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Manure Fertilizer, Photo Credit: Nicole Santangelo, PSU
Is Your Farm Ready for Inspection? - Articles Articles
By the end of 2018, 1 in 5 Pennsylvania farms within the Chesapeake Bay watershed will have been visited by the Chesapeake Bay Agricultural Inspections Program. More
Pohopoco Creek Alpaca Farm
Pohopoco Creek Alpaca Farm - Articles Articles
Pohopoco Creek Alpacas, located in Effort, PA has been recognized by Penn State Extension as an Environmentally Friendly Farm. More
Inquiries on Skin Diseases and Eating Problems
Inquiries on Skin Diseases and Eating Problems - Articles Articles

Inquiries on Skin Diseases and Eating Problems

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Learn about skin diseases and eating problems in camelids. More
Which One, Loose or Block Salt Feeding?
Which One, Loose or Block Salt Feeding? - Articles Articles

Which One, Loose or Block Salt Feeding?

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

This article discusses salt sources and intake and offers recommendations for salt feeding for alpacas and llamas More
Where’d the Sun Go? Vitamin D and Bone Development
Where’d the Sun Go? Vitamin D and Bone Development - Articles Articles

Where’d the Sun Go? Vitamin D and Bone Development

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

This article explains the benefits of vitamin D in bone development in llamas and alpacas and the relationship to rickets in growing crias. More
Effects of Forage Quality on a Camelid Feeding Program
Effects of Forage Quality on a Camelid Feeding Program - Articles Articles

Effects of Forage Quality on a Camelid Feeding Program

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

A discussion of forage type, quality and amounts needed for feeding llamas and alpacas More
Determining Forage Quality: Understanding Feed Analysis
Determining Forage Quality: Understanding Feed Analysis - Articles Articles
Learn how to use feed analysis to determine forage quality, and exactly what feeding a high quality forage means. More
Therapy and Prevention of Hepatic Lipidosis in Llamas and Alpacas
Therapy and Prevention of Hepatic Lipidosis in Llamas and Alpacas - Articles Articles
Treatment of llamas and alpacas with hepatic lipidosis and feeding management methods to lower the risk for this disease. More
Recognizing Hepatic Lipidosis in Llamas and Alpacas
Recognizing Hepatic Lipidosis in Llamas and Alpacas - Articles Articles

Recognizing Hepatic Lipidosis in Llamas and Alpacas

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

This publication explains hepatic lipidosis including its causes, how to diagnose it early, and methods for treatment and prevention. More
Hepatic Lipidosis in Camelids
Hepatic Lipidosis in Camelids - Articles Articles

Hepatic Lipidosis in Camelids

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

A brief look into the pathogenicity and prevalence of hepatic lipidosis among camelids. More
Copper Nutrition in Camelids
Copper Nutrition in Camelids - Articles Articles

Copper Nutrition in Camelids

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Llamas and alpacas require dietary copper (Cu) to help maintain normal body functions but in excess this trace mineral can be toxic. More
Body Condition Scoring of Llamas and Alpacas
Body Condition Scoring of Llamas and Alpacas - Articles Articles

Body Condition Scoring of Llamas and Alpacas

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Body condition scoring (BCS) using a 5-point scoring system is an easy and effective way to determining an animal’s fat stores and long-term energy balance. More
Farm Biosecurity Best Practices for Contractors, Vendors, and Visitors
Farm Biosecurity Best Practices for Contractors, Vendors, and Visitors - Online Courses Online Courses
$59.00
If you visit farms, this online course will teach you best biosecurity practices and etiquette for keeping farms, animals, and people safe and productive. More
Writing a Manure Management Plan for Pennsylvania Farmers and Property Owners
Writing a Manure Management Plan for Pennsylvania Farmers and Property Owners - Online Courses Online Courses
$59.00
Pennsylvania law requires farms and properties with animals or that use manure to develop a manure management plan. This course walks you through the process. More
Agroterrorism: A Threat to US Animal Agriculture
Agroterrorism: A Threat to US Animal Agriculture - Articles Articles

Agroterrorism: A Threat to US Animal Agriculture

Bhushan M. Jayarao, MVSc, PhD, MPH

The first of a two part series about agroterrorism More
Biosecurity Overview
Biosecurity Overview - Articles Articles

Biosecurity Overview

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD

Farm Biosecurity: Management practices to minimize or prevent the transmission of disease within and between herds and flocks. More
Biosecurity Risk of Vets, Ag Service Personnel and Visitors
Biosecurity Risk of Vets, Ag Service Personnel and Visitors - Articles Articles
A checklist to determine the biosecurity risk of individuals to dairy herds. More
Biosecurity Fundamentals
Biosecurity Fundamentals - Articles Articles

Biosecurity Fundamentals

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD, Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD, Bhushan M. Jayarao, MVSc, PhD, MPH

The basics of disease biosecurity, why a biosecurity plan should be implemented, and how to get a plan in motion. More
Note: everyone is wearing protective booties in an effort to minimize biosecurity risk
Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Livestock Exhibitions - Articles Articles

Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Livestock Exhibitions

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD, David R. Wolfgang, VMD, MPH DABVP-Dairy

A checklist to determine the biosecurity risk at Livestock Exhibitions. More
Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Farm Visitors and Exhibitions
Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Farm Visitors and Exhibitions - Articles Articles

Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Farm Visitors and Exhibitions

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD, Bhushan M. Jayarao, MVSc, PhD, MPH, Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Biosecurity is a series of measures implemented to prevent or reduce the introduction and spread of infectious disease pathogens. The provided checklists help determine the biosecurity risk of individuals and animals. More
Table of Disinfectants used on the Farm
Table of Disinfectants used on the Farm - Articles Articles

Table of Disinfectants used on the Farm

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD

Information about disinfectants commonly used on the farm for disease control. More
Biosecurity - A Practical Approach
Biosecurity - A Practical Approach - Articles Articles

Biosecurity - A Practical Approach

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD

Biosecurity is a set of practices employed to prevent the importation of infectious organisms into a herd or flock, and their transmission between animals. More
Compost pile. Photo by Craig Williams
Composting Animal Mortalities - Articles Articles

Composting Animal Mortalities

David R. Wolfgang, VMD, MPH DABVP-Dairy

Despite the best intentions and care in animal agricultural facilities there are occasional animal mortalities. More
Reducing E. coli Infections in People
Reducing E. coli Infections in People - Articles Articles
This article discusses ways to avoid illness when handling animals or visiting exhibitions or farms. More
Blooming multiflora rose in a pasture.
Multiflora Rose Control in Pastures - Articles Articles
The spread of multiflora rose in PA caused it to be designated as a noxious weed. Multiflora rose can be controlled but it takes considerable effort. More
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