Health and Care

Information on sheep health, including body condition grading, feed management and delivery, preventing parasites, improving newborn lamb survival and shearing. Tips on managing parasites, water quality and weaning to limit stress to ewes and lambs.

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Poison hemlock in the spring time along a fencerow. Image from Ohio State University.
Livestock Producers Should Recognize and Manage Poison Hemlock - Articles Articles

Livestock Producers Should Recognize and Manage Poison Hemlock

Dwight Lingenfelter, William S. Curran, Ph.D.

“This is the time of year when you start to notice poison hemlock. Best management practices should take place before it flowers, produces more seed, and continues to spread”. More
Vaccinating is one method to prevent disease issues with lambs and goats.
Sheep and Goat Workshops: Health Care - Workshops Workshops
Good health care is crucial to efficient and profitable sheep and goat operations. More
4-H Livestock Biosecurity Tips Fact Sheet
4-H Livestock Biosecurity Tips Fact Sheet - Articles Articles
Biosecurity benchmarks to help keep you and your animals safe. More
Sheep Shearing Workshop
Sheep Shearing Workshop - Workshops Workshops
New producers and future producers should plan to attend a Sheep Shearing Workshop! More
Sheep Shearing Instruction
Sheep Shearing Instruction - Workshops Workshops
Finding someone to shear sheep is becoming more difficult and expensive every year. More
Successful sheep production in SW PA often takes advantage of pasture resources.
So You Want to Raise Sheep or Goats? - Workshops Workshops
Discover production basics for raising sheep and goats. More
During early spring, sheep often meet their water requirements through consuming lush pasture.
Have You Tested The Water Lately? - Articles Articles
One of the most important components of a sheep's diet is water. Poor water quality can affect intake, which in turn affects animal growth and milk production. More
St. Croix sheep have shown resistance to parasites and tolerance to hot weather. Photo by ARS.
Prevent Parasites Through Grazing Management - Articles Articles
Grazing management and genetic selection can help your flock minimize the impact of parasites. More
Biosecurity Overview
Biosecurity Overview - Articles Articles

Biosecurity Overview

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD

Farm Biosecurity: Management practices to minimize or prevent the transmission of disease within and between herds and flocks. More
Biosecurity Risk of Vets, Ag Service Personnel and Visitors
Biosecurity Risk of Vets, Ag Service Personnel and Visitors - Articles Articles
A checklist to determine the biosecurity risk of individuals to dairy herds. More
Biosecurity Fundamentals
Biosecurity Fundamentals - Articles Articles

Biosecurity Fundamentals

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD, Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD, Bhushan M. Jayarao, MVSc, PhD, MPH

The basics of disease biosecurity, why a biosecurity plan should be implemented, and how to get a plan in motion. More
The most accurate method to assess parasite resistance in an individual sheep is through the use of an EBV for worm egg count.
Using EBV Data to Promote Parasite Resistance - Articles Articles
Internal parasites have been an issue in sheep production for a long time. More
Proper Animal Mortality Disposal
Proper Animal Mortality Disposal - Videos Videos

Proper Animal Mortality Disposal

J. Craig Williams

4:16

This video provides an overview of the approved methods of animal disposal in Pennsylvania, along with best management practices for each method. More
Note: everyone is wearing protective booties in an effort to minimize biosecurity risk
Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Livestock Exhibitions - Articles Articles

Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Livestock Exhibitions

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD, David R. Wolfgang, VMD, MPH DABVP-Dairy

A checklist to determine the biosecurity risk at Livestock Exhibitions. More
Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Farm Visitors and Exhibitions
Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Farm Visitors and Exhibitions - Articles Articles

Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Farm Visitors and Exhibitions

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD, Bhushan M. Jayarao, MVSc, PhD, MPH, Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Biosecurity is a series of measures implemented to prevent or reduce the introduction and spread of infectious disease pathogens. The provided checklists help determine the biosecurity risk of individuals and animals. More
Table of Disinfectants used on the Farm
Table of Disinfectants used on the Farm - Articles Articles

Table of Disinfectants used on the Farm

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD

Information about disinfectants commonly used on the farm for disease control. More
Biosecurity - A Practical Approach
Biosecurity - A Practical Approach - Articles Articles

Biosecurity - A Practical Approach

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD

Biosecurity is a set of practices employed to prevent the importation of infectious organisms into a herd or flock, and their transmission between animals. More
Compost pile. Photo by Craig Williams
Composting Animal Mortalities - Articles Articles

Composting Animal Mortalities

David R. Wolfgang, VMD, MPH DABVP-Dairy

Despite the best intentions and care in animal agricultural facilities there are occasional animal mortalities. More
Reducing the Risks of Pathogenic E. Coli Infections
Reducing the Risks of Pathogenic E. Coli Infections - Articles Articles
The information in this sheet is intended to provide advice for animal owners and animal caretakers whose animals may be accessible to the public. More
Mike Fournier instructs sheep shearing.
Time to Think About Shearing Your Sheep - Articles Articles
The wonderful signs of impending Spring should signal all shepherds that March is also the unofficial start of the sheep shearing season. More
Sheep Safety and Quality Assurance Program (SSQA)
Sheep Safety and Quality Assurance Program (SSQA) - Articles Articles
Animal Safety Quality Assurance Programs are national programs that provide guidelines and strategies for producers which promote animal quality and safety to ensure safe food for human consumption. More
Evaluating body condition is an important evaluation tool for sheep producers.
Body Condition: One More Evaluation Tool - Articles Articles
Body condition, or fat cover, is one more evaluation tool that sheep producers can use to evaluate their sheep flock and management practices. More
Paying close attention to details will help to improve newborn lamb survival.
Improving Newborn Lamb Survival - Articles Articles
Livestock market prices are very good right now and I can’t think of a better time to be more concerned about newborn lamb survival. More
Good nutrition is very important to help sheep better handle internal parasites.
Managing Parasites with Good Nutrition - Articles Articles
We all know that if we eat better, we feel better. More
Proper handling of vaccines will help to insure that ewes remain healthy and produce healthy and vigorous lambs.
Proper Handling of Livestock Vaccines - Articles Articles
Looking at a group of healthy sheep peacefully grazing while their lambs bounce around the pasture can be a very satisfying experience. More
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