Nutrition and Feed Management

Information and tools to assist in managing dairy cattle nutrition and feed management, including resources on forage, silage, pasture, and water needs. Tips on monitoring heifer growth and weaning strategies for heifers and calves.

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Diagnostic des Fievres de Lait et Vaches Couchees
Diagnostic des Fievres de Lait et Vaches Couchees - Articles Articles

Diagnostic des Fievres de Lait et Vaches Couchees

Virginia A. Ishler, Bruno Martin

Cet article inclut causes possibles, symptômes et situation du problème, les formes des fièvres de lait, paramètres sanguins, suggestion de maitrise, balance anion cations. More
Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) in Animal Production and Human Health
Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) in Animal Production and Human Health - Articles Articles
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) occurs naturally in ruminant milk fat and meat, but diet changes can affect the amounts. More
Conduite des Genisses Laiteres
Conduite des Genisses Laiteres - Articles Articles

Conduite des Genisses Laiteres

Jud Heinrichs, Bruno Martin

L’amélioration du troupeau laitier est possible lorsque les vaches de réforme sont remplacées par des génisses de deux ans bien alimentées, saines, génétiquement supérieures et bien conduites. More
ASABE Particle Separator
ASABE Particle Separator - Videos Videos

ASABE Particle Separator

Jud Heinrichs

In this video Dr. Jud Heinrichs demonstrates the ASABE Particle Separator, the standard method for the determination of forage particle size. More
Milk Production Records and Feeding Records for Management Control
Milk Production Records and Feeding Records for Management Control - Tools and Apps Tools and Apps
Record books and an online tool designed to help dairy producers monitor milk production and feed intakes from the herd daily. More
Crop Cents Mobile App
Crop Cents Mobile App - Tools and Apps Tools and Apps

Crop Cents Mobile App

Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler, Robert C. Goodling, Jr.

CropCents is a mobile app that calculates actual costs to produce home raised feeds for crop, dairy, and beef producers. More
Blooming multiflora rose in a pasture.
Multiflora Rose Control in Pastures - Articles Articles
The spread of multiflora rose in PA caused it to be designated as a noxious weed. Multiflora rose can be controlled but it takes considerable effort. More
Goats grazing in a forest.
Silvopasture - Articles Articles
New York State Senate recently voted to add silvopasturing, raising livestock and poultry in woodlots, to the state’s agricultural assessment program. More
Dairy Beef
Dairy-Beef Production - Articles Articles

Dairy-Beef Production

Tara L. Felix, Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., John W. Comerford

Production of high-quality dairy-beef is relatively new to the beef industry and depends almost entirely on Holstein bull calves. More
Dairy Heifers
Dairy Heifer Production - Articles Articles

Dairy Heifer Production

Jud Heinrichs, Virginia A. Ishler, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

In most herds, dairy farmers replace 25 to 30 percent of the herd each year. These replacements represent a significant financial investment. More
Cost Comparison of Various Calf Feeding Programs
Cost Comparison of Various Calf Feeding Programs - Articles Articles

Cost Comparison of Various Calf Feeding Programs

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Evaluation of costs of feeding pasteurized milk to calves compared to other systems considering current market conditions. More
Feed Management for Producers
Feed Management for Producers - Articles Articles
The Feed Management Program is a USDA NRCS program that offers incentive payments. More
Know your cows by monitoring dry matter intake
Where to start in TMR fed herds? - Articles Articles

Where to start in TMR fed herds?

Virginia A. Ishler

Monitoring dry matter intake helps to understand your cows. This is extremely important for knowing what is normal and abnormal for the operation. More
Penn State Dairy Cows
TMR Particle Size Affects Components - Articles Articles
Balanced rations for lactating dairy cows only work if ingredients are mixed properly. More
Penn State Dairy Cows
TMR Analysis - Comparing Formulated to Actual - Articles Articles
New corn silage and candy product pose challenges to ration balancing. More
The 365 Day Forage Ration
The 365 Day Forage Ration - Articles Articles

The 365 Day Forage Ration

Virginia A. Ishler

Cows perform best when they can be kept on a consistent ration and forage quality is excellent. More
Sampling and Evaluating Forages and Total Mixed Rations (TMR)
Sampling and Evaluating Forages and Total Mixed Rations (TMR) - Articles Articles
Obtaining a good representative sample of forages and total mixed rations is important for proper interpretations. More
Protein Monitoring Tools
Protein Monitoring Tools - Articles Articles

Protein Monitoring Tools

Virginia A. Ishler

This article is a supplement to the Excel spreadsheets on “Monitoring Protein and MUN for Milk Cows” and “Monitoring Protein for Dry Cows and Heifers”. More
Phosphorus Monitoring Tools
Phosphorus Monitoring Tools - Articles Articles

Phosphorus Monitoring Tools

Virginia A. Ishler

This article is a supplement to the Excel spreadsheets on “Monitoring Phosphorus for Milk Cows” and “Monitoring Phosphorus for Dry Cows and Heifers”. More
Non-lactating Animals Count Too
Non-lactating Animals Count Too - Articles Articles

Non-lactating Animals Count Too

Virginia A. Ishler

Dry cows and heifers take up on average 20 percent of the farm’s total feed costs (home raised and purchased). More
Monitoring Dairy Heifers
Monitoring Dairy Heifers - Articles Articles

Monitoring Dairy Heifers

Virginia A. Ishler

Controlling feed costs for heifers through precision feeding is important. More
Colostrometer: green = >50 mg/ml immunoglobulins (Ig)
Monitoring Colostrum - Articles Articles

Monitoring Colostrum

Virginia A. Ishler

Colostrum quality variability is the biggest bottleneck in calf management. More
Manure Sampling Instructions
Manure Sampling Instructions - Articles Articles

Manure Sampling Instructions

Virginia A. Ishler

Guidelines on how to sample manure from various animal groups to avoid contamination and have results accurately reflect the diets being fed. More
Managing Tighter Margins
Managing Tighter Margins - Articles Articles

Managing Tighter Margins

Virginia A. Ishler

Forage inventory, cropping strategies, and alternative energy sources are management areas affecting cost of production. More
Making Sense of Feed Efficiency
Making Sense of Feed Efficiency - Articles Articles
Research on FE has implications with climate change, nutrient management and economics. However, how can FE be used on the farm? More