drought Stressed Corn

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

This article describes how to manage corn that is drought stressed and provides information on estimating yields, pricing, managing nitrates and feed quality and other information. More
Managing Flood Damaged Crops
Managing Flood Damaged Crops - Articles Articles

Managing Flood Damaged Crops

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

How to manage crops in lowland fields and when damaged by floods. More
Corn Harvesting Equipment for Wind Damaged Corn
Corn Harvesting Equipment for Wind Damaged Corn - Articles Articles
A few companies that sell equipment for picking up lodged corn. More
Wind Damage Management in Corn
Wind Damage Management in Corn - Articles Articles

Wind Damage Management in Corn

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

Damage seems to be a function of the exposure, planting date, corn borer injury, stalk rot and genetics and often varies dramatically from one field to the next. More
Penn State Corn Silage Bunker Density Study Summary Report
Penn State Corn Silage Bunker Density Study Summary Report - Articles Articles
Two-year study results on the density of corn silage bunker silos, provides some management recommendations for improving silage density and silage quality in bunker silos. More
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Air Seeder and Corn Planter Comparison for Corn for Silage - Articles Articles
Air seeders are used primarily for seeding small grains and soybeans, but have the potential to plant corn as well. More
Effects of Hail Damage on Corn Silage Yield and Quality
Effects of Hail Damage on Corn Silage Yield and Quality - Articles Articles
The objective of this study was to quantify the effects hail damage had on corn silage yield and quality. More
Photo credit: bigstockphoto.com
Seed and Seedling Biology - Articles Articles

Seed and Seedling Biology

Lee Stivers, Tianna DuPont

In order to grow food with a minimum of external inputs, organic producers need to understand much about the biology of plants and ecological systems. More
Goats grazing in a forest.
Silvopasture - Articles Articles
New York State Senate recently voted to add silvopasturing, raising livestock and poultry in woodlots, to the state’s agricultural assessment program. More
Mowing with a scythe.
Mowing with a Scythe - Articles Articles

Mowing with a Scythe

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

The scythe is an instrument used to cut grass or shrub. This article gives a description of different types of scythes, the parts of the scythe, and sharpening and mowing techniques. More
Forage Management Calendar
Forage Management Calendar - Articles Articles
Forage management recommendations for each month of the year. More
Pasture and Hay for Horses
Pasture and Hay for Horses - Articles Articles

Pasture and Hay for Horses

Marvin Hall, Ph.D., Pat M. Comerford

To minimize feed costs, it is important to keep horses healthy and feed them a balanced ration that meets their nutritional needs. More
Inoculation of Forage and Grain Legumes
Inoculation of Forage and Grain Legumes - Articles Articles
Legumes have the ability to form a mutually beneficial (symbiotic) relationship with certain soil bacteria of the type or "genus" Rhizobia. More
Timothy
Timothy - Articles Articles

Timothy

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Timothy (Phleum pratense L.) is a perennial, bunch-type, shallow-rooted, cool-season grass that is well adapted to the Northeast and Upper Midwest. More
Corn Silage Production and Management
Corn Silage Production and Management - Articles Articles

Corn Silage Production and Management

Jud Heinrichs, Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

Corn harvested for silage is an important feed crop on most Pennsylvania farms, where cropland often is limited. More
Orchardgrass
Orchardgrass - Articles Articles

Orchardgrass

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a perennial, cool-season, tall-growing, grass which does not have rhizomes or stolons (bunch-type grass). More
Potential of Narrow Row Corn Production in Pennsylvania
Potential of Narrow Row Corn Production in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles
Producers and researchers are considering the potential of narrower rows such as 15 to 22 inches for corn production in Pennsylvania. More
Considerations for Double-cropping Corn Following Hay in Pennsylvania
Considerations for Double-cropping Corn Following Hay in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Considerations for Double-cropping Corn Following Hay in Pennsylvania

Dennis Calvin, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D., William S. Curran, Ph.D.

Learn the advantages and disadvantages of double-cropping corn following hay and to provide some recommendations for improving the success rate of the practice. More
Summer-Annual Grasses for Supplemental or Emergency Forage
Summer-Annual Grasses for Supplemental or Emergency Forage - Articles Articles

Summer-Annual Grasses for Supplemental or Emergency Forage

Marvin Hall, Ph.D., Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

Shortages of forage crops in Pennsylvania most often occur during the summer, when dry conditions have reduced the productivity of pastures, hay crops, or silage corn fields. More
Cutting Management of Alfalfa, Red Clover, and Birdsfoot Trefoil
Cutting Management of Alfalfa, Red Clover, and Birdsfoot Trefoil - Articles Articles
Frequent cutting produces high-quality forage while less frequent cutting generally results in increased stand longevity. More
Kentucky Bluegrass
Kentucky Bluegrass - Articles Articles

Kentucky Bluegrass

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.) is a short-to-medium height, cool-season, long-lived, highly palatable, perennial grass that has smooth, soft, green to dark green leaves with boat-shaped tips. More
Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne)
Ryegrass - Articles Articles

Ryegrass

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Establishes rapidly, have a long growing season, possess high nutrient contents, and can be grazed and used for hay or silage. More