Nutrition and Feed Management

Information to assist in managing camelid nutrition for llamas and alpacas, including copper nutrition, salt feeding, effects of forage quality on feeding program and research opportunities. Tips on body condition scoring and hepatic lipidosis.

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Copper Nutrition in Camelids
Copper Nutrition in Camelids - Articles Articles

Copper Nutrition in Camelids

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Llamas and alpacas require dietary copper (Cu) to help maintain normal body functions but in excess this trace mineral can be toxic. More
Body Condition Scoring of Llamas and Alpacas
Body Condition Scoring of Llamas and Alpacas - Articles Articles

Body Condition Scoring of Llamas and Alpacas

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Body condition scoring (BCS) using a 5-point scoring system is an easy and effective way to determining an animal’s fat stores and long-term energy balance. More
Hepatic Lipidosis in Camelids
Hepatic Lipidosis in Camelids - Articles Articles

Hepatic Lipidosis in Camelids

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

A brief look into the pathogenicity and prevalence of hepatic lipidosis among camelids. More
Effects of Forage Quality on a Camelid Feeding Program
Effects of Forage Quality on a Camelid Feeding Program - Articles Articles

Effects of Forage Quality on a Camelid Feeding Program

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

A discussion of forage type, quality and amounts needed for feeding llamas and alpacas More
Determining Forage Quality: Understanding Feed Analysis
Determining Forage Quality: Understanding Feed Analysis - Articles Articles
Learn how to use feed analysis to determine forage quality, and exactly what feeding a high quality forage means. More
Which One, Loose or Block Salt Feeding?
Which One, Loose or Block Salt Feeding? - Articles Articles

Which One, Loose or Block Salt Feeding?

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

This article discusses salt sources and intake and offers recommendations for salt feeding for alpacas and llamas More
Problems Following Grain Consumption
Problems Following Grain Consumption - Articles Articles

Problems Following Grain Consumption

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

A response to a question about a llama that frequently regurgitates his food after eating; possible explanations and details issues related to grain consumption. More
Llama and Alpaca Research Opportunities
Llama and Alpaca Research Opportunities - Articles Articles

Llama and Alpaca Research Opportunities

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Research opportunities regarding cria growth for both llamas and alpacas. More
Feed Analysis: It's All About Energy
Feed Analysis: It's All About Energy - Articles Articles

Feed Analysis: It's All About Energy

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Learn what grains are, what they contain, and how they can be used to meet the nutritional requirements of llamas and alpacas. More
Toxic Weed: Milkweed
Toxic Weed: Milkweed - Articles Articles

Toxic Weed: Milkweed

Donna Foulk

Primary toxin, galitoxin, is found in all vegetative parts of the plant. Toxins known as cardenolides may be responsible for digitalis-like signs that cause or contribute to death. More
Blooming multiflora rose in a pasture.
Multiflora Rose Control in Pastures - Articles Articles
The spread of multiflora rose in PA caused it to be designated as a noxious weed. Multiflora rose can be controlled but it takes considerable effort. More