Health and Care

Information on camelid health for llamas and alpacas, including Vitamin D and bone development, skin diseases and eating problems, hepatic lipidosis, and urinary blockage. Tips on biosecurity, determining forage quality and body condition scoring.

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Biosecurity Overview
Biosecurity Overview - Articles Articles

Biosecurity Overview

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD

Farm Biosecurity: Management practices to minimize or prevent the transmission of disease within and between herds and flocks. More
Biosecurity Risk of Vets, Ag Service Personnel and Visitors
Biosecurity Risk of Vets, Ag Service Personnel and Visitors - Articles Articles
A checklist to determine the biosecurity risk of individuals to dairy herds. More
Biosecurity Fundamentals
Biosecurity Fundamentals - Articles Articles

Biosecurity Fundamentals

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD, Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD, Bhushan M. Jayarao, MVSc, PhD, MPH

The basics of disease biosecurity, why a biosecurity plan should be implemented, and how to get a plan in motion. More
Note: everyone is wearing protective booties in an effort to minimize biosecurity risk
Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Livestock Exhibitions - Articles Articles

Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Livestock Exhibitions

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD, David R. Wolfgang, VMD, MPH DABVP-Dairy

A checklist to determine the biosecurity risk at Livestock Exhibitions. More
Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Farm Visitors and Exhibitions
Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Farm Visitors and Exhibitions - Articles Articles

Biosecurity Risk Assessment: Farm Visitors and Exhibitions

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD, Bhushan M. Jayarao, MVSc, PhD, MPH, Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Biosecurity is a series of measures implemented to prevent or reduce the introduction and spread of infectious disease pathogens. The provided checklists help determine the biosecurity risk of individuals and animals. More
Table of Disinfectants used on the Farm
Table of Disinfectants used on the Farm - Articles Articles

Table of Disinfectants used on the Farm

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD

Information about disinfectants commonly used on the farm for disease control. More
Biosecurity - A Practical Approach
Biosecurity - A Practical Approach - Articles Articles

Biosecurity - A Practical Approach

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD

Biosecurity is a set of practices employed to prevent the importation of infectious organisms into a herd or flock, and their transmission between animals. More
Compost pile. Photo by Craig Williams
Composting Animal Mortalities - Articles Articles

Composting Animal Mortalities

David R. Wolfgang, VMD, MPH DABVP-Dairy

Despite the best intentions and care in animal agricultural facilities there are occasional animal mortalities. More
Picture by permission of Greg Brann, NRCS, Grazing Soil Health Specialist
Keeping Animals Healthy - Articles Articles

Keeping Animals Healthy

Melanie Barkley

Here you will find common techniques producers use to keep their animals healthy and avoid having to treat them. More
Agroterrorism: A Threat to US Animal Agriculture
Agroterrorism: A Threat to US Animal Agriculture - Articles Articles

Agroterrorism: A Threat to US Animal Agriculture

Bhushan M. Jayarao, MVSc, PhD, MPH

This paper seeks to address and inform veterinarians about agroterrorism. In this paper, we attempt to introduce the overall impact of agroterrorism and the potential biological agents about which we need to be concerned. More
Problems Following Grain Consumption
Problems Following Grain Consumption - Articles Articles

Problems Following Grain Consumption

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

A response to a question about a llama that frequently regurgitates his food after eating; possible explanations and details issues related to grain consumption. More
How Well are They Growing
How Well are They Growing - Articles Articles

How Well are They Growing

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Learn about camelid growth, growth requirements, growth curves, and proper data collection. Readers may submit growth data for their own camelid(s). More
Where’d the Sun Go? Vitamin D and Bone Development
Where’d the Sun Go? Vitamin D and Bone Development - Articles Articles

Where’d the Sun Go? Vitamin D and Bone Development

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

This article explains the benefits of vitamin D in bone development in llamas and alpacas and the relationship to rickets in growing crias. More
Body Condition Scoring of Llamas and Alpacas
Body Condition Scoring of Llamas and Alpacas - Articles Articles

Body Condition Scoring of Llamas and Alpacas

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Body condition scoring (BCS) using a 5-point scoring system is an easy and effective way to determining an animal’s fat stores and long-term energy balance. More
Hepatic Lipidosis in Camelids
Hepatic Lipidosis in Camelids - Articles Articles

Hepatic Lipidosis in Camelids

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

A brief look into the pathogenicity and prevalence of hepatic lipidosis among camelids. More
Determining Forage Quality: Understanding Feed Analysis
Determining Forage Quality: Understanding Feed Analysis - Articles Articles
Learn how to use feed analysis to determine forage quality, and exactly what feeding a high quality forage means. More
Inquiries on Skin Diseases and Eating Problems
Inquiries on Skin Diseases and Eating Problems - Articles Articles

Inquiries on Skin Diseases and Eating Problems

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Learn about skin diseases and eating problems in camelids. More
Recognizing Hepatic Lipidosis in Llamas and Alpacas
Recognizing Hepatic Lipidosis in Llamas and Alpacas - Articles Articles

Recognizing Hepatic Lipidosis in Llamas and Alpacas

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

This publication explains hepatic lipidosis including its causes, how to diagnose it early, and methods for treatment and prevention. More
Urinary Blockage in Llamas and Alpacas
Urinary Blockage in Llamas and Alpacas - Articles Articles

Urinary Blockage in Llamas and Alpacas

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

A brief explanation of urolithiasis, predisposing factors, and health implications. More
Therapy and Prevention of Hepatic Lipidosis in Llamas and Alpacas
Therapy and Prevention of Hepatic Lipidosis in Llamas and Alpacas - Articles Articles
Treatment of llamas and alpacas with hepatic lipidosis and feeding management methods to lower the risk for this disease. More
Llama and Alpaca Research Opportunities
Llama and Alpaca Research Opportunities - Articles Articles

Llama and Alpaca Research Opportunities

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Research opportunities regarding cria growth for both llamas and alpacas. More