Agricultural Alternatives

The goal of the Agricultural Alternatives series is to help you evaluate all aspects of a given enterprise before you commit your time and money. Whether you are a full-time farmer looking to diversify or a part-time farmer looking to generate additional income from your property, there are many important issues to consider when selecting a new enterprise.

91 Results

List Grid

Beekeeping - Honey Bees
Beekeeping - Honey Bees - Articles Articles

Beekeeping - Honey Bees

Maryann Frazier, Tom Butzler, Lynn Kime, Timothy Kelsey, Ph.D., Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D.

Honey bees can be managed to produce many products, but they are even more valued for the major role they play in pollination of agricultural crops. More
Beef Production
Beef Production - Articles Articles

Beef Production

Lynn Kime

Beef cattle is a major industry in PA with over 25,000 farms. More
Beef calf
Beef Cow-Calf Production - Articles Articles

Beef Cow-Calf Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., H. Louis Moore, Ph.D., John W. Comerford

The beef cow-calf business is well adapted to small-scale and part-time farmers who have land suitable for pasture and hay production. More
Beef cattle
Beef Background Production - Articles Articles

Beef Background Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

Backgrounding is a beef production system that involves maximal use of pasture and forages from the time calves are weaned until they are placed in a feedlot. More
Agricultural Business Insurance
Agricultural Business Insurance - Articles Articles

Agricultural Business Insurance

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

Risk management can take many forms, including insurance, production diversification, and business structure More
Red Deer
Red Deer Production - Articles Articles

Red Deer Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

Potential producers will need to be very active in marketing their product and be aware of the special handling requirements involved with deer. More
Bedded white-tailed deer
White-tailed Deer Production - Articles Articles
White-tailed deer farming has become an established and growing industry over the past two decades. More
Watermelon
Watermelon Production - Articles Articles

Watermelon Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D.

There are multiple markets for growers with 5 acres or fewer. Many field operations - such as land preparation, planting, and harvesting - can be custom-hired. More
Tomatoes on the Vine
Tomato Production - Articles Articles

Tomato Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D.

Many marketing opportunities are available for small-scale growers, making it easier for growers to find niche and more substantial markets. More
Pumpkins
Pumpkin Production - Articles Articles

Pumpkin Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D.

Pumpkins are well-suited to small-scale and part-time farming operations. Marketing opportunities, such as wholesale, retail, and pick-your-own, are options. More
Producción de Brócoli
Producción de Brócoli - Articles Articles

Producción de Brócoli

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Miguel Antonio Saviroff, MS, Michael Orzolek, Ph.D., William Lamont, Jr., Ph.D.

El brócoli es un cultivo que se presta bien a las operaciones agrícolas de pequeña escala y de tiempo parcial. More
Peppers
Pepper Production - Articles Articles

Pepper Production

Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D., Steve Bogash

Peppers lend themselves well to small-scale and part-time farming operations. More
Organic Vegetable Production
Organic Vegetable Production - Articles Articles

Organic Vegetable Production

Elsa Sanchez, Ph.D., Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

Certification and labor costs are high but returns have the potential to be high where markets are well developed for organic products. More
Potatoes
Potato Production - Articles Articles

Potato Production

Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., William Lamont, Jr., Ph.D.

With many varieties and high consumer consumption, potatoes fit well with many small growers and can be marketed through various outlets. More
Drip irrigation of bell peppers
Drip Irrigation for Vegetable Production - Articles Articles

Drip Irrigation for Vegetable Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Albert Jarrett, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D.

Drip or trickle irrigation is a very efficient method of applying water and nutrients to crops. More
Cucumber
Cucumber Production - Articles Articles

Cucumber Production

Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D., Steve Bogash

Multiple markets exist for growers with fewer than 5 acres, and many field operations, such as land preparation, planting, and harvesting, can be custom hired. More
Asparagus
Asparagus Production - Articles Articles

Asparagus Production

Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D.

Asparagus is a perennial crop that lends itself well to small-scale and part-time farming operations. More
Asparagus Grower Interview
Asparagus Grower Interview - Videos Videos

Asparagus Grower Interview

Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D.

2:01

Asparagus producer video explaining the benefits and drawbacks of asparagus production. More
Strawberries on Matted Row
Strawberry Production - Articles Articles

Strawberry Production

Kathy Demchak, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D.

The high value of strawberries creates potential for sizable profit from a small planting; however, the potential for serious problems also exists. More
Red Raspberries
Red Raspberry Production - Articles Articles

Red Raspberry Production

Kathy Demchak, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

Raspberry production is well suited to small farms, as a small area of raspberries can provide significant income and equipment needs for an acre or so of raspberries are not great. More
Wine Grape Production
Wine Grape Production - Articles Articles

Wine Grape Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

Grapes are produced in many areas throughout the Commonwealth and lend themselves well to small-scale and part-time farming operations. More
Peaches
Peach Production - Articles Articles

Peach Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Robert Crassweller, Ph.D.

The life of the orchard is expected to be at least 20 years, so the initial investment may be spread over a longer period of time than many crops. More
Irrigation for Fruit and Vegetable Production
Irrigation for Fruit and Vegetable Production - Articles Articles

Irrigation for Fruit and Vegetable Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., William Lamont, Jr., Ph.D.

Irrigation often is necessary because of the uneven distribution of precipitation throughout the year, especially during critical growth periods. More
Blueberries
Highbush Blueberry Production - Articles Articles

Highbush Blueberry Production

Kathy Demchak, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D.

Blueberries are well suited for small-scale and part-time farm operations. More
Golden Delicious Apples
Apple Production - Articles Articles

Apple Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Robert Crassweller, Ph.D.

Apples may be grown in many parts of the country and lend themselves well to part-time farming operations. More