Energy Use and Efficiency

Information on renewable and alternative energy use and efficiency, including biogas production, biomass heating, farm energy efficiency and converting waste to energy. Tips on running diesel engine, green buildings and using wood stoves efficiently.

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Conversion Factors for English and SI (Metric) Units
Conversion Factors for English and SI (Metric) Units - Articles Articles
This article is intended to serve as a reference for converting many different types of measurements quickly and accurately from one system of units to another. More
Pennsylvania Farm Energy Efficiency
Pennsylvania Farm Energy Efficiency - Articles Articles

Pennsylvania Farm Energy Efficiency

Daniel Ciolkosz, P.E.

Penn State’s Farm Energy Efficiency program is a statewide initiative of Penn State Extension and part of Extension’s Renewable and Alternative Energy program. More
Roof vents should close snugly with no cracks or openings.
Things a Greenhouse Grower Can Do To Improve Energy Efficiency - Articles Articles
Operating a commercial greenhouse is one of the most rewarding ways to make a living, but it is not an automatic or easy task. More
How a Dairy Farmer Can Improve Energy Efficiency
How a Dairy Farmer Can Improve Energy Efficiency - Articles Articles
Are you looking for ways to cut your energy bill and stay competitive? If you're a dairy farmer, efficient energy use is critical to keeping your farm competitive in today's environment. More
Real-time Pricing for Electricity
Real-time Pricing for Electricity - Articles Articles
Real-time pricing for electricity- why it matters, how and when prices vary, purchasing when prices are low, and knowing prices and controlling load. More
Solar PV Electric Systems: Is There a Good Fit for Me?
Solar PV Electric Systems: Is There a Good Fit for Me? - Articles Articles
What are photo voltaic (PV) electric solar systems, the differences between roof-mounted and ground-mounted arrays, and how to determine which size is best for you. More
The Origins and Meaning of Net Metering
The Origins and Meaning of Net Metering - Articles Articles
The legal mandate that led to widespread deployment of net metering in Pennsylvania, has had as profound an effect on renewable electricity today. More
Make Your Transportation Habits More Renewable
Make Your Transportation Habits More Renewable - Articles Articles
Tips for Pennsylvanians wanting to go renewable. More
High Efficiency Lighting for the Farm - Part 2
High Efficiency Lighting for the Farm - Part 2 - Articles Articles
Upgrade options and common pitfalls for farm lighting. More
High Efficiency Lighting for the Farm: Part 1 - Light Sources
High Efficiency Lighting for the Farm: Part 1 - Light Sources - Articles Articles
Discussion on choosing the best light source for you by reviewing typical lamp types and performance. More
Energy Efficient Lighting for Farms
Energy Efficient Lighting for Farms - Articles Articles
Follow these tips to help make sure that your new lighting system is truly efficient. More
Using Your Wood Stove Efficiently and Effectively
Using Your Wood Stove Efficiently and Effectively - Articles Articles
Wood Stove Efficiency: Using a high-efficiency stove, using dry wood, keeping the fire hot, and not starving the fire. More
Sustainability in America - Waste To Energy
Sustainability in America - Waste To Energy - Articles Articles
There are many untapped potential waste streams in our state that are valuable resources for energy. More
Energy Savings for Farmers and Landowners
Energy Savings for Farmers and Landowners - Articles Articles
The Farm Energy Efficiency program is a statewide initiative of the Penn State Extension and part of Extension’s Renewable and Alternative Energy program portfolio. More
Green buildings, such as the Stuckeman Family Building at Penn State, are designed to use less energy and have fewer impacts on the ecosystem
Green Buildings and Bioenergy - Articles Articles

Green Buildings and Bioenergy

Daniel Ciolkosz, P.E., Michael Jacobson, Ph.D.

What are Green buildings and bioenergy; and how can bioenergy can work in green buildings. More
Cooking With Gas!
Cooking With Gas! - Articles Articles
Many families in the People's Republic of China produce and utilize biogas for cooking meals, lighting their homes and even crop protection and storage. More
One of two cider presses at Kauffman's Fruit Farm & Market
Energy Efficiency: Cider Press - Articles Articles

Energy Efficiency: Cider Press

Daniel Ciolkosz, P.E.

Real-time energy monitoring sites at horticultural operations throughout PA. Kauffman's Fruit Farm & Market in Bird-in-Hand, Lancaster County, is the site example for a cider press. More
Energy Efficiency in Horticultural Operations
Energy Efficiency in Horticultural Operations - Articles Articles
A variety of methods and tips to help horticultural producers improve their energy efficiency, make their operations more ecologically friendly, and improve their bottom line. More
Operate Ventilation Systems for Maximum Efficiency Operate Ventilation Systems for Maximum Efficiency - Articles
The operating efficiency of a ventilation fan can be reduced 30-50% by the accumulation of dust on fan blades and housing or by shutters that do not operate freely. More
Switch to Three-Phase Electricity, if Available
Switch to Three-Phase Electricity, if Available - Articles Articles
As farms become larger and more mechanized, the need for larger electric motors also increases. Three-phase electrical power needs to be considered on all farms. More
Financial Assistance
Financial Assistance - Articles Articles

Financial Assistance

Daniel Ciolkosz, P.E.

Pennsylvania has an established network of Universal Service Programs for helping those in need to gain access to affordable energy. More
Managing Your Electrical Demand
Managing Your Electrical Demand - Articles Articles

Managing Your Electrical Demand

Daniel Ciolkosz, P.E.

Managing electrical demand for farmers who are classified as "commercial" or "industrial" customers of electricity. More
Payment Options Payment Options - Articles
Utility companies offer a choices for how your monthly energy bills are calculated and how you can pay your bills. More
Gerald Holmes, California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo, Bugwood.org
Run Tractors and Other Diesel Engines at Peak Performance - Articles Articles
Achieving (and maintaining) peak performance of your engines will result in many benefits such as high fuel efficiency, reduced maintenance expenses, reduced downtime, and extended life. More
Electricity Deregulation
Electricity Deregulation - Articles Articles

Electricity Deregulation

Daniel Ciolkosz, P.E.

The deregulation of electricity generation provides electricity customers with far more options in terms of how they purchase and use electricity. More
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