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Find educational material about dairy cattle, including nutrition and feed management, health and care, reproduction, facilities and technology, and business management from Penn State Extension.

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Dairy Outlook: March 2019 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: March 2019

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Claudia Schmidt, Ph.D., Virginia A. Ishler, Timothy Beck

Pennsylvania income over feed costs averages continue along the $8/milk cow/day levels. Marginal gains in milk income have been offset by increases in feed costs. More
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Dairy Sense: The Reality of the Dairy Industry - Articles Articles
The industry is in crisis and there is no simple fix to the problem. Consecutive years of mediocre margins and possible erosion of farm equity mean there are some tough questions to be answered. More
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Dairy Sense: Unlocking Added Potential - Articles Articles
The transition period, early lactation, and breeding age heifers are the keys to unlocking added potential for milk income. More
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Dairy Sense: More Sugar, Please - Articles Articles

Dairy Sense: More Sugar, Please

Virginia A. Ishler

Adding sugar to the ration can complement many diets and takes the pressure off starch as the only energy source used to maintain production and components. More
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Dairy Sense: Evolution of IOFC - Articles Articles

Dairy Sense: Evolution of IOFC

Virginia A. Ishler

Income over feed cost (IOFC) per cow has evolved from a general metric to one that is very farm specific. Tracking breakeven IOFC enables analysis of how decisions will impact cash flow. More
Photo credit: Andrew Sandeen
Risk Management for Reproduction Programs - Articles Articles
Risk management must address big-picture financial aspects; however, it is also relevant to specific areas of management, such as reproduction. More
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What is Mastitis Costing You? - Articles Articles
Mastitis costs dairy farms more than any other disease. Control clinical and subclinical infections to improve milk quality and boost profitability. More
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Dairy Outlook: February 2019 - Articles Articles

Dairy Outlook: February 2019

David L. Swartz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Claudia Schmidt, Ph.D., Virginia A. Ishler, Timothy Beck

Pennsylvania All Milk Price remains plateaued around $18/cwt through the first quarter of 2019 with futures indicating moderate increases during the last two quarters. More
Maternity Management Practices in Dairy Farms: Physiology of Parturition in Cattle
Maternity Management Practices in Dairy Farms: Physiology of Parturition in Cattle - Videos Videos
This video describes important information regarding the physiology of parturition in dairy cattle needed to understand the “whys” of the calving management practices in maternity operations. More
Maternity Management Practices in Dairy Farms: Recognizing and Monitoring Dystocia
Maternity Management Practices in Dairy Farms: Recognizing and Monitoring Dystocia - Videos Videos
This video provides critical information regarding dystocia and monitoring timelines and cow signs that can be used to identify, and provide assistance, to difficult calvings in a timely manner. More
Maternity Management Practices in Dairy Farms: Assisting Dystocia Births
Maternity Management Practices in Dairy Farms: Assisting Dystocia Births - Videos Videos
This video shows proper techniques and skills needed to effectively manage difficult calvings in dairy farms. More
Maternity Management Practices in Dairy Farms: Newborn Calf Care
Maternity Management Practices in Dairy Farms: Newborn Calf Care - Videos Videos

Maternity Management Practices in Dairy Farms: Newborn Calf Care

Adrian A Barragan, DVM, MS, Ph.D.

10:11

This video describes essential practices, such as proper colostrum administration, for managing newborn calves during the first hours of life in dairy operations. More
Maternity Management Practices in Dairy Farms: Colostrum Management Practices
Maternity Management Practices in Dairy Farms: Colostrum Management Practices - Videos Videos
This video discusses important practices needed for properly harvesting and managing colostrum in maternity operations. More
Maternity Management Practices in Dairy Farms: Record Keeping Practices
Maternity Management Practices in Dairy Farms: Record Keeping Practices - Videos Videos
This video describes important parameters that should be recorded at maternity operations, and their uses for farm and personnel management. More
Kelp for Supplemental Feeding of Dairy Cows on Pasture
Kelp for Supplemental Feeding of Dairy Cows on Pasture - Webinars Webinars
Free
This free webinar recording is part of a Dairy Grazing Management webinar series, which includes presentations on grazing and pasture management. "Kelp for Supplemental Feeding of Dairy Cows on Pasture" was recorded on December 19, 2018. More
Agronomic Pasture Management: Organic Systems
Agronomic Pasture Management: Organic Systems - Webinars Webinars
Free
This free webinar recording is part of a Dairy Grazing Management webinar series, which includes presentations on grazing and pasture management. Agronomic Pasture Management: Organic Systems was recorded on October 17, 2018. More
Agronomic Pasture Management: Conventional Systems
Agronomic Pasture Management: Conventional Systems - Webinars Webinars
Free
This free webinar recording is part of a Dairy Grazing Management webinar series, which includes presentations on grazing and pasture management. "Agronomic Pasture Management: Conventional Systems" was recorded on September 19, 2018. More
Dairy Financial Analysis
Dairy Financial Analysis - Webinars Webinars
Free
This free webinar recording is part of a Dairy Management Monday series, which includes presentations on topics important to managing a dairy farm. "Dairy Financial Analysis" was recorded on December 17, 2018. More
Stress Management
Stress Management - Webinars Webinars

Stress Management

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Free
This free webinar recording is part of a Dairy Management Monday series, which includes presentations on topics important to managing a dairy farm. Stress Managment was recorded on November 19, 2018. More
Is Your Cow Ready to Breed?
Is Your Cow Ready to Breed? - Webinars Webinars
Free
This free webinar recording is part of a Dairy Management Monday series, which includes presentations on topics important to managing a dairy farm. "Is Your Cow Ready to Breed?" was recorded on October 15, 2018. More
Workforce Focus: "Don't Drift... Manage!"
Workforce Focus: "Don't Drift... Manage!" - Webinars Webinars
Free
This free webinar recording is part of a Dairy Management Monday series, which includes presentations on topics important to managing a dairy farm. Workforce Focus: "Don't Drift... Manage!" was recorded on September 24, 2018. More
The TMR Mineral Mismatch
The TMR Mineral Mismatch - Articles Articles

The TMR Mineral Mismatch

Virginia A. Ishler

Carbohydrates and protein are critical nutrients in precision feeding; however, some interesting observations on calcium and phosphorus agreement have materialized. More
SW PA Dairy Day 2018 - Dr. Nigel Cook
Southwest Pennsylvania Regional Dairy Day - Conferences Conferences
This annual event is organized by agribusiness sponsors to provide useful educational content for those involved with dairy production in Southwest Pennsylvania. More
Calf Management Tips for Cold Weather
Calf Management Tips for Cold Weather - Articles Articles

Calf Management Tips for Cold Weather

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Within a certain range of temperatures called the thermoneutral zone or TNZ, calves can maintain body temperature without needing extra energy. More
Understanding Dairy Business
Understanding Dairy Business and Production for the Conservation Professional - Workshops Workshops
Free
The goal of this workshop is to help conservationists better understand the dairy business and become effective communicators when helping dairy farmers consider and implement conservation practices. More
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