Production and Harvesting

Information on cover crops, including clover, wheat, canola, rye and hairy vetch, diversified grazing systems, no-till farming, managing soils and a crop adviser study guide. Tips on cover crop control and extending grazing season with brassicas.

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Erratic Emergence Due to Shallow Planting
Erratic Emergence Due to Shallow Planting - Articles Articles
During late May, we visited this Lancaster County corn field that exhibited a severe case of erratic and late emerging corn. More
Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills
Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills - Articles Articles

Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, Ron Hoover

The seed delivery system in drills is not as precise as that used in planters because they use flutes or sponges to meter seed instead of seed singulation. More
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Got Rye Seed? - Articles Articles

Got Rye Seed?

John Rowehl

Since rye is stored over the hot weather months before use, it has the potential for infestation and damage from insects. More
Early Season Wheat Assessment
Early Season Wheat Assessment - Articles Articles
Making early decisions about management of wheat fields in February. More
Herbicides Persistence and Rotation to Cover Crops Herbicides Persistence and Rotation to Cover Crops - Articles

Herbicides Persistence and Rotation to Cover Crops

Dwight Lingenfelter, William S. Curran, Ph.D.

The question about whether corn or soybean herbicide programs will pose a problem for establishing fall cover crops has become a common. More
Cover Crop Rollers for Northeastern Grain Production
Cover Crop Rollers for Northeastern Grain Production - Articles Articles
In the last several years, farmers in the northeast and other regions of the US have shown interest in using cover crop rollers for high residue conservation tillage. More
Photo credit: Steve Culman
Managing Soils - Articles Articles
The goal of good soil management is to meet essential plant needs for water, nutrients, oxygen, and a medium to hold their roots with as little management as possible. More
Photo credit: bigstockphoto.com
Seed and Seedling Biology - Articles Articles

Seed and Seedling Biology

Lee Stivers, Tianna DuPont

In order to grow food with a minimum of external inputs, organic producers need to understand much about the biology of plants and ecological systems. More
Vicon spinner precision seeder.
Innovative Ways to Plant Fall Cover Crops - Articles Articles
Cover crops offer multiple benefits from soil conservation to weed suppression. To reap benefits, the ideal planting time is mid-August to mid-September. More
Spring Canola in Pennsylvania: Production and Agronomic Recommendations
Spring Canola in Pennsylvania: Production and Agronomic Recommendations - Articles Articles
Canola’s origins date back to an oilseed crop called rapeseed, which was grown in the thirteenth century. More
Winter Canola in Pennsylvania: Production and Agronomic Recommendations
Winter Canola in Pennsylvania: Production and Agronomic Recommendations - Articles Articles
Canola’s origin dates back to an oilseed crop grown in the 13th century called rapeseed. More
Hairy Vetch as a Crop Cover
Hairy Vetch as a Crop Cover - Articles Articles

Hairy Vetch as a Crop Cover

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Hairy vetch is an annual leguminous cover crop that is winter hardy throughout Pennsylvania if established in a timely manner. More
Management of Red Clover as a Cover Crop
Management of Red Clover as a Cover Crop - Articles Articles

Management of Red Clover as a Cover Crop

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, William S. Curran, Ph.D.

Red clover is a short-lived perennial that is winter hardy throughout Pennsylvania. More
Cover Crops for Conservation Tillage Systems
Cover Crops for Conservation Tillage Systems - Articles Articles

Cover Crops for Conservation Tillage Systems

Dwight Lingenfelter, William S. Curran, Ph.D., Lyn Garling

Cover crops can cover the soil to protect against soil erosion; improve the soil by adding organic matter, nutrients, and stability; and scavenge leftover nutrients. More
Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne)
Ryegrass - Articles Articles

Ryegrass

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Establishes rapidly, have a long growing season, possess high nutrient contents, and can be grazed and used for hay or silage. More
Crop Rotations and Conservation Tillage
Crop Rotations and Conservation Tillage - Articles Articles

Crop Rotations and Conservation Tillage

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

Crop rotations increase crop yields by improving soil conditions and reducing weed and insect populations. Rotations also help producers use conservation tillage successfully. More
Red Clover
Red Clover - Articles Articles

Red Clover

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is grown throughout the northeastern United States for forage and is used in rotations for soil improvement. More
White Clover
White Clover - Articles Articles

White Clover

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a short-lived perennial that can reseed itself under favorable conditions, grows rapidly, and spreads via stolons. More