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Find educational material about dairy cattle, including nutrition and feed management, health and care, reproduction, facilities and technology, and business management from Penn State Extension.

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Dairy Outlook: February 2019 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: February 2019

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Claudia Schmidt, Ph.D., Virginia A. Ishler, Timothy Beck

Pennsylvania All Milk Price remains plateaued around $18/cwt through the first quarter of 2019 with futures indicating moderate increases during the last two quarters. More
The TMR Mineral Mismatch
The TMR Mineral Mismatch - Articles Articles

The TMR Mineral Mismatch

Virginia A. Ishler

Carbohydrates and protein are critical nutrients in precision feeding; however, some interesting observations on calcium and phosphorus agreement have materialized. More
Calf Management Tips for Cold Weather
Calf Management Tips for Cold Weather - Articles Articles

Calf Management Tips for Cold Weather

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Within a certain range of temperatures called the thermoneutral zone or TNZ, calves can maintain body temperature without needing extra energy. More
Holiday milk glass-574019 by lindamayo1. Pixabay.com. CC0
Dairy Outlook: December 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: December 2018

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Claudia Schmidt, Ph.D., Virginia A. Ishler, Timothy Beck

Pennsylvania All Milk Price is projected to oscillate between $18.00 and 18.50/cwt in the first half of 2019 given current futures. Though slightly higher than 2018, it still may be at or below an operation's breakeven. More
Photo: Steve Williams, Penn State
Margins and Cash Flow Impacted Herds Differently - Articles Articles

Margins and Cash Flow Impacted Herds Differently

Virginia A. Ishler, Timothy Beck

Good decisions can only be made when a farm’s breakeven margin is known and monitored. More
Man Businessman Tablet by mediamodifier on pixabay.com cc0
Simplify Your Financial Records Process - Articles Articles

Simplify Your Financial Records Process

Robert C. Goodling, Jr.

There is great potential in using software to help manage and decipher a business’ financial data. There are key concepts agricultural businesses can consider to simplify the process. More
"Fall Inspirations" by Erin Goodling
Dairy Outlook: November 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: November 2018

Robert C. Goodling, Jr., David L. Swartz, Claudia Schmidt, Ph.D., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

Milk prices appear to be starting a slow, methodical climb. Feed costs remain in flux with harvest and quality uncertainties. More
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Dairy Sense: Milk Income and Ration Perspective for Milk Fat - Articles Articles
A balance between components and volume may be the best strategy to optimize milk income. More
Photo credit: Adrian Barragan
Train Farm Personnel for Better Animal Health and Fertility - Articles Articles
Training farm personnel has positive impacts on animal well-being and performance, thus increasing overall farm profitability. More
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Dairy Sense: Preparing for Mycotoxin Problems - Articles Articles
Uncooperative weather patterns can increase the occurrence of molds and mycotoxins. Minimize their growth in storage by proper management of harvest, storage, and feed out. More
Yogurt Dairy Refrigerator-2722678 by Albany Colley. Pixabay.com. CC0
Dairy Outlook: October 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: October 2018

Robert C. Goodling, Jr., David L. Swartz, Claudia Schmidt, Ph.D., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

Current dairy markets are hinting at potential gradual increase in milk price into 2019. Global trade volatility continues to hinder widespread optimism. More
milk-spilt-white-glass-spill-1543193 by ponce_photography. Pixabay.com CC0
Dairy Outlook: September 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: September 2018

Robert C. Goodling, Jr., David L. Swartz, Claudia Schmidt, Ph.D., Virginia A. Ishler, Timothy Beck

Milk prices remain on the low side of a four-year modest price range. Monitoring a producer's individual price regularly is vital to see trends and potential opportunities at the farm level. More
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Efficient Data Use Key to Maximizing Advisory Team Efforts - Articles Articles
Monitoring too many metrics can limit a team's discussion of current issues. Prioritize key data to make the best use of your team resources. More
Photo credit: John Tyson
Feed Bunk Management - Articles Articles

Feed Bunk Management

John Tyson

Fine-tune feed management by making sure that every group has access to feed when they return from milking. More
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Butyrate Addition in Calf Milk Replacer - Articles Articles

Butyrate Addition in Calf Milk Replacer

Jud Heinrichs, Ali Chishti

Feeding butyrate can help jump start rumen development, especially in calves that have not started eating much grain. More
Photo credit: Cassie Yost
Managing Heat Stress and Fly Control in Young Calves - Articles Articles
Explore ways to address two of the main issues affecting calf health and comfort during summer months. More
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The Fat in Different Dairy Products - Articles Articles
Learn about the impact milk fat has on human health and how it differs between various dairy products. More
Dairy Sense: Getting Those Extra Pounds of Milk
Dairy Sense: Getting Those Extra Pounds of Milk - Articles Articles
Focus on the first 100 days of lactation to find and fix bottlenecks that are limiting milk production. More
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Dairy Sense: What Is Soil Health? - Articles Articles

Dairy Sense: What Is Soil Health?

Virginia A. Ishler

Soil health affects soil fertility and production potential, which affects crop yields, quality, and production costs. More
Photo credit: Adrian Barragan
Earning the Trust of Hispanic Dairy Employees - Articles Articles
A friendly, trusted work environment can make the difference when trying to attract and retain Hispanic employees. More
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Do Your Cows Know How You Feel About Them? - Articles Articles
Handling, transportation, environment, feed, interactions with other animals, and interactions with humans can stress cattle. Do our attitudes influence factors that can affect profitability? More
Hand-held instruments are used to document conditions and performance of environment in animal facilities [source: E. Fabian]
Evaluating Air Quality in Livestock Housing Environments - Articles Articles
This publication focuses on important aspects of evaluating and troubleshooting farm animal housing environment and ventilation system performance. More
Flooding around your home and on the farm could be leading to issues you need to address. Image Credit: Jennifer Fetter
After the Flood – Recovery Considerations for Rural Pennsylvanians - Articles Articles

After the Flood – Recovery Considerations for Rural Pennsylvanians

Jennifer R Fetter, Leon Ressler, Andy Yencha

Parts of Pennsylvania were drenched with heavy rains and flooded streams recently. In addition to drying out wet basements, there are few important things that rural Pennsylvanian’s might want to pay special attention to. More
Resources for Ventilation of Livestock Housing
Resources for Ventilation of Livestock Housing - Articles Articles

Resources for Ventilation of Livestock Housing

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

Information on Ventilation systems available at Penn State More
Photo credit: Dan McFarland
Is Calving Stressful in Dairy Cows? - Articles Articles

Is Calving Stressful in Dairy Cows?

Adrian A Barragan, DVM, MS, Ph.D.

Pain, inflammation, and stress during the transition period can negatively affect the well-being and performance of dairy cows during early lactation. More
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