Beth K. Gugino, Ph.D.

Associate Professor Vegetable Pathology

    Expertise:

    Integrated vegetable disease management
    Plant pathogen diagnosis
    Disease monitoring and forecasting
    Sustainable crop production

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    About Me

    Areas of Interest

    Diseases of vegetables; Development of integrated vegetable crop management educational programming

    Current Graduate Students

    Former Graduate Students

    Vegetable Pathology Team

    Program Interests

    The goal of my extension education and adaptive research program is to develop integrated management strategies for important and emerging diseases of the major vegetable crops grown in Pennsylvania and provide statewide leadership in the area of vegetable pathology. Specifically these responsibilities include working with research faculty, extension specialists and county-based educators to develop integrated pest and crop management strategies to address important and emerging diseases of the major vegetable crops grown in Pennsylvania as well as use existing and new technologies to provide growers and other ag service providers with research-based information on pathogen biology, epidemiology and vegetable disease management.

    Current research/extension projects include the elucidation and management of onion bacterial diseases, use of cover and green manure crops as well as mushroom compost for the management of soil-borne pathogens, and delivery of computer-based tomato/potato early and late blight disease forecasting information via the Pennsylvania PIPE and Cornell Late Blight Decision Support System. I also conduct fungicide efficacy trials for commonly occurring diseases on tomatoes, snap beans, onions and cucurbits in PA. With increasing concern about fungicide resistance and cost of inputs, selection of the most effective fungicides/biopesticides is an important component of an IPM program.

    Most recently, a team of Penn State Extension Educators and Specialists received funding from the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture Specialty Crop Block Grant to establish sustainable hops production recommendations for the Pennsylvania hops industry using integrated pest management tools. For the latest information on this project follow up on Facebook at the Penn State Extension Hops Project!

    As part of larger regional and national projects, I also participate in pest monitoring and prediction efforts for cucurbit and basil downy mildews (http://cdm.ipmpipe.org/index.php) and tomato/potato late blight (http://usablight.org) that help disseminate timely information about confirmed outbreaks that growers can use to make in-season disease management decisions. For the latest information regarding disease and insect outbreaks and vegetable crop production, visit our Vegetable and Small Fruit Extension Team website.

    Teaching

    • AGECO/ENT/PPEM 457: Integrated Pest Management

    Publications

    Fry, W.E., P.R.J. Birch, H.S. Judelson, N.J. Grunwald, G. Danies, K.L. Everts, A.J. Gevens, B.K. Gugino, D.A. Johnson, S.B. Johnson, M.T. McGrath, K.L. Myers, J.B. Ristaino, P.D. Roberts, G. Secor and C.D. Smart. 2015. Re-emerging Phytophthora infestans. Phytopathology 105:966-981.

    Danies, G., K. Meyers, M. Mideros, S. Restrepo, F.N. Martin, D. Cooke, C.D. Smart, J.B. Ristaino, A.J. Seaman, B.K. Gugino, N.J. Grunwald, and W.E. Fry. 2014. An ephemeral sexual populations of Phytophthora infestans in the Northeastern United States and Canada. PLoS ONE 9:e116354.doi:10.137/journal.pone.0116354.

    Schwartz, H.F., D. Alston, J. Alwang, M. Bartolo, T. Blunt, C. Boateng, B. Bunn, C. Cramer, W. Cranshaw, J. Davidson, M. Derie, J. Doran, K. Douce, D. Drost, L. du Toit, J. Gao, T. Gourd, B. Gugino, B. Hammon, J. Hardin, M. Hausbeck, G. Jibilian, J. Lafferty, J. LaForest, M. McMillan, S. Mohan, J. Morrice, B. Nault, C. Nischwitz, G. Norton, K. Otto, H. Pappu, M. Peterson, R. Sampangi, B. Schroeder, W. Secor, S. Szostek, N. Tisserat, M. Uchanski, J. VanKirk, T. Waters, P. Wiriyajitsonboon and C. Wohleb. 2014. Onion ipmPIPE: A coordinated effort to improve the management of onion thrips and Iris yellow spot virus for the U.S. onion industry. Plant Health Progress 15: 172-183.

    Demers, J., B.K. Gugino and M.M. Jimenez-Gasco. 2015. Highly diverse endophytic and saprobic Fusarium oxysporum populations associated with field-grown tomato plants. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 81: 81-90. Accepted and posted online 17 Oct 2014 doi:10.1128/AEM.02590-14.

    Foolad, M.R., M.T. Sullenberger, E.W. Ohlson, and B.K. Gugino. 2014. Response of accessions within tomato wild species Solanum pimpinellifolium to late blight. Plant Breeding 133: 401-411.

