Production and Harvesting

Information on forage and grazing management of crops such as wheat, alfalfa, fescue, sorghum, corn, rye, canola, clover and birdsfoot trefoil. Tips on determining pasture yield, no-till crop management, crop rotation, silage, haylage and baleage.

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Photo Caption: Kyle Imhoff
Weather Outlook for the Week of February 19, 2019 - News News
The very active wintry pattern that the state has seen the last few weeks will persist through the upcoming seven to ten days. More
Beef cows grazing switchgrass/big bluestem/indiangrass mix in summer. Credit: S. Duiker
Extending the Grazing Season with Plant Diversity - Articles Articles

Extending the Grazing Season with Plant Diversity

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

By developing a grazing plan that integrates cool-season perennials with warm- and cool-season annuals and warm-season perennials, graziers can significantly extend the grazing season while both avoiding overgrazing and maintaining soil health. More
2019 Pennsylvania Forage Conference
2019 Pennsylvania Forage Conference - News News
Visit with industry professionals and farmers and enjoy the day listening and learning about educational topics pertaining to forage production from industry leaders! More
The Penn State Agronomy Guide
The Penn State Agronomy Guide - Guides and Publications Guides and Publications

From: $15.00

To: $45.00

The Agronomy Guide provides comprehensive information on crop, soil, and pest management for farms of all sizes. More
Wrapping Bales
Baleage Workshop - Workshops Workshops
Join fellow producers to discuss challenges with making dry hay in a wet year, and options to make and feed good quality baleage to your stock. More
Research Spotlight: Bale Density Effects on Baleage Quality
Research Spotlight: Bale Density Effects on Baleage Quality - Articles Articles

Research Spotlight: Bale Density Effects on Baleage Quality

Marvin Hall, Ph.D., Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

This Research Spotlight examining bale density and its effect on baleage quality confirms attention to forage maturity, moisture, timely wrapping and density result in quality baleage. More
Hay Bales (Nicole Santangelo, PSU)
Making Hay Stretch - News News

Making Hay Stretch

12/13/2018

Now is the time to start thinking about how to stretch your hay reserves through the winter. More
In determining whether to make hay, know how much you can harvest and at what point you’re considering mowing.
Challenges and Considerations for Fall Hay Harvest - Articles Articles

Challenges and Considerations for Fall Hay Harvest

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker, Adriana Murillo-Williams

Successful management of forage stands in the fall hinges on properly evaluating stands and giving plants enough leaf area to survive the winter. More
John Wallace, Penn State Weed Science
John Wallace, Weed Management Extension Specialist - News News
Introducing Penn State’s new extension weed specialist More
No-till wheat in corn residue
Small Grain Planting Considerations - Articles Articles

Small Grain Planting Considerations

Delbert G. Voight, Jr

Did wet weather delay your wheat planting? Here are some tips that might assist you with your planting decisions. More
Weeds germinating in seedling wheat (D. Lingenfelter, Penn State Extension)
Fall Weed Control in Wheat and Barley - Articles Articles

Fall Weed Control in Wheat and Barley

Dwight Lingenfelter, William S. Curran, Ph.D.

As fall weeds compete with wheat and barley establishment, below are some herbicide options to consider. More
Fall Forage Management
Fall Forage Management - Articles Articles

Fall Forage Management

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

When it comes to managing forages in the fall, there are many factors that should be considered. More
Grazing Residue Height Matters
Grazing Residue Height Matters - Articles Articles

Grazing Residue Height Matters

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

It is important to remember to keep an eye on residue heights to eliminate over-grazing and the problems that occur as a result. More
Pennsylvania Hay Show judge, Les Vough, places the Section I Grand Champion ribbon on the winning hay sample. Photo: Jessica Williamson, Penn State Extension
2018 Pennsylvania Hay Show Recap and Results - News News
The 2018 Pennsylvania Hay Show was held at Ag Progress Days and sponsored by the Pennsylvania Forage and Grassland Council. More
Jessica Williamson, Penn State Extension
Fall Baleage Production - Articles Articles

Fall Baleage Production

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

Wet growing seasons present a challenge with harvesting enough forage for the upcoming winter months. More
This year precautions may need to be taken when harvesting corn silage that is too dry. (Source: Penn State Extension)
Harvesting Corn Silage at the Incorrect Moisture - News News
When corn silage fields dry too quickly there are a few strategies for ensuring proper ensiling of your forage. More
A promising stand of alfalfa in bloom. Image Credit: Jessica Williamson
Fall Forage Establishment - Articles Articles

Fall Forage Establishment

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Pasture managers and hay producers have a window of opportunity in the late summer and early fall to improve existing or establish new stands through seeding. More
A kernel on this ear has already sprouted as a result of wet conditions this growing season. Image Credit: Greg Roth
Sprouting in the Ear - News News

Sprouting in the Ear

09/12/2018

Excessive rainfall during grain fill can sometimes result in preharvest sprouting in corn. If wet conditions continue, it would be good to assess this issue and take steps to minimize the impact. More
Visiting a field in Somerset County are (left to right) Brian Ishman, Local Seed Company; Ed Kreider, GROWMARK FS; and Albert McIntier, Bedford Farm Bureau Co-op. Image Credit: Zach Larson
Pennsylvania Crop Tour Assesses 2018 Growing Conditions - News News
Good, but not record-breaking yields may be expected for many farms across the state. More
2018 Wheat Planting Considerations
2018 Wheat Planting Considerations - News News
Much of our wheat yield potential is a function of decisions that are made in the fall. Take time now to make plans for a successful wheat planting season this year. More
Burcucumber in field of corn. Image credit: Penn State Weed Science.
Managing Burcucumber and Other Late Season Weeds in Corn and Soybeans - Articles Articles
Late season weeds, such as burcucumber, can cause problems with corn and soybean harvest. Consider some of the harvest aid recommendations below to manage these problems weeds. More
Weeds growing in small grain stubble during late summer (PSU Weed Science, D. Lingenfelter)
Late Weed Control and Burndown Considerations Before Planting Fall Crops - Articles Articles
Suggestions are provided to prevent weed seed production at this time of year to reduce the weed seedbank for next season. More
Calves grazing in warm season annuals as part of the USDA-NRCS Management Intensive Grazing demonstration at Ag Progress Days (S. Duiker)
Soil Compaction When Grazing in a Wet Summer - News News
Managing soil compaction while grazing can be a challenge in a wet summer like we are experiencing now, but it can be done, as we learned last week at Ag Progress Days. More
Corn bound for silage harvest at silking stage (C. Guindon)
How Do I Know When it’s Time to Harvest my Corn for Silage? - Articles Articles
Timing is key when harvesting quality corn silage. Here’s how to make sure you’re hitting that window of opportunity. More
Source: Penn State Extension, D. Lingenfelter
Herbicide Drift and Sensitive Plants: What to do if Drift is Suspected - Articles Articles
If herbicide drift is suspected on sensitive plants, certain procedures must be followed to properly investigate and document the situation. Read below for more details. More
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