Nutrition and Feeding

Information and tools to assist in managing dairy cattle nutrition and feeding, including resources on forage, silage, pasture, and water needs. Tips on monitoring heifer growth and weaning strategies for heifers and calves.

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Calf Management Tips for Cold Weather
Calf Management Tips for Cold Weather - Articles Articles

Calf Management Tips for Cold Weather

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Within a certain range of temperatures called the thermoneutral zone or TNZ, calves can maintain body temperature without needing extra energy. More
Photo from pixabay.com. CC0
Butyrate Addition in Calf Milk Replacer - Articles Articles

Butyrate Addition in Calf Milk Replacer

Jud Heinrichs, Ali Chishti

Feeding butyrate can help jump start rumen development, especially in calves that have not started eating much grain. More
Calf and Heifer Management
Calf and Heifer Management - Webinars Webinars
Free
This free webinar recording is part of a Dairy Management Monday series, which includes presentations on topics important to managing a dairy farm. More
Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop
Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop - Workshops Workshops
This workshop provides applied dairy nutrition information and training to feed industry professionals. Hands-on workshops and practical sessions offer information you can use to help you or your clients succeed. More
Photo credit: Coleen Jones
Rumen Development, Don’t Wean Calves Without It! - Articles Articles

Rumen Development, Don’t Wean Calves Without It!

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Regardless of how much milk you are feeding calves or what age they are at weaning, if the rumen is not ready, calves are in for a rough transition. More
Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop
Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop - Articles Articles

Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Annual event provides continuing education for feed industry professionals. More
Technology Tuesday
Technology Tuesdays - Webinars Webinars

Technology Tuesdays

Multiple Options Available

1 hour, 30 minutes

Free
This series of free webinars is geared toward dairy producers, employees, and agribusiness professionals. More
Feeding the Newborn Dairy Calf
Feeding the Newborn Dairy Calf - Articles Articles

Feeding the Newborn Dairy Calf

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Calf health, growth, and productivity rely heavily on nutrition and management practices. More
Using a Colostrometer
Using a Colostrometer - Videos Videos

Using a Colostrometer

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones, Sonia Arnold

3:10

Demonstration of using a colostrometer to estimate IgG content in colostrum. More
Using a Brix Refractometer
Using a Brix Refractometer - Videos Videos

Using a Brix Refractometer

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones, Sonia Arnold

4:11

Learn how to use optical and digital Brix refractometers to determine how much IgG colostrum contains. More
How Efficient Are Your Calves?
How Efficient Are Your Calves? - Articles Articles
Feeding more milk replacer to calves can increase average daily gain, but can reduce starter intake and lower nitrogen efficiency and postweaning digestion. More
Photo credit: Jill Kopfer
Economics and Effects of Accelerated Calf Growth Programs - Articles Articles
Increasing heifer growth rates, regardless of the feeding strategy, improves the odds of earlier age at calving, which can dramatically lower heifer costs. More
Feed Me the Scoop on Veterinary Feed Directive
Feed Me the Scoop on Veterinary Feed Directive - Articles Articles

Feed Me the Scoop on Veterinary Feed Directive

Capri Stiles-Mikesell, Greg Strait

Description of in-feed medications and how they fit into the Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) rules that took effect January 1, 2017. More
Pasteurisierung Mit Hitze töten Pasteurisierung Mit Hitze töten - Articles
Pasteurisierung Pasteurisierte Sperrmilch einen hohen Nährwert für Milchviehkälber. Allerdings muss der Prozess korrekt Ablaufen, da sonst die Keime nicht ausreichend reduziert werden. More
Photo credit: Shannon Wingert
Importancia y Manejo del Calostro en el Ganado de Leche - Articles Articles
La ternera nace sin inmunidad humoral adecuada y depende casi totalmente de la transferencia pasiva de inmunoglobulinas maternas presentes en el calostro. More
Tools to Assess Colostrum Management
Tools to Assess Colostrum Management - Articles Articles
We can measure how well a colostrum program is working by estimating the IgG in calves' blood. More
Effects of Calf Feeding Program on First Lactation Performance
Effects of Calf Feeding Program on First Lactation Performance - Articles Articles
A review of the effects of increased milk or milk replacer feeding on milk production. More
Composition and Hygiene of Colostrum on Modern Pennsylvania Dairy Farms
Composition and Hygiene of Colostrum on Modern Pennsylvania Dairy Farms - Articles Articles
Nutrient, immunoglobulin, and bacterial content of modern colostrum and discussion of colostrum source and volume. More
Milk Replacer Costs and Your Options
Milk Replacer Costs and Your Options - Articles Articles

Milk Replacer Costs and Your Options

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Discussion of whey protein prices, alternative proteins, cost comparisons, and considerations for feeding waste milk. More
Pasteurization of Non-Saleable Milk
Pasteurization of Non-Saleable Milk - Articles Articles

Pasteurization of Non-Saleable Milk

Jud Heinrichs, Jorge A. Elizondo Salazar, Sonia L. Gelsinger

Considerations of implementing on-farm pasteurization, discussion of waste milk quality, and evaluation of heat and UV methods. More
Table: Comparison of Commercial Electrolyte Products
Table: Comparison of Commercial Electrolyte Products - Articles Articles
Summary of selected nutrients in commercial oral rehydration products. Table assumes products are mixed with water according the manufacturer's directions. More
Colostrum Supplements and Replacer
Colostrum Supplements and Replacer - Articles Articles

Colostrum Supplements and Replacer

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Colostrum products can be valuable tools to increase calf immunity. This article describes the composition and effectiveness of colostrum supplements and replacers. More
Using the Calf Milk Pasteurization Evaluator Spreadsheet
Using the Calf Milk Pasteurization Evaluator Spreadsheet - Articles Articles

Using the Calf Milk Pasteurization Evaluator Spreadsheet

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs, Bob James, Chase Scott

Instructions for using the Calf Milk Pasteurization Evaluator spreadsheet, interpreting its output, and estimating waste milk supply and demand. More
Electrolytes for Dairy Calves
Electrolytes for Dairy Calves - Articles Articles

Electrolytes for Dairy Calves

Jud Heinrichs, Sylvia Kehoe

Topics include causes of scouring, treatment strategies, calculating fluid needs, and recommended electrolyte composition. More
Colostrum Management Tools: Hydrometers and Refractometers
Colostrum Management Tools: Hydrometers and Refractometers - Articles Articles
This publication describes the use of the Colostrometer and the Brix refractometer in managing colostrum on the farm. More
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