Agricultural Alternatives

The goal of the Agricultural Alternatives series is to help you evaluate all aspects of a given enterprise before you commit your time and money. Whether you are a full-time farmer looking to diversify or a part-time farmer looking to generate additional income from your property, there are many important issues to consider when selecting a new enterprise.

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Managing Small Woodlots
Managing Small Woodlots - Articles Articles

Managing Small Woodlots

David R. Jackson, Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., James Finley, Ph.D.

Woodlot owners can improve your woods for the future or cause damage from which it might not recover for generations. More
Estate Planning for Pennsylvania Farm Families
Estate Planning for Pennsylvania Farm Families - Articles Articles

Estate Planning for Pennsylvania Farm Families

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Ashley Ellixson, Paul Goeringer

It's time to get a dialogue started with family to determine a strategy for transferring farm assets that can help minimize stress and the potential tax burdens on your heirs. More
Cucumber
Cucumber Production - Articles Articles

Cucumber Production

Elsa Sanchez, Ph.D., Francesco Di Gioia, Ph. D., Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D., Steve Bogash

Multiple markets exist for growers with fewer than 5 acres, and many field operations, such as land preparation, planting, and harvesting, can be custom hired. More
Photo Credit: Alyssa A. Collins
Industrial Hemp Production - Articles Articles

Industrial Hemp Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Alyssa Collins, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D., Heather E. Manzo

This publication focuses on growing industrial hemp for either seed or fiber on an agronomic crop farm with a typical complement of tillage, planting, and harvest equipment. More
Farmstead and Artisan Cheesemaking
Farmstead and Artisan Cheesemaking - Articles Articles

Farmstead and Artisan Cheesemaking

Sarah Cornelisse, Kerry E. Kaylegian, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Emily Montgomery

The renaissance of farm-based dairy processing can be attractive, but it is imperative that farmers research and plan all aspects of a new enterprise. More
Golden Delicious Apples
Apple Production - Articles Articles

Apple Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Robert Crassweller, Ph.D.

Apples may be grown in many parts of the country and lend themselves well to part-time farming operations. More
Red Raspberries
Red Raspberry Production - Articles Articles

Red Raspberry Production

Kathy Demchak, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

Raspberry production is well suited to small farms, as a small area of raspberries can provide significant income and equipment needs for an acre or so of raspberries are not great. More
Blueberries
Highbush Blueberry Production - Articles Articles

Highbush Blueberry Production

Kathy Demchak, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D.

Blueberries are well suited for small-scale and part-time farm operations. More
Peaches
Peach Production - Articles Articles

Peach Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime, Robert Crassweller, Ph.D.

The life of the orchard is expected to be at least 20 years, so the initial investment may be spread over a longer period of time than many crops. More
Boarding Horses
Boarding Horses - Articles Articles

Boarding Horses

Donna Foulk, Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D.

Many people enjoy activities involving horses; however, they don't have the facilities to house their animals. More
Drip irrigation of bell peppers
Drip Irrigation for Vegetable Production - Articles Articles

Drip Irrigation for Vegetable Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Albert Jarrett, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D.

Drip or trickle irrigation is a very efficient method of applying water and nutrients to crops. More
Organic Vegetable Production
Organic Vegetable Production - Articles Articles

Organic Vegetable Production

Elsa Sanchez, Ph.D., Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

Certification and labor costs are high but returns have the potential to be high where markets are well developed for organic products. More
Garlic Bulbs
Garlic Production - Articles Articles

Garlic Production

Thomas Ford, Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D., Steve Bogash

Garlic is a crop that is well suited to a small acreage or as part of a larger direct marketing operation looking to diversify its mix of crops. More
Beef calf
Beef Cow-Calf Production - Articles Articles

Beef Cow-Calf Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., H. Louis Moore, Ph.D., John W. Comerford

The beef cow-calf business is well adapted to small-scale and part-time farmers who have land suitable for pasture and hay production. More
Potatoes
Potato Production - Articles Articles

Potato Production

Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., William Lamont, Jr., Ph.D.

With many varieties and high consumer consumption, potatoes fit well with many small growers and can be marketed through various outlets. More
Asparagus Grower Interview
Asparagus Grower Interview - Videos Videos

Asparagus Grower Interview

Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D.

2:01

Asparagus producer video explaining the benefits and drawbacks of asparagus production. More
Asparagus
Asparagus Production - Articles Articles

Asparagus Production

Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D.

Asparagus is a perennial crop that lends itself well to small-scale and part-time farming operations. More
Beef Cattle in feedlot
Feeding Beef Cattle - Articles Articles

Feeding Beef Cattle

Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., John W. Comerford

Beef cattle feeding is possible on small and part-time farms, but the cost of feeding drops significantly as the size of the operation increases. More
Community Supported Agriculture (CSA)
Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) - Articles Articles

Community Supported Agriculture (CSA)

Lynn Kime, Kathy Kelley, Ph.D., Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D.

Community-supported agriculture (CSA) is a concept designed to encourage relationships between consumers and growers. More
Budgeting for Agricultural Decision Making
Budgeting for Agricultural Decision Making - Articles Articles

Budgeting for Agricultural Decision Making

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

The various types of budgets are used for different purposes and this publication provides information covering the most commonly used budgets in agriculture. More
Onions
Onion Production - Articles Articles

Onion Production

Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Michael Orzolek, Ph.D.

Dry onions are a crop that lends itself well to small-scale and part-time farming operations. More
Introduction to Aquaculture
Introduction to Aquaculture - Articles Articles

Introduction to Aquaculture

Thomas Ford, Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D.

The type of aquaculture operation that you begin will be influenced by your financial and labor resources as well as available markets. More
Earthworm Production
Earthworm Production - Articles Articles

Earthworm Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

Most commercially raised worms live in surface litter and feed on decaying organic matter. More
Wine Grape Production
Wine Grape Production - Articles Articles

Wine Grape Production

Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

Grapes are produced in many areas throughout the Commonwealth and lend themselves well to small-scale and part-time farming operations. More
Beekeeping - Honey Bees
Beekeeping - Honey Bees - Articles Articles

Beekeeping - Honey Bees

Maryann Frazier, Tom Butzler, Lynn Kime, Timothy Kelsey, Ph.D., Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D.

Honey bees can be managed to produce many products, but they are even more valued for the major role they play in pollination of agricultural crops. More
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