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Find educational material about dairy cattle, including nutrition and feed management, health and care, reproduction, facilities and technology, and business management from Penn State Extension.

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milk-spilt-white-glass-spill-1543193 by ponce_photography. Pixabay.com CC0
Dairy Outlook: September 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: September 2018

Robert C. Goodling, Jr., David L. Swartz, Claudia Schmidt, Ph.D., Virginia A. Ishler, Timothy Beck

Milk prices remain on the low side of a four-year modest price range. Monitoring a producer's individual price regularly is vital to see trends and potential opportunities at the farm level. More
Photo from pixabay.com. CC0
Efficient Data Use Key to Maximizing Advisory Team Efforts - Articles Articles
Monitoring too many metrics can limit a team's discussion of current issues. Prioritize key data to make the best use of your team resources. More
Photo credit: John Tyson
Feed Bunk Management - Articles Articles

Feed Bunk Management

John Tyson

Fine-tune feed management by making sure that every group has access to feed when they return from milking. More
Photo from pixabay.com. CC0
The Fat in Different Dairy Products - Articles Articles
Learn about the impact milk fat has on human health and how it differs between various dairy products. More
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Butyrate Addition in Calf Milk Replacer - Articles Articles

Butyrate Addition in Calf Milk Replacer

Jud Heinrichs, Ali Chishti

Feeding butyrate can help jump start rumen development, especially in calves that have not started eating much grain. More
Photo credit: Cassie Yost
Managing Heat Stress and Fly Control in Young Calves - Articles Articles
Explore ways to address two of the main issues affecting calf health and comfort during summer months. More
Dairy Sense: Getting Those Extra Pounds of Milk
Dairy Sense: Getting Those Extra Pounds of Milk - Articles Articles
Focus on the first 100 days of lactation to find and fix bottlenecks that are limiting milk production. More
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Dairy Sense: What Is Soil Health? - Articles Articles

Dairy Sense: What Is Soil Health?

Virginia A. Ishler

Soil health affects soil fertility and production potential, which affects crop yields, quality, and production costs. More
Photo credit: Adrian Barragan
Earning the Trust of Hispanic Dairy Employees - Articles Articles
A friendly, trusted work environment can make the difference when trying to attract and retain Hispanic employees. More
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Do Your Cows Know How You Feel About Them? - Articles Articles
Handling, transportation, environment, feed, interactions with other animals, and interactions with humans can stress cattle. Do our attitudes influence factors that can affect profitability? More
Hand-held instruments are used to document conditions and performance of environment in animal facilities [source: E. Fabian]
Evaluating Air Quality in Livestock Housing Environments - Articles Articles
This publication focuses on important aspects of evaluating and troubleshooting farm animal housing environment and ventilation system performance. More
Flooding around your home and on the farm could be leading to issues you need to address. Image Credit: Jennifer Fetter
After the Flood – Recovery Considerations for Rural Pennsylvanians - Articles Articles

After the Flood – Recovery Considerations for Rural Pennsylvanians

Jennifer R Fetter, Leon Ressler, Andy Yencha

Parts of Pennsylvania were drenched with heavy rains and flooded streams recently. In addition to drying out wet basements, there are few important things that rural Pennsylvanian’s might want to pay special attention to. More
Resources for Ventilation of Livestock Housing
Resources for Ventilation of Livestock Housing - Articles Articles

Resources for Ventilation of Livestock Housing

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

Information on Ventilation systems available at Penn State More
Photo credit: Dan McFarland
Is Calving Stressful in Dairy Cows? - Articles Articles

Is Calving Stressful in Dairy Cows?

Adrian A Barragan, DVM, MS, Ph.D.

Pain, inflammation, and stress during the transition period can negatively affect the well-being and performance of dairy cows during early lactation. More
Photo credit: MC1 Daniel Hinton, USN (6), flicr.com
Antibiotic Stewardship: Can It Really Save Your Dairy Money? - Articles Articles
Improving animal health offers a rewarding way to reduce antibiotic use. More
Photo credit: Shannon Wingert
Recognizing Mental Health Disorders - Articles Articles
Information on how to recognize signs of poor mental health and resources for help and support. More
Photo credit: Mat Haan
Dairy Sense: Feed Costs—The Big Player in Profitability - Articles Articles
Keeping feed costs in line with milk production can help you maintain a competitive margin, and there are several ways to achieve this goal. More
Photo credit: Dan McFarland
Pre-Fresh, Maternity and Post-Fresh Space: Getting the Numbers Right - Articles Articles
Nutrition, health care, and environment provided during the transition period have a tremendous influence on cow health and performance well into the next lactation. More
Photo credit: Coleen Jones
Dairy Sense: Managing Family Living Expenses - Articles Articles
Taking an owner draw that exceeds milk income can create financial strain. Here's a simple method to calculate what the operation can cover for family living expenses. More
Telephone-telegraph-pole-wire-1822040 by aitoff. Pixabay.com. cc0
Dairy Outlook: June 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: June 2018

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

Milk price continued slow climb, but milk margins remain tight. Current tumultuous environment in global trade may limit long term progress. More
Overgrazing pastures compromises pasture production and exposes the soil to erosion
Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures - Articles Articles

Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures

Justin Brackenrich, Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

The summer is upon us and cool season grasses are slowing down their growth. This is the time to pay attention so you don’t overgraze those pastures. More
Red Holstein dairy cow
Animal Welfare Objectives for Dairy Facility Design - Articles Articles

Animal Welfare Objectives for Dairy Facility Design

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

This article provides a simplified context for animal welfare in relation to engineering design features of dairy housing. More
Hairy vetch, rye, annual ryegrass, and clover cover crop being grazed. Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State University
Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops - Articles Articles

Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Grazing has been largely excluded from our croplands but is receiving new interest as an additional profit center for farmers as well as a way to improve soil. More
Lameness in Dairy Herds - Part 2: Sorting Out Common Causes
Lameness in Dairy Herds - Part 2: Sorting Out Common Causes - Articles Articles
Lameness is a significant problem in many of today’s dairy herds, although it is often not recognized as such. More
David Swartz, Penn State
Dairy Outlook: May 2018 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: May 2018

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

Long term survival of a dairy operation will hinge on management’s ability to find ways to push the cost of production below $17.50/cwt while maintaining some level of reinvestment in the operation. More
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