Farm Hazard Hunt Display

This Demo will show many sources of farm hazards. Discussion of hazard prevention, developing a strategy to deal with potential hazards, and responding to injuries or fatalities from farm hazards.
Farm Hazard Hunt Display - Articles
In This Article
Farm Hazard Hunt Display

There is a Farm Hazard Hunt Instructors Manual available, please contact Stephen Brown at shb5060@psu.edu or 814-865-7158 on how to receive this manual.

Note: Ag Safety demonstrations and displays available for educators and presenters. If you would like to check for availability, have questions about the demonstrations, or would like to review a manual, please contact Stephen Brown.

Make Your Own: Farm Hazard Hunt

Materials list and instructions on how to create your own demonstration.

The hazard display is comprised of three sections of plywood that are hinged together so that they fold to be its own carrying case. The panels of plywood are faced with strips to finish the edges. A section of conduit is used to secure the panels in their folded position for transport and to serve as a handle. The handle swings out of the way when set up for display. Panels can be painted to represent grass, paved and dirt roads. Farm sets for play and model railroad layouts can be purchased on-line and at toy and hobby stores. Some of these contain farm vehicles while others can also be purchase at the same outlets. If you want to add items for detail such as trees, grass, water, silos, and sheds, model train supplies are almost limitless. Think about the farms in your area to determine if there are particular structures or layouts that you want to include. You may also want to think about the hazards you want to highlight in the display. See attached list for hazards used in the Perry County and Penn State Agriculture Safety and Health displays for ideas. It's a good idea to lay out the farm before painting the panels.

List of Materials

#Letter *
Material
2 A17 ¼ x 28 ¼ plywood**
1 B11 ¼ x 28 ¼ plywood
6 C28" ¼ pine**
4 D18" pine
2 E12" pine
2 --24" strip hinges
1 --15" length of ½" conduit for handle
2 --screw anchors with 10-24 thread
1 --10/24 wing nut
1 --#10 round head wood screw 1 ½" long
1 --Small package of ¾" brads

Other items:

  • Glues: a) wood glue, b) glue appropriate to securely attach display items to panels
  • Paint as needed for grass, roads, etc.
  • Farm set with appropriate buildings, machines, animals, etc.

* See attached schematic
** All plywood is ¼"
All pine strips are ¾" x 1 ½"

Assembly:

  1. Glue and nail the pine strips to the edges of the panels.
  2. Position hinges so that when the display is open all the panels will lay flat.
  3. Attach hinges.
  4. Position conduit so that the handle is centered on the sides of the "A" panels (see Transport Configuration diagram).
  5. Drill holes in the end of the conduit and the pine strips.
  6. Mount the conduit with the wood screw on one side of a panel. This is the pivot screw.
  7. Mount one anchor on the opposite panel. The wing nut is used on this side to keep the display together and the conduit handle secure for transport.
  8. With the conduit free from the anchor opposite the pivot screw, rotate the conduit so that it lies along the same side as the pivot screw. Use the hole in the conduit to mark where the second anchor screw should be attached. This will allow you to secure the handle with the wing nut when the display is in use.
  9. Paint panels as determined by your layout.
  10. Glue materials (very) securely.

Sample Hazards List

The sample hazards listed below are compiled from the Perry County Safety 4 Just Kids and the Penn State Agricultural Safety and Health Farm Hazard Displays. Consider commodity specific hazards (orchards, vineyards, etc.) if appropriate.

Tractors, Machinery and Vehicles:

  • No SMV emblems
  • Extra riders on tractors, lawnmowers, etc.
  • No ROPS
  • Individuals working in unsafe conditions such as under machines without bracing, etc.
  • Children in vicinity of operating machines (inside the safety zone)
  • Children playing on machines or in wagons
  • Bucket in wrong position on skid loader such as too high when moving
  • Round bales on skid loader not properly contained/secured.
  • Tractor working on steep slope
  • People riding in back of pick-up or skid loader bucket
  • ATV driver with no protective equipment
  • Person with foot on auger of grinder mixer
  • Tractor tongue resting on ground
  • Corn head resting (precariously) on saw horses
  • Person too close to PTO shaft

Structures:

  • Poor maintenance such as broken posts, doors, etc.
  • Broken fences
  • Improper (e.g., single wire) or no fencing (e.g., around manure pit)
  • Makeshift gates and fencing
  • Gates left open
  • Person leaning out hay mow door
  • Person climbing on elevator
  • Accessible ladders (e.g., grain bin ladders left going all the way to the ground, ladders left unattended)
  • Ladders at wrong angle to building (for every four feet in elevation, ladder should be one foot from building)

Children: (taking into consideration age-appropriate chores, etc.)

  • No Safe Play Area (this would include a fenced in area away from hazards)
  • Around hazardous equipment
  • Doing chores beyond their ability
  • Children in animal pens
  • Children playing on stacked or large bales

Hazardous Materials:

  • Chemicals inappropriately stored (e.g., unlabeled, near a well, out in open or otherwise not secured)
  • Spilled chemicals
  • Fuel station too close to building
  • Fuel stations unprotected by traffic barriers
  • Chemical storage building door open, no lock
  • No warning or pesticide hazard signs

Farm Ponds:

  • No fence
  • No life saving equipment

Other:

  • No lightning protection
  • Low wires that can get caught on machinery
  • Fence materials, tractor tires leaning against building
  • Debris in yard when mowing
  • Extension cord running across yard or driveway
  • Things in disrepair that create a hazard, (e.g., broken ladder rungs,
  • Undercut in silage bunker
  • Tires can hold water if not punctured allowing mosquitoes to breed (the source of West Nile virus)
  • Person in animal pen with back to animals