Production and Harvesting

Information on forage and grazing management of crops such as wheat, alfalfa, fescue, sorghum, corn, rye, canola, clover and birdsfoot trefoil. Tips on determining pasture yield, no-till crop management, crop rotation, silage, haylage and baleage.

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Photo Caption: Kyle Imhoff
Weather Outlook for the Week of November 27, 2018 - News News
More wet (and/or white) weather on the way, unfortunately. More
In determining whether to make hay, know how much you can harvest and at what point you’re considering mowing.
Challenges and Considerations for Fall Hay Harvest - Articles Articles

Challenges and Considerations for Fall Hay Harvest

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker, Adriana Murillo-Williams

Successful management of forage stands in the fall hinges on properly evaluating stands and giving plants enough leaf area to survive the winter. More
John Wallace, Penn State Weed Science
John Wallace, Weed Management Extension Specialist - News News
Introducing Penn State’s new extension weed specialist More
No-till wheat in corn residue
Small Grain Planting Considerations - Articles Articles

Small Grain Planting Considerations

Delbert G. Voight, Jr

Did wet weather delay your wheat planting? Here are some tips that might assist you with your planting decisions. More
Mary Burrows, Montana State University, Bugwood.org
Fall Weed Control in Wheat and Barley - Articles Articles

Fall Weed Control in Wheat and Barley

Dwight Lingenfelter, William S. Curran, Ph.D.

As fall weeds compete with wheat and barley establishment, below are some herbicide options to consider. More
Fall Forage Management
Fall Forage Management - Articles Articles

Fall Forage Management

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

When it comes to managing forages in the fall, there are many factors that should be considered. More
Grazing Residue Height Matters
Grazing Residue Height Matters - Articles Articles

Grazing Residue Height Matters

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

It is important to remember to keep an eye on residue heights to eliminate over-grazing and the problems that occur as a result. More
Pennsylvania Hay Show judge, Les Vough, places the Section I Grand Champion ribbon on the winning hay sample. Photo: Jessica Williamson, Penn State Extension
2018 Pennsylvania Hay Show Recap and Results - News News
The 2018 Pennsylvania Hay Show was held at Ag Progress Days and sponsored by the Pennsylvania Forage and Grassland Council. More
Jessica Williamson, Penn State Extension
Fall Baleage Production - Articles Articles

Fall Baleage Production

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

Wet growing seasons present a challenge with harvesting enough forage for the upcoming winter months. More
This year precautions may need to be taken when harvesting corn silage that is too dry. (Source: Penn State Extension)
Harvesting Corn Silage at the Incorrect Moisture - News News
When corn silage fields dry too quickly there are a few strategies for ensuring proper ensiling of your forage. More
A promising stand of alfalfa in bloom. Image Credit: Jessica Williamson
Fall Forage Establishment - Articles Articles

Fall Forage Establishment

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Pasture managers and hay producers have a window of opportunity in the late summer and early fall to improve existing or establish new stands through seeding. More
A kernel on this ear has already sprouted as a result of wet conditions this growing season. Image Credit: Greg Roth
Sprouting in the Ear - News News

Sprouting in the Ear

09/12/2018

Excessive rainfall during grain fill can sometimes result in preharvest sprouting in corn. If wet conditions continue, it would be good to assess this issue and take steps to minimize the impact. More
Visiting a field in Somerset County are (left to right) Brian Ishman, Local Seed Company; Ed Kreider, GROWMARK FS; and Albert McIntier, Bedford Farm Bureau Co-op. Image Credit: Zach Larson
Pennsylvania Crop Tour Assesses 2018 Growing Conditions - News News
Good, but not record-breaking yields may be expected for many farms across the state. More
2018 Wheat Planting Considerations
2018 Wheat Planting Considerations - News News
Much of our wheat yield potential is a function of decisions that are made in the fall. Take time now to make plans for a successful wheat planting season this year. More
Burcucumber in field of corn. Image credit: Penn State Weed Science.
Managing Burcucumber and Other Late Season Weeds in Corn and Soybeans - Articles Articles
Late season weeds, such as burcucumber, can cause problems with corn and soybean harvest. Consider some of the harvest aid recommendations below to manage these problems weeds. More
Weeds growing in small grain stubble during late summer (PSU Weed Science, D. Lingenfelter)
Late Weed Control and Burndown Considerations Before Planting Fall Crops - Articles Articles
Suggestions are provided to prevent weed seed production at this time of year to reduce the weed seedbank for next season. More
Calves grazing in warm season annuals as part of the USDA-NRCS Management Intensive Grazing demonstration at Ag Progress Days (S. Duiker)
Soil Compaction When Grazing in a Wet Summer - News News
Managing soil compaction while grazing can be a challenge in a wet summer like we are experiencing now, but it can be done, as we learned last week at Ag Progress Days. More
Corn bound for silage harvest at silking stage (C. Guindon)
How Do I Know When it’s Time to Harvest my Corn for Silage? - Articles Articles
Timing is key when harvesting quality corn silage. Here’s how to make sure you’re hitting that window of opportunity. More
Source: Penn State Extension, D. Lingenfelter
Herbicide Drift and Sensitive Plants: What to do if Drift is Suspected - Articles Articles
If herbicide drift is suspected on sensitive plants, certain procedures must be followed to properly investigate and document the situation. Read below for more details. More
Source: Penn State Extension, D. Lingenfelter
Xtend® Soybean System and Dicamba Applied Postemergence - Articles Articles
Best management practices to reduce chances of dicamba drift in Xtend soybeans are discussed. More
Soybean Double Crop Research trial. Image credit: Del Voight
Considerations for Double Crop Soybean Production - Articles Articles
With both wheat and barley being harvested there are considerations to ensure a profitable double crop soybean crop. Key theme is to plant thick, plant narrow, use longer maturity and manage weeds up front. More
Marestail Image Credit: Dwight Lingenfelter
Mid-season Weed Control Issues 2018 - News News
As we proceed through the growing season, there are a few issues surrounding weed control and herbicide use. Below are some items to consider. More
Overgrazing pastures compromises pasture production and exposes the soil to erosion
Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures - Articles Articles

Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures

Justin Brackenrich, Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

The summer is upon us and cool season grasses are slowing down their growth. This is the time to pay attention so you don’t overgraze those pastures. More
Low lying fog in fields may indicate a temperature inversion. (Photo credit: Dwight Lingenfelter
Auxin Herbicide Drift and Temperature Inversions - Articles Articles
Temperature inversions can cause dicamba and 2,4-D to move great distances after application. Learn about the details below. More
Casey Guindon, PSU
Introducing a New Field and Forage Crops Educator in Bradford County - News News
Casey Guindon recently joined Penn State Extension’s Field and Forage Crop Team and is based in Bradford County, Pennsylvania. More
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