    Lavely, E.K., B.K. Gugino, K. Demchak, and R.P. Marini. 2013. The effect of Rhizoctonia fragariae, soil type, compost and mechanical root injury of strawberry growth. Journal of the American Pomological Society 67: 228-236.

    Malcolm, G.M., G.A. Kuldau, B.K. Gugino, and M.M. Jimenez-Gasco. 2013. Hidden host-plant associations of soilborne fungal pathogens: An ecological perspective. Phytopathology 103: 538-544.

    Abd-Elmagid, A., P.A. Garrido, R. Hunger, J.L. Lyles, M.A. Mansfield, B.K. Gugino, D.L. Smith, H.A. Melouk, and C.D. Garzon. 2012. Discriminatory simplex and multiplex PCR for four species of the genus Sclerotinia. Journal of Microbiological Methods 92: 293-300.

    Fry, W.E., M.T. McGrath, A. Seaman, T.A. Zitter, A. McLeod, G. Danies, I.M. Small, K. Myers, K. Everts, A.J. Gevens, B.K. Gugino, S.B. Johnson, H. Judelson, J. Ristano, P. Roberts, G. Secor, K. Seebold, K. Snover-Clift, A. Wyenandt, N.J. Grunwald, and C.D. Smart. 2012. The 2009 late blight pandemic in Eastern USA: Causes and results. Plant Disease 97: 296-306.

    Fry, W.E., M.T. McGrath, A. Seaman, T.A. Zitter, A. McLeod, G. Danies, I. Small, K. Myers, K. Everts, A. Gevens, B.K. Gugino, S. Johnson, H. Judelson, J. Ristaino, P. Robers, G. Secor, K. Seebold, K. Snover-Clift, A. Wyenandt, N.J. Grunwald, and C.D. Smart. 2012. The 2009 late blight pandemic in Eastern USA. APSnet Features doi:10.1094/APSnetFeature-2012.

    Pollock, J.R., M.M. Mansfield, B.K. Gugino and S. R. May. 2012. First report of leaf curl on celery caused by Colletotrichum acutatum in the United States. Plant Disease 96: 1692.

    Everts, K.L., L. Osborne, A.J. Gevens, S.J. Vasquez, B.K. Gugino, K. Ivors and C. Harmon. 2012. Extension plant pathology: Strengthening resources to continue serving the public interest. Phytopathology 102: 652-655.

    Ojambo, P.S. et al. 2011. Cucurbit downy mildew ipmPIPE: A next generation web-based interactive tool for disease management and extension outreach. Online. Plant Health Progress doi:10.1094/PHP-2011-0411-01-RV.

    Wyenandt, C.A., S.L. Rideout, B.K. Gugino, M.T. McGrath. K.L. Everts and R.P. Mulrooney. 2010. Fungicide resistance management guidelines for the control of tomato diseases in the mid-Atlantic and northeast regions of the U.S. Online. Plant Health Progress doi:10.1094/PHP-2010-0827-01-MG.

    Kikkert, J.R., S. Reiners, and B.K. Gugino. 2010. Row width, population density and harvest date effects on marketable yield of table beets. HortTechnology 20:560-567.

    Wyenandt, C.A., M.T. McGrath, S.L. Rideout, B.K Gugino, K.L. Everts and R.P. Mulrooney. 2009. Fungicide resistance management guidelines for cucurbit downy and powdery mildew control in the mid-Atlantic and Northeast regions of the United States. Crop Management doi:10.1094/CM-2009-0629-010BR.

    Idowu, O.J., H.M. vanes, G.S. Abawi, D.W. Wolfe, R.R. Schindelbeck, B.N. Moebius-Clune and B.K. Gugino. 2009. Use of an integrative soil health test for evaluation of soil management impacts. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 24:214-224.

    Schindelbeck, R.R., H.M. van Es, G.S. Abawi, D.W. Wolfe, T.L. Whitlow, B.K. Gugino, O.J. Idowu, and B.N. Moebius. 2008. Integrated assessment of soil quality for landscape and urban management. Landscape and Urban Planning 88:73-80.

    Idowu, O.J., H.M. van Es, G.S. Abawi, D.W. Wolfe, J.I. Ball, B.K. Gugino, B.N. Moebius, R.R. Schindelbeck, and A.V. Biligi. 2008. Farmer-oriented assessment of soil quality using field, laboratory, and VNIR spectroscopy methods. Plant and Soil 307:243-253.

    Moebius-Clune, B.N, H.M. van Es, O.J. Idowu, R.R. Schindelbeck, D.J. Moebius-Clune, D.W. Wolfe, G.S. Abawi, J.E. Thies, B.K. Gugino and R. Lucey. 2008. Long-term effects of harvesting maize stover and tillage on soil quality. Soil Science Society of America Journal 72(4):960-969.

