Production and Harvesting

Information on forage and grazing management of crops such as wheat, alfalfa, fescue, sorghum, corn, rye, canola, clover and birdsfoot trefoil. Tips on determining pasture yield, no-till crop management, crop rotation, silage, haylage and baleage.

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No-till Residue Management
No-till Residue Management - Videos Videos
The benefits of crop residue on the field can be maintained without being an obstacle to successful no-till planting. Part 3 of the Farmer to Farmer No-till Video Series. More
No-till Farmer to Farmer-Introduction to the Series
No-till Farmer to Farmer-Introduction to the Series - Videos Videos
This is the introductory segment of a four-part series in which five farmers in southeast Pennsylvania share their knowledge and experiences in no-till crop production. More
No-till Crop Management Tips
No-till Crop Management Tips - Videos Videos
No; they're not always easy to work with. Commitment and perseverance may be the key words. More
Gerald Holmes, California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo, Bugwood.org
No-Till Alfalfa - Articles Articles

No-Till Alfalfa

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

No-till alfalfa should be part and parcel of a no-till system. More
Figure 1. Checking soil conditions and planting depth is essential for a successful start to the growing season.
Monitor Soil Conditions and Planter Performance for Optimal Results - Articles Articles
Use the ‘ball test’ to assess soil conditions and attention to details for planter setup to avoid sidewall compaction and hopefully ensure a good stand. More
Meters, Tubes and Coulters; Take Time for Planter Maintenance
Meters, Tubes and Coulters; Take Time for Planter Maintenance - Articles Articles
Many problems with no-till can often be traced back to poor planter performance. More
From Feast to Famine – Running Out of Water!
From Feast to Famine – Running Out of Water! - Articles Articles

From Feast to Famine – Running Out of Water!

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

The major reason for yield failure in Pennsylvania is lack of moisture during the summer. So what can farmers do to make the most of natural precipitation? More
Crop Rotations and Conservation Tillage
Crop Rotations and Conservation Tillage - Articles Articles

Crop Rotations and Conservation Tillage

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

Crop rotations increase crop yields by improving soil conditions and reducing weed and insect populations. Rotations also help producers use conservation tillage successfully. More
Figure 1. Crushing knife rolls on combine head don't cut the stalks but merely crush them so decomposers have many points for attacking the stalks while they remain attached to the root
Corn Residue Management - Articles Articles

Corn Residue Management

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Tips to help you plant into it this fall or next spring. More
Calibrating your Grain Drill
Calibrating your Grain Drill - Articles Articles

Calibrating your Grain Drill

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

A well maintained and calibrated drill can improve your stands, and increase yields while lowering your seed costs. More
R.L. Hamblen, Bugwood.org
Spring Management for Pastures: Renovate or Restore? - Articles Articles
Springtime brings on many questions in regards to restoring pastures that are weather beaten after winter. More
Warm-Season Grasses for Pheasants
Warm-Season Grasses for Pheasants - Articles Articles

Warm-Season Grasses for Pheasants

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Warm-season grasses such as big bluestem and switchgrass can provide forage for animals throughout the summer months when cool-season grasses become less productive. More
Tall Fescue
Tall Fescue - Articles Articles

Tall Fescue

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

In Pennsylvania, Tall fescue has been used primarily for conservation purposes but is well suited as hay, silage, or pasture. More
Strategies for Extending the Grazing Season
Strategies for Extending the Grazing Season - Articles Articles
Several strategies can be employed to supply forage into the fall or early winter. More
Need Forage? Try Annual Crops
Need Forage? Try Annual Crops - Articles Articles

Need Forage? Try Annual Crops

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Alternative species to meet forage needs and supplement feedstocks. More
Identifying Common Pennsylvania Grasses
Identifying Common Pennsylvania Grasses - Articles Articles
Grass identification tips and techniques. More
Grazing Winter Small Grains
Grazing Winter Small Grains - Articles Articles

Grazing Winter Small Grains

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Grazing winter small grains can be an easy and profitable way to start grazing early in the season, but requires proper management of the crop and livestock. More
Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania
Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Grazing Alfalfa in Pennsylvania

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Grazing alfalfa is not a new practice. Alfalfa has been grazed alone or in mixtures with grasses and other legumes since its introduction into the United States. More
Four Steps to Rotational Grazing
Four Steps to Rotational Grazing - Articles Articles

Four Steps to Rotational Grazing

J. Craig Williams, Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

A well-managed pasture program can be the most economical way to provide forage to ruminant animals. More
John D. Byrd, Mississippi State University, Bugwood.org
Grass Tetany in Grazing Animals - Articles Articles

Grass Tetany in Grazing Animals

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Be alert to the potential risk for Grass Tetany in high potassium soils and when other conditions are favorable for the development of this livestock illness. More
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Alfalfa Frost Heaving: Assessing the Damage - Articles Articles
March is the time to scout for alfalfa frost heaving so that preparations can be made if the stand will need to be rotated out in spring. More
Beware of the Dangers of Hot Hay
Beware of the Dangers of Hot Hay - Articles Articles

Beware of the Dangers of Hot Hay

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Wet weather can make hay making difficult. Therefore, it’s especially important to monitor the temperature and condition of stored hay. More
Potential for Hemp Production in Pennsylvania
Potential for Hemp Production in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles
A brief history of hemp, its potential uses and the legality of growing hemp in PA are discussed. More
Gerald Holmes, California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo, Bugwood.org
Alfalfa Stand Assessment - Articles Articles

Alfalfa Stand Assessment

Jeffrey S Graybill

Should I maintain my alfalfa field? More
Red Clover
Red Clover - Articles Articles

Red Clover

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is grown throughout the northeastern United States for forage and is used in rotations for soil improvement. More