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How quickly can you increase soil organic matter content?
Can I Increase Soil Organic Matter by 1% This Year? - Articles Articles

Can I Increase Soil Organic Matter by 1% This Year?

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Soil organic matter is a primary measure of soil health. It is important to monitor soil organic matter and try to increase it. But what is a realistic goal? More
Figure 5. Alternating row configuration is one strategy to manage competition between species in a mixture. Here forage radish alternates with Austrian winter pea.
Making the Most of Mixtures: Considerations for Winter Cover Crops - Articles Articles
This article discusses tailoring a cover crop mixture, building a complementary mix, determining which species to use, methods to establish mixtures, and considerations when terminating mixtures. More
Figure 1. The Penn State Cover Crop Interseeder and Applicator. (Photo: Greg Roth)
Cover Crop Interseeder and Applicator - Articles Articles

Cover Crop Interseeder and Applicator

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D., Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, William S. Curran, Ph.D.

The Penn State Cover Crop Interseeder and Applicator was designed to help establish cover crops in areas where cover crop establishment is not that feasible because of a late harvest and short season. More
Effects of Soil Compaction
Effects of Soil Compaction - Articles Articles

Effects of Soil Compaction

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Soil compaction is the reduction of soil volume due to external factors; this reduction lowers soil productivity and environmental quality. More
Avoiding Soil Compaction
Avoiding Soil Compaction - Articles Articles

Avoiding Soil Compaction

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

The increasing size of farm equipment may cause significant soil compaction that can negatively affect soil productivity as well as environmental quality. More
Red clover can be used as a cover crop to suppress weeds
Suppressing Weeds Using Cover Crops in Pennsylvania - Articles Articles
This article discusses which cover crops are most suitable, and how should they be managed to enhance weed suppression. More
Photo credit: D. Paashaus
Creating a Weed Management Plan for Your Organic Farm - Articles Articles
Successful weed management can make or break a new organic farm. These steps will help you get the upper hand on weeds. More
Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills
Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills - Articles Articles

Calibration of Grain/Seed Drills

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, Ron Hoover

The seed delivery system in drills is not as precise as that used in planters because they use flutes or sponges to meter seed instead of seed singulation. More
Herbicides Persistence and Rotation to Cover Crops Herbicides Persistence and Rotation to Cover Crops - Articles

Herbicides Persistence and Rotation to Cover Crops

Dwight Lingenfelter, William S. Curran, Ph.D.

The question about whether corn or soybean herbicide programs will pose a problem for establishing fall cover crops has become a common. More
Cover Crop Rollers for Northeastern Grain Production
Cover Crop Rollers for Northeastern Grain Production - Articles Articles
In the last several years, farmers in the northeast and other regions of the US have shown interest in using cover crop rollers for high residue conservation tillage. More
Some Facts About Soil Basics
Some Facts About Soil Basics - Articles Articles
This is a brief and simplified introduction to the origins of soils and how they influence capabilities and uses of soils. More
Planting Green – A New Cover Crop Management Technique
Planting Green – A New Cover Crop Management Technique - Articles Articles
Learn how this no-till farming practice can turn primary crops like corn and soybeans into cover crops, and improve soil conservation and pest management. More
Management of Red Clover as a Cover Crop
Management of Red Clover as a Cover Crop - Articles Articles

Management of Red Clover as a Cover Crop

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, William S. Curran, Ph.D.

Red clover is a short-lived perennial that is winter hardy throughout Pennsylvania. More
Hairy Vetch as a Crop Cover
Hairy Vetch as a Crop Cover - Articles Articles

Hairy Vetch as a Crop Cover

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Hairy vetch is an annual leguminous cover crop that is winter hardy throughout Pennsylvania if established in a timely manner. More
Crop Rotations and Conservation Tillage
Crop Rotations and Conservation Tillage - Articles Articles

Crop Rotations and Conservation Tillage

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

Crop rotations increase crop yields by improving soil conditions and reducing weed and insect populations. Rotations also help producers use conservation tillage successfully. More
Cover Crops for Conservation Tillage Systems
Cover Crops for Conservation Tillage Systems - Articles Articles

Cover Crops for Conservation Tillage Systems

Dwight Lingenfelter, William S. Curran, Ph.D., Lyn Garling

Cover crops can cover the soil to protect against soil erosion; improve the soil by adding organic matter, nutrients, and stability; and scavenge leftover nutrients. More
Red Clover
Red Clover - Articles Articles

Red Clover

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is grown throughout the northeastern United States for forage and is used in rotations for soil improvement. More
White Clover
White Clover - Articles Articles

White Clover

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a short-lived perennial that can reseed itself under favorable conditions, grows rapidly, and spreads via stolons. More
Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne)
Ryegrass - Articles Articles

Ryegrass

Marvin Hall, Ph.D.

Establishes rapidly, have a long growing season, possess high nutrient contents, and can be grazed and used for hay or silage. More
Triticale cover crop.
Herbicide Considerations for Cover and Forage Crops - Articles Articles
Learn about carryover concerns for seeding cover crops after in-season corn and soybean herbicide applications. More