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Poison hemlock in the spring time along a fencerow. Image from Ohio State University.
Livestock Producers Should Recognize and Manage Poison Hemlock - Articles Articles

Livestock Producers Should Recognize and Manage Poison Hemlock

Dwight Lingenfelter, William S. Curran, Ph.D.

“This is the time of year when you start to notice poison hemlock. Best management practices should take place before it flowers, produces more seed, and continues to spread”. More
Grazing Residue Height Matters
Grazing Residue Height Matters - Articles Articles

Grazing Residue Height Matters

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

It is important to remember to keep an eye on residue heights to eliminate over-grazing and the problems that occur as a result. More
In Search of the Perfect Brood Ewe
In Search of the Perfect Brood Ewe - Articles Articles
Items to think about as you search for the perfect brood ewe to fit your farm resources and your management style. More
Use Birth Weight as a Selection Tool
Use Birth Weight as a Selection Tool - Articles Articles
The use of National Sheep Improvement Program estimated breeding values (EBVs) can help a producer utilize lamb birth weights as a selection tool. More
Most forages and a good quality mineral mix meet nutritional requirements of mature ewes. But, ewes will need additional mineral supplements, particularly during the last third of gestation. Photo: Melanie Barkley, Penn State
Are Your Sheep Consuming Enough Calcium? - Articles Articles
Minerals are essential to support skeletal and nervous system functions. But, have you balanced your current mineral program lately with the forages and other feeds that your sheep are consuming? More
Overgrazing pastures compromises pasture production and exposes the soil to erosion
Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures - Articles Articles

Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures

Justin Brackenrich, Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

The summer is upon us and cool season grasses are slowing down their growth. This is the time to pay attention so you don’t overgraze those pastures. More
Hairy vetch, rye, annual ryegrass, and clover cover crop being grazed. Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State University
Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops - Articles Articles

Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Grazing has been largely excluded from our croplands but is receiving new interest as an additional profit center for farmers as well as a way to improve soil. More
Manure Fertilizer, Photo Credit: Nicole Santangelo, PSU
Is Your Farm Ready for Inspection? - Articles Articles
By the end of 2018, 1 in 5 Pennsylvania farms within the Chesapeake Bay watershed will have been visited by the Chesapeake Bay Agricultural Inspections Program. More
4-H Livestock Biosecurity Tips Fact Sheet
4-H Livestock Biosecurity Tips Fact Sheet - Articles Articles
Biosecurity benchmarks to help keep you and your animals safe. More
During early spring, sheep often meet their water requirements through consuming lush pasture.
Have You Tested The Water Lately? - Articles Articles
One of the most important components of a sheep's diet is water. Poor water quality can affect intake, which in turn affects animal growth and milk production. More
St. Croix sheep have shown resistance to parasites and tolerance to hot weather. Photo by ARS.
Prevent Parasites Through Grazing Management - Articles Articles
Grazing management and genetic selection can help your flock minimize the impact of parasites. More
Biosecurity Overview
Biosecurity Overview - Articles Articles

Biosecurity Overview

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD

Farm Biosecurity: Management practices to minimize or prevent the transmission of disease within and between herds and flocks. More
Biosecurity Risk of Vets, Ag Service Personnel and Visitors
Biosecurity Risk of Vets, Ag Service Personnel and Visitors - Articles Articles
A checklist to determine the biosecurity risk of individuals to dairy herds. More
Biosecurity Fundamentals
Biosecurity Fundamentals - Articles Articles

Biosecurity Fundamentals

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD, Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD, Bhushan M. Jayarao, MVSc, PhD, MPH

The basics of disease biosecurity, why a biosecurity plan should be implemented, and how to get a plan in motion. More
Take Advantage of Your Existing Markets
Take Advantage of Your Existing Markets - Articles Articles
When it comes to the livestock business, or any agricultural enterprise, a broad perspective and an open mind about potential market channels can help strengthen your business. More
The most accurate method to assess the genetic potential of your sheep is through EBV data.
Use Flock Records to Set Goals and Make Selection Decisions - Articles Articles
Where are you headed in the future? Do you have any production goals for your flock of sheep? More
The most accurate method to assess parasite resistance in an individual sheep is through the use of an EBV for worm egg count.
Using EBV Data to Promote Parasite Resistance - Articles Articles
Internal parasites have been an issue in sheep production for a long time. More
Rams should be examined prior to breeding season to insure there are no lost opportunities due to poor performance.
Did You Prepare for Breeding Season? - Articles Articles
Good shepherds should be focused on good management practices, high performance sheep and meeting the needs of customers. More
Note: everyone is wearing protective booties in an effort to minimize biosecurity risk
Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Livestock Exhibitions - Articles Articles

Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Livestock Exhibitions

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD, David R. Wolfgang, VMD, MPH DABVP-Dairy

A checklist to determine the biosecurity risk at Livestock Exhibitions. More
Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Farm Visitors and Exhibitions
Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Farm Visitors and Exhibitions - Articles Articles

Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Farm Visitors and Exhibitions

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD, Bhushan M. Jayarao, MVSc, PhD, MPH, Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Biosecurity is a series of measures implemented to prevent or reduce the introduction and spread of infectious disease pathogens. The provided checklists help determine the biosecurity risk of individuals and animals. More
Table of Disinfectants used on the Farm
Table of Disinfectants used on the Farm - Articles Articles

Table of Disinfectants used on the Farm

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD

Information about disinfectants commonly used on the farm for disease control. More
Biosecurity - A Practical Approach
Biosecurity - A Practical Approach - Articles Articles

Biosecurity - A Practical Approach

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD

Biosecurity is a set of practices employed to prevent the importation of infectious organisms into a herd or flock, and their transmission between animals. More
Introduction to Livestock Production
Introduction to Livestock Production - Articles Articles
Livestock production may take many forms and, depending on your facilities, you may be able to combine several enterprises on your farm. More
What You Should Know About Buying Livestock
What You Should Know About Buying Livestock - Articles Articles
What a bargain! The price looks great, but are you really getting a bargain? More
Compost pile. Photo by Craig Williams
Composting Animal Mortalities - Articles Articles

Composting Animal Mortalities

David R. Wolfgang, VMD, MPH DABVP-Dairy

Despite the best intentions and care in animal agricultural facilities there are occasional animal mortalities. More
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