Agricultural Alternatives

The goal of the Agricultural Alternatives series is to help you evaluate all aspects of a given enterprise before you commit your time and money. Whether you are a full-time farmer looking to diversify or a part-time farmer looking to generate additional income from your property, there are many important issues to consider when selecting a new enterprise.

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Beef Cattle in feedlot
Feeding Beef Cattle - Articles Articles

Feeding Beef Cattle

Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., John W. Comerford

Beef cattle feeding is possible on small and part-time farms, but the cost of feeding drops significantly as the size of the operation increases. More
Dairy Beef
Dairy-Beef Production - Articles Articles

Dairy-Beef Production

Tara L. Felix, Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., John W. Comerford

Production of high-quality dairy-beef is relatively new to the beef industry and depends almost entirely on Holstein bull calves. More
Dairy Heifers
Dairy Heifer Production - Articles Articles

Dairy Heifer Production

Jud Heinrichs, Virginia A. Ishler, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

In most herds, dairy farmers replace 25 to 30 percent of the herd each year. These replacements represent a significant financial investment. More
Dairy Goat
Dairy Goat Production - Articles Articles

Dairy Goat Production

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD, Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D.

Dairy goat production is an alternative livestock enterprise suitable for many small-scale or part-time livestock operations. More
Crianza de Caprinos
Crianza de Caprinos - Articles Articles

Crianza de Caprinos

Melanie Barkley, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Miguel Antonio Saviroff, MS

La carne del ganado caprino se consume ampliamente en todo el mundo, especialmente en los países en desarrollo. More
Flower Production
Cut Flower Production - Articles Articles

Cut Flower Production

Thomas Ford, Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Steve Bogash

The specialty cut-flower business may fit well into a small-scale and part-time farming operation. More
Budgeting for Agricultural Decision Making
Budgeting for Agricultural Decision Making - Articles Articles

Budgeting for Agricultural Decision Making

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

The various types of budgets are used for different purposes and this publication provides information covering the most commonly used budgets in agriculture. More
Boarding Horses
Boarding Horses - Articles Articles

Boarding Horses

Donna Foulk, Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D.

Many people enjoy activities involving horses; however, they don't have the facilities to house their animals. More
Beekeeping - Honey Bees
Beekeeping - Honey Bees - Articles Articles

Beekeeping - Honey Bees

Maryann Frazier, Tom Butzler, Lynn Kime, Timothy Kelsey, Ph.D., Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D.

Honey bees can be managed to produce many products, but they are even more valued for the major role they play in pollination of agricultural crops. More
Beef Production
Beef Production - Articles Articles

Beef Production

Lynn Kime

Beef cattle is a major industry in PA with over 25,000 farms. More
Beef calf
Beef Cow-Calf Production - Articles Articles

Beef Cow-Calf Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., H. Louis Moore, Ph.D., John W. Comerford

The beef cow-calf business is well adapted to small-scale and part-time farmers who have land suitable for pasture and hay production. More
Beef cattle
Beef Background Production - Articles Articles

Beef Background Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

Backgrounding is a beef production system that involves maximal use of pasture and forages from the time calves are weaned until they are placed in a feedlot. More
Agricultural Business Insurance
Agricultural Business Insurance - Articles Articles

Agricultural Business Insurance

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

Risk management can take many forms, including insurance, production diversification, and business structure More
Red Deer
Red Deer Production - Articles Articles

Red Deer Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

Potential producers will need to be very active in marketing their product and be aware of the special handling requirements involved with deer. More
Bedded white-tailed deer
White-tailed Deer Production - Articles Articles
White-tailed deer farming has become an established and growing industry over the past two decades. More