    Gugino, B.K., J.W. Ludwig, and G.S. Abawi. 2008. An on-farm bioassay for assessing Meloidogyne hapla infestations as a decision management tool. Crop Protection 27:785-791.

    Gugino, B.K., G.S. Abawi, P.J. Chen, J.E. Carroll, and T.L. Widmer. 2007. An IPM program for managing fungal leaf blight diseases of carrot in New York. Plant Disease 91:59-65.

    Gugino, B.K., G.S. Abawi, P. Chen, J.E. Carroll, and T.L. Widmer. 2007. Field evaluation of carrot cultivars for susceptibility to fungal leaf blight diseases in New York. Crop Protection 26:709-714.

    Gugino, B.K., G.S. Abawi, and J.W. Ludwig. 2006. Damage and management of root-knot nematode on carrot in New York. Journal of Nematology 38(4):483-490.

    Select Extension Publications

    Wyenandt, C.A., N. Kleczewski, K.L. Everts, S.L. Rideout, B.K. Gugino, and M. Rahman. 2016. Fungicide Resistance Management Guidelines for Vegetable Crops Grown in the mid-Atlantic Region – 2016. New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station, Rutgers University. 34 pp.

    Sanchez, E., T.E. Elkner, W.J. Lamont, K. Demchak, B.K. Gugino, S.J. Fleischer, K. Watrous, L. LaBorde, and K. Hoffman. 2016. 2016 Mid-Atlantic Commercial Vegetable Production Recommendations. Penn State Cooperative Extension, Pennsylvania Agricultural Experiment Station, and The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA. 371 pp.

    Wyenandt, C.A., M.T. McGrath, B.K. Gugino, K.L. Everts, S.L. Rideout, and N. Kleczewski. 2013. 2013 Fungicide resistance management guidelines for cucurbit downy mildew and powdery mildew in the Northeast. New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station, Rutgers University. 1p.

    Gugino, B.K. and T.L. Grove. 2015. Evaluation of select biofungicides and biofungicide programs for the management of late blight on tomato, 2014. Plant Disease Management Reports 9:V016. Online publication. doi:10.1094/PDMR09. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN.

    Gugino, B.K. and T.L. Grove. 2015. Efficacy of select fungicides for the management of powdery mildew on pumpkin, 2014. Plant Disease Management Reports 9:V015. Online publication. doi:10.1094/PDMR09. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN.

    Gugino, B.K. and T.L. Grove. 2015. Evaluation of select biofungicides and fungicide programs for the management of downy mildew of cucumber, 2014. Plant Disease Management Reports 9:V014. Online publication. doi:10.1094/PDMR09. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN.

    Gugino, B.K. and T.L. Grove. 2014. Evaluation of select fungicides and fungicide programs for the management of powdery mildew on pumpkin, 2013. Plant Disease Management Reports 8:V206. Online publication. doi:10.1094/PDMR08. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN.

    Gugino, B.K. and T.L. Grove. 2014. Evaluation of select fungicides and fungicide programs for the management of late blight on tomato, 2013. Plant Disease Management Reports 8:V205. Online publication. doi:10.1094/PDMR08. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN.

    Gugino, B.K. and S. May. 2013. Tomato-potato late blight in the home garden. Penn State Extension, Pennsylvania Agricultural Experiment Station, and The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 4pp.

    Gugino, B.K., O.J. Idowu, R.R. Schindelbeck, H.M. van Es, D.W. Wolfe, J.E. Thies, and G.S. Abawi. 2007. Cornell Soil Health Assessment Training Manual 2nd Edition, Cornell University , Geneva , NY. 60 pp. (http://soilhealth.cals.cornell.edu ).

    Gugino, B.K., J. Carroll, J. Chen, J. Ludwig and G.S. Abawi. 2004. Carrot leaf blight disease and their management in New York. Cornell Cooperative Extension IPM Factsheet. (http://www.nysipm.cornell.edu/factsheets/vegetables/misc/clb.pdf).

    Select Trade Journal Articles and Interviews

    Gugino, B.K. Late blight management approaches. Vegetable Growers News Interview. 11 January 2016.

    Pfeufer, E., C. Hoepting, and B. Gugino. 2015. Advances in managing onion bacterial diseases in the Northeastern U.S. Onion World 31(6): 22-27.

    Hoepting, C., K. Klotzbach, J. Reid and B. Gugino. 2011. Using cultural practices to manage bacterial diseases and increase profitability. Onion World 27(1):10-14.

    Background

    Education
    Ph.D. Plant Pathology, The Pennsylvania State University M.S. Plant Pathology, The Pennsylvania State University B.S. Horticulture, The Pennsylvania State University