Production and Harvesting

Information on forage and grazing management of crops such as wheat, alfalfa, fescue, sorghum, corn, rye, canola, clover and birdsfoot trefoil. Tips on determining pasture yield, no-till crop management, crop rotation, silage, haylage and baleage.

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This year precautions may need to be taken when harvesting corn silage that is too dry. (Source: Penn State Extension)
Harvesting Corn Silage at the Incorrect Moisture - News News
When corn silage fields dry too quickly there are a few strategies for ensuring proper ensiling of your forage. More
Photo Caption: Kyle Imhoff
Weather Outlook for the Week of September 18, 2018 - News News
The remnants of Florence brought up to two inches of rain in areas. The rest of the week will be rather mild, but the first tastes of fall may arrive soon. More
A kernel on this ear has already sprouted as a result of wet conditions this growing season. Image Credit: Greg Roth
Sprouting in the Ear - News News

Sprouting in the Ear

09/12/2018

Excessive rainfall during grain fill can sometimes result in preharvest sprouting in corn. If wet conditions continue, it would be good to assess this issue and take steps to minimize the impact. More
Visiting a field in Somerset County are (left to right) Brian Ishman, Local Seed Company; Ed Kreider, GROWMARK FS; and Albert McIntier, Bedford Farm Bureau Co-op. Image Credit: Zach Larson
Pennsylvania Crop Tour Assesses 2018 Growing Conditions - News News
Good, but not record-breaking yields may be expected for many farms across the state. More
2018 Wheat Planting Considerations
2018 Wheat Planting Considerations - News News
Much of our wheat yield potential is a function of decisions that are made in the fall. Take time now to make plans for a successful wheat planting season this year. More
Calves grazing in warm season annuals as part of the USDA-NRCS Management Intensive Grazing demonstration at Ag Progress Days (S. Duiker)
Soil Compaction When Grazing in a Wet Summer - News News
Managing soil compaction while grazing can be a challenge in a wet summer like we are experiencing now, but it can be done, as we learned last week at Ag Progress Days. More
Marestail Image Credit: Dwight Lingenfelter
Mid-season Weed Control Issues 2018 - News News
As we proceed through the growing season, there are a few issues surrounding weed control and herbicide use. Below are some items to consider. More
Upcoming Events for June 27th
Upcoming Events for June 27th - News News

Upcoming Events for June 27th

06/27/2018

Field Day Announcement: Penn State Hemp Research Field Day, Southeast Research and Extension Center, August 7, 2018 More
Casey Guindon, PSU
Introducing a New Field and Forage Crops Educator in Bradford County - News News
Casey Guindon recently joined Penn State Extension’s Field and Forage Crop Team and is based in Bradford County, Pennsylvania. More
Early season corn. (Photo: D. Lingenfelter)
Residual Corn Herbicides in Post Applications - News News
Due to the unusual weather, residual herbicides applied post may need to be used to control weeds in emerging corn crops. More
Ensuring optimum forage quality in both hay fields and pastures helps to ensure optimal animal performance. Photo by Jessica Williamson
Optimizing Spring Forage Quality - News News
Spring is a challenging time of year when it comes to cool-season perennial forage management. Keeping an eye on forage stage of production can help to ensure optimum forage quality. More
Timothy hay field infected with Cereal Rust Mites; notice the curled leaves. Photo Credit: Andrew Frankenfield, Penn State Extension.
Time to Scout for Cereal Rust Mites in Timothy - News News
Cereal rust mites are a small but destructive pest that could be robbing yield and quality from your timothy hay fields. More
A field with and without a soybean burndown herbicide program. Photo: Dwight Lingenfelter, Penn State Weed Science
Dicamba Products and Xtend Soybeans - News News
Not all dicamba-containing products are RUPs and not all can be applied in a burndown application prior to planting Xtend soybeans. More
Winter Barley Trials Photo: Greg Roth
Spring Malting Barley Trials Posted Online - News News
Results of a spring barley evaluation effort between North Dakota State University, Penn State and other universities in the northeast for the past two years have been posted online. More
Photo credit: Greg Roth
Corn Drydown Issues - News News

Corn Drydown Issues

10/11/2017

With slow drydown in areas, it may be beneficial to identify fields that are good candidates for early harvest based on crop conditions and grain moisture. More
Grazing Corn Residue Grazing Corn Residue - News

Grazing Corn Residue

10/11/2017

Corn stover is often used as ground cover baled for bedding for the winter season, but it can also be utilized as a forage in some situations where feed supplies are limited. More
Photo caption: Canadian thistle in a grass hay stand 3 weeks after cutting. This a good stage of growth to spray with a herbicide in the fall.
Fall Management of Grass Hay Fields and Pastures - News News
Help your forage plants prepare for winter survival and spring regrowth. Weed control, soil fertility and liming are a few key factors to consider this fall. More
Photo credit: Jessica Williamson
Extending the Grazing Season Using Brassicas - News News
Brassicas can be an excellent alternative to perennial pastures and a good option available to extend the grazing season longer into the fall. More
Photo credit: Rachel Milliron
Extending the Grazing Season Using Annual Grasses - News News
The growing season for perennial forages is limited and can be supplemented with annual grasses to “bridge the gap” in the grazing season of permanent pastures. More
Scouting pastures to identify forage species using a Pasture Evaluation Disc.
Pasture Management for Fall - News News

Pasture Management for Fall

09/13/2017

Be careful not to hurt your pasture stand this fall. Read about tips for successful fall pasture management. More
Extending the Grazing Season – Preparing for the Summer Slump
Extending the Grazing Season – Preparing for the Summer Slump - News News
Most often in the mid-Atlantic region, pastures are comprised of cool season perennial forages. More
Grazing Residue Height Matters
Grazing Residue Height Matters - News News

Grazing Residue Height Matters

05/17/2017

It is important to remember to keep an eye on residue heights to eliminate over-grazing and the problems that occur as a result. More
Andrew Frankenfield, Penn State
Reducing Forage Harvest Losses - News News

Reducing Forage Harvest Losses

05/17/2017

Ready, Set, Mow! First cutting alfalfa is underway in many parts of the state. Every pass across the field reduces the amount of dry matter you end up with in a bale. How much are you leaving behind? More
Time to Mow Cereal Rye for Straw
Time to Mow Cereal Rye for Straw - News News
Above average temperatures this spring has advanced the maturity of the rye as well as other forages. More
Speed Up Hay Drying Time with Properly Adjusted Conditioning Rolls
Speed Up Hay Drying Time with Properly Adjusted Conditioning Rolls - News News
Before you get to the field to cut hay, learn how to properly adjust your conditioning rolls for optimum performance. More
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