Feed Management and Delivery

A checklist to determine the relative biosecurity risk of feed management and delivery in dairy herds.
Feed Management and Delivery - Articles


Biosecurity Risk Assessment - Feed Management and Delivery
Check most appropriate boxLow RiskModerate RiskHigh Risk
Feed Plan
Diets formulated based on feed availability, costs and animals needs. Work with nutritionist. Routine monitoring.Some formulation process used, but not strictly adhered too. Rotating nutritionist. Feed orts to older cows, not youngstock.
Diets not properly balanced at regular intervals. No use of nutritionist. No monitoring. Feed leftovers fed to youngstock.
Feed Preparation
Written SOP for feeding. One or 2 people solely responsible. Formulations account for animal numbers and feed moisture changes. Clean equipment. Feeds evaluated for contamination.Feeding protocols not strictly followed. Rotating personnel. Equipment not thoroughly cleaned between feedings.No feeding protocol. Numerous possible feeders. Equipment not clean, contains rotten feed.
Feedbunks and WaterersSufficient space for all animals. Smooth, easily cleaned surfaces. High quality feed and water always available.Elevated feed bunks. Feed pushed up but not cleaned out. Moderate feed, water availability.Limited feed and water space. Contaminated with feces, old feed. Limited availability.
Dietary MonitoringRoutinely evaluated for uniformity, particle size, sorting. DMI recorded by groups. Moisture levels determined.Diet evaluated only when problems. Moisture levels tested monthly or less.
No monitoring process. Moisture changes not accounted for.