Nutrition and Feeding

Information and tools to assist in managing dairy cattle nutrition and feeding, including resources on forage, silage, pasture, and water needs. Tips on monitoring heifer growth and weaning strategies for heifers and calves.

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Dairy Sense: Unlocking Added Potential - Articles Articles
The transition period, early lactation, and breeding age heifers are the keys to unlocking added potential for milk income. More
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Dairy Sense: More Sugar, Please - Articles Articles

Dairy Sense: More Sugar, Please

Virginia A. Ishler

Adding sugar to the ration can complement many diets and takes the pressure off starch as the only energy source used to maintain production and components. More
The TMR Mineral Mismatch
The TMR Mineral Mismatch - Articles Articles

The TMR Mineral Mismatch

Virginia A. Ishler

Carbohydrates and protein are critical nutrients in precision feeding; however, some interesting observations on calcium and phosphorus agreement have materialized. More
Calf Management Tips for Cold Weather
Calf Management Tips for Cold Weather - Articles Articles

Calf Management Tips for Cold Weather

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Within a certain range of temperatures called the thermoneutral zone or TNZ, calves can maintain body temperature without needing extra energy. More
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Dairy Sense: Milk Income and Ration Perspective for Milk Fat - Articles Articles
A balance between components and volume may be the best strategy to optimize milk income. More
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Dairy Sense: Preparing for Mycotoxin Problems - Articles Articles
Uncooperative weather patterns can increase the occurrence of molds and mycotoxins. Minimize their growth in storage by proper management of harvest, storage, and feed out. More
Photo credit: John Tyson
Feed Bunk Management - Articles Articles

Feed Bunk Management

John Tyson

Fine-tune feed management by making sure that every group has access to feed when they return from milking. More
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Butyrate Addition in Calf Milk Replacer - Articles Articles

Butyrate Addition in Calf Milk Replacer

Jud Heinrichs, Ali Chishti

Feeding butyrate can help jump start rumen development, especially in calves that have not started eating much grain. More
Hairy vetch, rye, annual ryegrass, and clover cover crop being grazed. Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State University
Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops - Articles Articles

Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Grazing has been largely excluded from our croplands but is receiving new interest as an additional profit center for farmers as well as a way to improve soil. More
Photo credit: Coleen Jones
Animal Feed Safety Practices to Prevent Aflatoxin in Milk - Articles Articles

Animal Feed Safety Practices to Prevent Aflatoxin in Milk

Ginger D Fenton, PhD, Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Animal feed production is undergoing a shift in approach to food safety, with preventive measures to address possible hazards before they occur. More
Photo credit: Coleen Jones
Rumen Development, Don’t Wean Calves Without It! - Articles Articles

Rumen Development, Don’t Wean Calves Without It!

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Regardless of how much milk you are feeding calves or what age they are at weaning, if the rumen is not ready, calves are in for a rough transition. More
Photo credit: Matt Gabler
Dairy Sense: Know Your Herd’s Feed Costs? - Articles Articles
Maintaining positive cash flow on dairy farms requires good management of cropping, feeding, and financials. More
Photo credit: Dave Swartz
Dairy Sense: The Major Influencer of Cash Flow Mechanics - Articles Articles
Focus on total pounds of milk produced, not milk per cow, for positive cash flow. More
Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop
Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop - Articles Articles

Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Annual event provides continuing education for feed industry professionals. More
From Harvest to Feed: Understanding Silage Management
From Harvest to Feed: Understanding Silage Management - Articles Articles

From Harvest to Feed: Understanding Silage Management

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs, Virginia A. Ishler, Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

Silage is a staple forage on dairy farms. High-level management and sizeable financial outlays are necessary to efficiently produce, harvest, store and feed silage. More
Feeding the Newborn Dairy Calf
Feeding the Newborn Dairy Calf - Articles Articles

Feeding the Newborn Dairy Calf

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Calf health, growth, and productivity rely heavily on nutrition and management practices. More
How Efficient Are Your Calves?
How Efficient Are Your Calves? - Articles Articles
Feeding more milk replacer to calves can increase average daily gain, but can reduce starter intake and lower nitrogen efficiency and postweaning digestion. More
Photo credit: Jill Kopfer
Economics and Effects of Accelerated Calf Growth Programs - Articles Articles
Increasing heifer growth rates, regardless of the feeding strategy, improves the odds of earlier age at calving, which can dramatically lower heifer costs. More
Figure 1. Conversion of glucose to acetate. Source: "Digestion: The Fermentative Processes"
Ionophores: A Technology to Improve Cattle Efficiency - Articles Articles
This article explains how the use of ionophores--antibiotics that shift ruminal fermentation patterns--can improve cattle production efficiency. More
Feed Me the Scoop on Veterinary Feed Directive
Feed Me the Scoop on Veterinary Feed Directive - Articles Articles

Feed Me the Scoop on Veterinary Feed Directive

Capri Stiles-Mikesell, Greg Strait

Description of in-feed medications and how they fit into the Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) rules that took effect January 1, 2017. More
Conduite des Genisses Laiteres
Conduite des Genisses Laiteres - Articles Articles

Conduite des Genisses Laiteres

Jud Heinrichs, Bruno Martin

L’amélioration du troupeau laitier est possible lorsque les vaches de réforme sont remplacées par des génisses de deux ans bien alimentées, saines, génétiquement supérieures et bien conduites. More
Conventional Feed Schedule Component
Conventional Feed Schedule Component - Articles Articles

Conventional Feed Schedule Component

Virginia A. Ishler, Dan Ludwig

Feed management plan in a tie-stall dairy facility More
Pasteurisierung Mit Hitze töten Pasteurisierung Mit Hitze töten - Articles
Pasteurisierung Pasteurisierte Sperrmilch einen hohen Nährwert für Milchviehkälber. Allerdings muss der Prozess korrekt Ablaufen, da sonst die Keime nicht ausreichend reduziert werden. More
Feed Management and Delivery
Feed Management and Delivery - Articles Articles

Feed Management and Delivery

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD, Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD

A checklist to determine the relative biosecurity risk of feed management and delivery in dairy herds. More
Food Safety Modernization Act - Preventive Controls for Animal Feed Rule
Food Safety Modernization Act - Preventive Controls for Animal Feed Rule - Articles Articles

Food Safety Modernization Act - Preventive Controls for Animal Feed Rule

Ginger D Fenton, PhD, Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD, Luke LaBorde, Ph.D.

Learn the details and find educational resources on the FSMA Animal Feed Rule, including videos and training opportunities that address requirements, exemptions, and deadlines of the rule. More
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