Nutrition and Feed Management

Information in managing sheep feed management, analysis and delivery, testing water quality and estimating flock’s water needs. Tips on accelerated lamb production and managing parasites with good nutrition.

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Poison hemlock in the spring time along a fencerow. Image from Ohio State University.
Livestock Producers Should Recognize and Manage Poison Hemlock - Articles Articles

Livestock Producers Should Recognize and Manage Poison Hemlock

Dwight Lingenfelter, William S. Curran, Ph.D.

“This is the time of year when you start to notice poison hemlock. Best management practices should take place before it flowers, produces more seed, and continues to spread”. More
Grazing Residue Height Matters
Grazing Residue Height Matters - Articles Articles

Grazing Residue Height Matters

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

It is important to remember to keep an eye on residue heights to eliminate over-grazing and the problems that occur as a result. More
Most forages and a good quality mineral mix meet nutritional requirements of mature ewes. But, ewes will need additional mineral supplements, particularly during the last third of gestation. Photo: Melanie Barkley, Penn State
Are Your Sheep Consuming Enough Calcium? - Articles Articles
Minerals are essential to support skeletal and nervous system functions. But, have you balanced your current mineral program lately with the forages and other feeds that your sheep are consuming? More
Cattle grazing in silvopasture at Forks Farm in Columbia County, Pennsylvania
Central Susquehanna Valley Beef Producer Twilight Meeting - Workshops Workshops
The twilight meeting will feature discussion on the development and management of silvopasture. More
Overgrazing pastures compromises pasture production and exposes the soil to erosion
Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures - Articles Articles

Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures

Justin Brackenrich, Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

The summer is upon us and cool season grasses are slowing down their growth. This is the time to pay attention so you don’t overgraze those pastures. More
Hairy vetch, rye, annual ryegrass, and clover cover crop being grazed. Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State University
Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops - Articles Articles

Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Grazing has been largely excluded from our croplands but is receiving new interest as an additional profit center for farmers as well as a way to improve soil. More
Grazing Warm-Season Annuals
Grazing Warm-Season Annuals - Webinars Webinars

Grazing Warm-Season Annuals

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This webinar discusses the role and management of warm-season annuals in a grazing system. More
Preventive Controls for Animal Food
Preventive Controls for Animal Food - Workshops Workshops
Provides the credentials to meet FDA requirements for development and implementation of a preventive system for food safety as stated within the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) regulations. More
Successful sheep production in SW PA often takes advantage of pasture resources.
So You Want to Raise Sheep or Goats? - Workshops Workshops
Discover production basics for raising sheep and goats. More
During early spring, sheep often meet their water requirements through consuming lush pasture.
Have You Tested The Water Lately? - Articles Articles
One of the most important components of a sheep's diet is water. Poor water quality can affect intake, which in turn affects animal growth and milk production. More
St. Croix sheep have shown resistance to parasites and tolerance to hot weather. Photo by ARS.
Prevent Parasites Through Grazing Management - Articles Articles
Grazing management and genetic selection can help your flock minimize the impact of parasites. More
The most accurate method to assess parasite resistance in an individual sheep is through the use of an EBV for worm egg count.
Using EBV Data to Promote Parasite Resistance - Articles Articles
Internal parasites have been an issue in sheep production for a long time. More
Optimal nutrition promotes lamb survival and can help lead to optimal performance and profitability.
Do Your Sheep Receive Optimal Nutrition? - Articles Articles
Sheep that receive optimal nutrition are more likely to perform at higher levels than sheep that receive less than optimal nutrition. More
Blooming multiflora rose in a pasture.
Multiflora Rose Control in Pastures - Articles Articles
The spread of multiflora rose in PA caused it to be designated as a noxious weed. Multiflora rose can be controlled but it takes considerable effort. More
Sheep Safety and Quality Assurance Program (SSQA)
Sheep Safety and Quality Assurance Program (SSQA) - Articles Articles
Animal Safety Quality Assurance Programs are national programs that provide guidelines and strategies for producers which promote animal quality and safety to ensure safe food for human consumption. More
Evaluating body condition is an important evaluation tool for sheep producers.
Body Condition: One More Evaluation Tool - Articles Articles
Body condition, or fat cover, is one more evaluation tool that sheep producers can use to evaluate their sheep flock and management practices. More
Good nutrition is very important to help sheep better handle internal parasites.
Managing Parasites with Good Nutrition - Articles Articles
We all know that if we eat better, we feel better. More
Mold and Mycotoxin Problems in Livestock Feeding
Mold and Mycotoxin Problems in Livestock Feeding - Articles Articles
This article explores effects of mycotoxins on animals, testing feeds for toxins, dealing with contaminated feeds, and limiting mycotoxin production. More
Ewe lambs that lamb at one year of age have increased nutritional requirements to account for the growth of lambs in the uterus as well as the continued growth of the ewe.
Feeding and Managing Your Bred Ewe Lambs - Articles Articles
Lifetime performance is an often overlooked measurement in sheep operations. More
Cattle grazing in the Bighorn National Forest. Picture shown with permission of Pearson Real Estate, Buffalo, WY.
Silvopasture Could Work on Your Farm - Articles Articles
Silvopasture is the integration of trees, livestock, and forage crops together on the same land to create dual income from timber and livestock. More
Water System Planning: Estimating Water Needs
Water System Planning: Estimating Water Needs - Articles Articles

Water System Planning: Estimating Water Needs

Bryan Swistock, William Sharpe, Ph.D.

Find out how to estimate homeowner or farmer water needs and calculate how much water must be delivered from a private water supply to meet these needs. More
Toxic Weed: Milkweed
Toxic Weed: Milkweed - Articles Articles

Toxic Weed: Milkweed

Donna Foulk

Primary toxin, galitoxin, is found in all vegetative parts of the plant. Toxins known as cardenolides may be responsible for digitalis-like signs that cause or contribute to death. More
Determining Forage Quality: Understanding Feed Analysis
Determining Forage Quality: Understanding Feed Analysis - Articles Articles
Learn how to use feed analysis to determine forage quality, and exactly what feeding a high quality forage means. More
Feeding the Flock
Feeding the Flock - Articles Articles
Keeping feed costs low while still supplying the necessary nutrients to keep the flock healthy should be the goal of every shepherd. More
Lamb
Off-Season and Accelerated Lamb Production - Articles Articles

Off-Season and Accelerated Lamb Production

Lynn Kime, Melanie Barkley, David Hartman, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D.

Sheep are ideally suited to small-scale and part-time farming operations in Pennsylvania due to their adaptability and nutritional versatility. More
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