Production and Harvesting

Information on forage and grazing management of crops such as wheat, alfalfa, fescue, sorghum, corn, rye, canola, clover and birdsfoot trefoil. Tips on determining pasture yield, no-till crop management, crop rotation, silage, haylage and baleage.

20 Results

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A kernel on this ear has already sprouted as a result of wet conditions this growing season. Image Credit: Greg Roth
Sprouting in the Ear - News News

Sprouting in the Ear

09/12/2018

Excessive rainfall during grain fill can sometimes result in preharvest sprouting in corn. If wet conditions continue, it would be good to assess this issue and take steps to minimize the impact. More
Visiting a field in Somerset County are (left to right) Brian Ishman, Local Seed Company; Ed Kreider, GROWMARK FS; and Albert McIntier, Bedford Farm Bureau Co-op. Image Credit: Zach Larson
Pennsylvania Crop Tour Assesses 2018 Growing Conditions - News News
Good, but not record-breaking yields may be expected for many farms across the state. More
2018 Wheat Planting Considerations
2018 Wheat Planting Considerations - News News
Much of our wheat yield potential is a function of decisions that are made in the fall. Take time now to make plans for a successful wheat planting season this year. More
Photo Credit: Greg Roth, Penn State Extension.
Strategies for Planting Corn and Soybean Varieties - Articles Articles
Having a good plan for planting corn and soybean varieties can improve yields, minimize potential weather risks, and help to facilitate earlier planting of cover crops and small grains. More
Winter Barley Trials Photo: Greg Roth
Spring Malting Barley Trials Posted Online - News News
Results of a spring barley evaluation effort between North Dakota State University, Penn State and other universities in the northeast for the past two years have been posted online. More
Hemp Plots at Rock Springs Photo: Greg Roth, Penn State
Industrial Hemp Trial Report - Articles Articles

Industrial Hemp Trial Report

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

In 2017, we conducted several trials to assess the potential of Industrial Hemp and several management variables as it affected seed production. More
Photo credit: Greg Roth
Corn Drydown Issues - News News

Corn Drydown Issues

10/11/2017

With slow drydown in areas, it may be beneficial to identify fields that are good candidates for early harvest based on crop conditions and grain moisture. More
Wind Damage Management in Corn
Wind Damage Management in Corn - Articles Articles

Wind Damage Management in Corn

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

Damage seems to be a function of the exposure, planting date, corn borer injury, stalk rot and genetics and often varies dramatically from one field to the next. More
Recovery of Frosted Corn
Recovery of Frosted Corn - Articles Articles

Recovery of Frosted Corn

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

The corn was uniformly frosted to the ground. All above ground green tissue was water soaked and limp. More
Crop Rotations and Conservation Tillage
Crop Rotations and Conservation Tillage - Articles Articles

Crop Rotations and Conservation Tillage

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

Crop rotations increase crop yields by improving soil conditions and reducing weed and insect populations. Rotations also help producers use conservation tillage successfully. More
Potential of Narrow Row Corn Production in Pennsylvania
Potential of Narrow Row Corn Production in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles
Producers and researchers are considering the potential of narrower rows such as 15 to 22 inches for corn production in Pennsylvania. More
Penn State Corn Silage Bunker Density Study Summary Report
Penn State Corn Silage Bunker Density Study Summary Report - Articles Articles
Two-year study results on the density of corn silage bunker silos, provides some management recommendations for improving silage density and silage quality in bunker silos. More
Managing Flood Damaged Crops
Managing Flood Damaged Crops - Articles Articles

Managing Flood Damaged Crops

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

How to manage crops in lowland fields and when damaged by floods. More
Summer-Annual Grasses for Supplemental or Emergency Forage
Summer-Annual Grasses for Supplemental or Emergency Forage - Articles Articles

Summer-Annual Grasses for Supplemental or Emergency Forage

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D., Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Shortages of forage crops in Pennsylvania most often occur during the summer, when dry conditions have reduced the productivity of pastures, hay crops, or silage corn fields. More
Managing Drought Stressed Corn
Managing Drought Stressed Corn - Articles Articles

Managing Drought Stressed Corn

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

This article describes how to manage corn that is drought stressed and provides information on estimating yields, pricing, managing nitrates and feed quality and other information. More
Forage Sorghum
Forage Sorghum - Articles Articles

Forage Sorghum

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D., Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D.

Forage sorghum is a large, warm-season, annual grass that is adapted to Pennsylvania and can be grown as a silage crop. More
Corn Silage Production and Management
Corn Silage Production and Management - Articles Articles

Corn Silage Production and Management

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D., Jud Heinrichs

Corn harvested for silage is an important feed crop on most Pennsylvania farms, where cropland often is limited. More
Considerations for Double-cropping Corn Following Hay in Pennsylvania
Considerations for Double-cropping Corn Following Hay in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles

Considerations for Double-cropping Corn Following Hay in Pennsylvania

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D., Dennis Calvin, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., William S. Curran, Ph.D.

Learn the advantages and disadvantages of double-cropping corn following hay and to provide some recommendations for improving the success rate of the practice. More
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Air Seeder and Corn Planter Comparison for Corn for Silage - Articles Articles
Air seeders are used primarily for seeding small grains and soybeans, but have the potential to plant corn as well. More
Considerations in Managing Cutting Height of Corn Silage
Considerations in Managing Cutting Height of Corn Silage - Articles Articles
Cutting corn silage higher can increase silage quality because the lower part of the crop is poorly digestible, but this can also reduce yield. More