Production and Harvesting

Information on forage and grazing management of crops such as wheat, alfalfa, fescue, sorghum, corn, rye, canola, clover and birdsfoot trefoil. Tips on determining pasture yield, no-till crop management, crop rotation, silage, haylage and baleage.

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Strategies for Extending the Grazing Season
Strategies for Extending the Grazing Season - Articles Articles
Several strategies can be employed to supply forage into the fall or early winter. More
Need Forage? Try Annual Crops
Need Forage? Try Annual Crops - Articles Articles

Need Forage? Try Annual Crops

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Alternative species to meet forage needs and supplement feedstocks. More
Identifying Common Pennsylvania Grasses
Identifying Common Pennsylvania Grasses - Articles Articles
Grass identification tips and techniques. More
Grazing Winter Small Grains Grazing Winter Small Grains - Articles

Grazing Winter Small Grains

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Grazing winter small grains can be an easy and profitable way to start grazing early in the season, but requires proper management of the crop and livestock. More
Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania
Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Grazing alfalfa is not a new practice. Alfalfa has been grazed alone or in mixtures with grasses and other legumes since its introduction into the United States. More
Four Steps to Rotational Grazing
Four Steps to Rotational Grazing - Articles Articles

Four Steps to Rotational Grazing

J. Craig Williams, Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

A well-managed pasture program can be the most economical way to provide forage to ruminant animals. More
John D. Byrd, Mississippi State University, Bugwood.org
Grass Tetany in Grazing Animals - Articles Articles

Grass Tetany in Grazing Animals

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Be alert to the potential risk for Grass Tetany in high potassium soils and when other conditions are favorable for the development of this livestock illness. More
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Alfalfa Frost Heaving: Assessing the Damage - Articles Articles
March is the time to scout for alfalfa frost heaving so that preparations can be made if the stand will need to be rotated out in spring. More
Beware of the Dangers of Hot Hay
Beware of the Dangers of Hot Hay - Articles Articles

Beware of the Dangers of Hot Hay

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Wet weather can make hay making difficult. Therefore, it’s especially important to monitor the temperature and condition of stored hay. More
Potential for Hemp Production in Pennsylvania
Potential for Hemp Production in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles
A brief history of hemp, its potential uses and the legality of growing hemp in PA are discussed. More
Gerald Holmes, California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo, Bugwood.org
Alfalfa Stand Assessment - Articles Articles

Alfalfa Stand Assessment

Jeffrey S Graybill

Should I maintain my alfalfa field? More
Red Clover
Red Clover - Articles Articles

Red Clover

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is grown throughout the northeastern United States for forage and is used in rotations for soil improvement. More
Reed Canarygrass
Reed Canarygrass - Articles Articles

Reed Canarygrass

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea L.) is a tall, leafy, high-yielding perennial. More
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Plant Factors Affecting Legume Harvest Management - Articles Articles
Frequent cutting produces high-quality forage while less frequent cutting generally results in increased stand longevity. More
Orchardgrass
Orchardgrass - Articles Articles

Orchardgrass

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a perennial, cool-season, tall-growing, grass which does not have rhizomes or stolons (bunch-type grass). More
Cutting Management of Alfalfa, Red Clover, and Birdsfoot Trefoil
Cutting Management of Alfalfa, Red Clover, and Birdsfoot Trefoil - Articles Articles
Frequent cutting produces high-quality forage while less frequent cutting generally results in increased stand longevity. More
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Corn Silage Dry Down – Harvesting at the Incorrect Moisture - Articles Articles
Corn silage dry down is hastening across the state, causing the need for farmers to monitor moisture levels for optimum dry matter and forage quality. More
R.L. Croissant, Bugwood.org
Corn Silage Dry Down – Dry Weather Hastens Moisture Loss - Articles Articles
With the dry weather, a close eye should be kept on corn silage moisture and maturity so the proper harvest time can be achieved to produce quality silage. More
Chemical Conditioners for Hay
Chemical Conditioners for Hay - Articles Articles

Chemical Conditioners for Hay

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Decreasing the drying time of cut forage, and increasing the chances of getting the hay baled before inclement weather arrives with chemicals. More
Potential of Narrow Row Corn Production in Pennsylvania
Potential of Narrow Row Corn Production in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles
Producers and researchers are considering the potential of narrower rows such as 15 to 22 inches for corn production in Pennsylvania. More
Penn State Corn Silage Bunker Density Study Summary Report
Penn State Corn Silage Bunker Density Study Summary Report - Articles Articles
Two-year study results on the density of corn silage bunker silos, provides some management recommendations for improving silage density and silage quality in bunker silos. More
Managing Flood Damaged Crops
Managing Flood Damaged Crops - Articles Articles

Managing Flood Damaged Crops

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

How to manage crops in lowland fields and when damaged by floods. More
When Is It Time To Stop Grazing In The Fall?
When Is It Time To Stop Grazing In The Fall? - Articles Articles
Manage your grazing like you do your lawn, when you stop mowing your lawn for the year you should also likely stop grazing your pasture. More
White Clover
White Clover - Articles Articles

White Clover

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a short-lived perennial that can reseed itself under favorable conditions, grows rapidly, and spreads via stolons. More
Big bluestem
Warm-season Grasses - Articles Articles

Warm-season Grasses

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Native, perennial warm-season grasses produce well compared to cool-season grasses during the hot and dry weather, on soils with low moisture holding capacity, low pH, and low phosphorus levels. More