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Mid-ear cutworm injury resulting in subsequent ear mold infection by several pathogens. Image credit: G. Roth
Avoiding Mycotoxins in Grain Corn and Silage - Articles Articles

Avoiding Mycotoxins in Grain Corn and Silage

Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker, Adriana Murillo-Williams

Toxins caused by fungi are a real concern in grain corn and silage. Is there anything we can do about it? More
Flooding around your home and on the farm could be leading to issues you need to address. Image Credit: Jennifer Fetter
After the Flood – Recovery Considerations for Rural Pennsylvanians - Articles Articles

After the Flood – Recovery Considerations for Rural Pennsylvanians

Jennifer R Fetter, Leon Ressler, Andy Yencha

Parts of Pennsylvania were drenched with heavy rains and flooded streams recently. In addition to drying out wet basements, there are few important things that rural Pennsylvanian’s might want to pay special attention to. More
Nitrogen deficiency in corn, characterized by yellowing along the midrib of the lower leaves, starting at the leaf tip and moving towards the stalk. (Image credit: Charlie White)
What is the Potential for Nitrogen Losses from Extreme Summer Rainfall - Articles Articles
The severity of nitrogen losses from extreme summer rainfalls, and how you react to them, depends on many factors. More
2018 Barley and Winter Wheat Performance Trials
2018 Barley and Winter Wheat Performance Trials - Articles Articles

2018 Barley and Winter Wheat Performance Trials

Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D., Mark Antle

Reports for winter barley and wheat performance trials conducted at Penn State in 2018. We will continue to update this site as more data becomes available on grain quality and other traits. More
Figure 1. Soybean cyst nematodes females (yellow arrows) and nodules (white arrows) on soybean roots. Photo credit: Penn State Department of Plant Pathology & Environmental Microbiology Archives, Penn State University, Bugwood.org
Plant Parasitic Nematodes Explained - Articles Articles

Plant Parasitic Nematodes Explained

Adriana Murillo-Williams, Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker

Have you noticed a decline in yield without a clear explanation? It could be due to plant parasitic nematodes. More
Figure 1. Soybean field showing variable growth and development at the R1-R2 (flowering) growth stage Photo Credit: P. Esker.
Soybean Stem Diseases: What are the Different Symptoms and Signs? - Articles Articles

Soybean Stem Diseases: What are the Different Symptoms and Signs?

Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker, Adriana Murillo-Williams

Soybean growth and development has been variable this year – what might we expect to find as the season progresses? More
Ponding in soybean field. Credit: Claire Coombs
Where Does the Water Go? - Articles Articles

Where Does the Water Go?

Claire Coombs

With all the rain in May and June, and higher than normal soil moisture levels, one can start to wonder where all the water could be going? More
Source: Penn State Extension, D. Lingenfelter
Herbicide Drift and Sensitive Plants: What to do if Drift is Suspected - Articles Articles
If herbicide drift is suspected on sensitive plants, certain procedures must be followed to properly investigate and document the situation. Read below for more details. More
Source: Penn State Extension, D. Lingenfelter
Xtend® Soybean System and Dicamba Applied Postemergence - Articles Articles
Best management practices to reduce chances of dicamba drift in Xtend soybeans are discussed. More
Potassium deficiency on this corn crop is exhibited by yellowing and necrosis of the leaf edges in the lower part of the canopy. Image credit: Jeff Graybill
Scouting for Nutrient Deficiencies - Articles Articles
Regular visual inspections, paired with tissue testing, soil sampling, and some help from eyes in the sky, can help diagnose nutrient deficiencies in a growing crop. More
Soybean Double Crop Research trial. Image credit: Del Voight
Considerations for Double Crop Soybean Production - Articles Articles
With both wheat and barley being harvested there are considerations to ensure a profitable double crop soybean crop. Key theme is to plant thick, plant narrow, use longer maturity and manage weeds up front. More
Grey Leaf Spot in corn. Image Credit: Alyssa Collins
Early-season Corn Fungicide Considerations - Articles Articles

Early-season Corn Fungicide Considerations

Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker

Does it pay to spray at V5 to V7, or even V10, corn? What factors should we consider before pulling the trigger? More
Overgrazing pastures compromises pasture production and exposes the soil to erosion
Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures - Articles Articles

Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures

Justin Brackenrich, Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

The summer is upon us and cool season grasses are slowing down their growth. This is the time to pay attention so you don’t overgraze those pastures. More
Soil erosion is still taking its toll in Pennsylvania but can be addressed by using proper management
Eliminating Soil Erosion - Articles Articles

Eliminating Soil Erosion

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Soil erosion is still our number one sustainability issue. With the excessive rainfall we’ve had many fields are showing the scars of rills and gullies. And yet … We have the tools – so let’s put them to work. More
Scabby Heads. Image Credit: Alyssa Collins, Penn State
What to do if You Have Scab? - Articles Articles

What to do if You Have Scab?

Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Paul D. Esker

Here’s what to consider when your small grains have been hit hard by a Fusarium head scab epidemic More
Timing corn planting with black cutworm instar development is important for preventing damage to young corn seedlings. Photo credit: Roger Schmidt, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Bugwood.org.
Black Cutworm Management in Organic Field Corn - Articles Articles
Ecological pest management and cultural strategies are the best method for protecting crops against black cutworm damage on organic farms. More
Low lying fog in fields may indicate a temperature inversion. (Photo credit: Dwight Lingenfelter
Auxin Herbicide Drift and Temperature Inversions - Articles Articles
Temperature inversions can cause dicamba and 2,4-D to move great distances after application. Learn about the details below. More
Frequent heavy rains delay planting. Photo credit: Andrew Frankenfield
Crop Insurance: Prevented Planting Details - Articles Articles
More widespread heavy rain has delayed the already delayed corn and soybean planting. Farmers are now considering their options if they still have corn and soybeans to plant. More
Multiflora rose bush. Photo credit: Penn State Extension
Multiflora Rose Problems in Pastures? Control it Now! - Articles Articles
It is the right time to be scouting and managing multiflora rose in your pasture. More
Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State Extension.
Managing Soil Compaction Caused by Small Grain Silage Harvest - Articles Articles
Small grain silage harvest can cause soil compaction when the soil is wet. This can have negative effects on the following corn crop. More
Planting into Ryelage or Cover Crop Rye That Has Gotten Away
Planting into Ryelage or Cover Crop Rye That Has Gotten Away - Articles Articles
Successful planting into cover crop rye that has grown tall with the wet weather will depend on evaluating the biomass present and having the proper equipment set up for no-tilling into this. More
Assessing soybean populations. Photo credit: United Soybean Board
Assessing Corn and Soybean Populations and Replanting Decisions - Articles Articles
Recent heavy rains and excessively wet soil conditions have taken a toll on recently planted corn and soybean fields. Now is the time to take a look at those fields. More
Hairy vetch, rye, annual ryegrass, and clover cover crop being grazed. Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State University
Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops - Articles Articles

Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Grazing has been largely excluded from our croplands but is receiving new interest as an additional profit center for farmers as well as a way to improve soil. More
Photo Credit: Claire Coombs, Penn State Extension.
Preventing Sidewall Compaction - Articles Articles
With all this rain, patience can be tough but it is important to wait for good planting conditions to avoid sidewall compaction More
Emerged no-till soybeans (D. Lingenfelter, Penn State Weed Science)
No-till Soybeans Emerged Without a Burndown or Residual? - Articles Articles
If you did not have an opportunity to spray your no-till soybean fields before planting, read about some weed control options. More
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