Nutrition and Feed Management

Information and tools to assist in managing dairy cattle nutrition and feed management, including resources on forage, silage, pasture, and water needs. Tips on monitoring heifer growth and weaning strategies for heifers and calves.

216 Results

List Grid

Dairy Heifers
Dairy Heifer Production - Articles Articles

Dairy Heifer Production

Jud Heinrichs, Virginia A. Ishler, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

In most herds, dairy farmers replace 25 to 30 percent of the herd each year. These replacements represent a significant financial investment. More
Cost Comparison of Various Calf Feeding Programs
Cost Comparison of Various Calf Feeding Programs - Articles Articles

Cost Comparison of Various Calf Feeding Programs

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Evaluation of costs of feeding pasteurized milk to calves compared to other systems considering current market conditions. More
Feed Management for Producers
Feed Management for Producers - Articles Articles
The Feed Management Program is a USDA NRCS program that offers incentive payments. More
Know your cows by monitoring dry matter intake
Where to start in TMR fed herds? - Articles Articles

Where to start in TMR fed herds?

Virginia A. Ishler

Monitoring dry matter intake helps to understand your cows. This is extremely important for knowing what is normal and abnormal for the operation. More
Penn State Dairy Cows
TMR Particle Size Affects Components - Articles Articles
Balanced rations for lactating dairy cows only work if ingredients are mixed properly. More
Penn State Dairy Cows
TMR Analysis - Comparing Formulated to Actual - Articles Articles
New corn silage and candy product pose challenges to ration balancing. More
The 365 Day Forage Ration
The 365 Day Forage Ration - Articles Articles

The 365 Day Forage Ration

Virginia A. Ishler

Cows perform best when they can be kept on a consistent ration and forage quality is excellent. More
Sampling and Evaluating Forages and Total Mixed Rations (TMR)
Sampling and Evaluating Forages and Total Mixed Rations (TMR) - Articles Articles
Obtaining a good representative sample of forages and total mixed rations is important for proper interpretations. More
Protein Monitoring Tools
Protein Monitoring Tools - Articles Articles

Protein Monitoring Tools

Virginia A. Ishler

This article is a supplement to the Excel spreadsheets on “Monitoring Protein and MUN for Milk Cows” and “Monitoring Protein for Dry Cows and Heifers”. More
Phosphorus Monitoring Tools
Phosphorus Monitoring Tools - Articles Articles

Phosphorus Monitoring Tools

Virginia A. Ishler

This article is a supplement to the Excel spreadsheets on “Monitoring Phosphorus for Milk Cows” and “Monitoring Phosphorus for Dry Cows and Heifers”. More
Non-lactating Animals Count Too
Non-lactating Animals Count Too - Articles Articles

Non-lactating Animals Count Too

Virginia A. Ishler

Dry cows and heifers take up on average 20 percent of the farm’s total feed costs (home raised and purchased). More
Monitoring Dairy Heifers
Monitoring Dairy Heifers - Articles Articles

Monitoring Dairy Heifers

Virginia A. Ishler

Controlling feed costs for heifers through precision feeding is important. More
Colostrometer: green = >50 mg/ml immunoglobulins (Ig)
Monitoring Colostrum - Articles Articles

Monitoring Colostrum

Virginia A. Ishler

Colostrum quality variability is the biggest bottleneck in calf management. More
Manure Sampling Instructions
Manure Sampling Instructions - Articles Articles

Manure Sampling Instructions

Virginia A. Ishler

Guidelines on how to sample manure from various animal groups to avoid contamination and have results accurately reflect the diets being fed. More
Managing Tighter Margins
Managing Tighter Margins - Articles Articles

Managing Tighter Margins

Virginia A. Ishler

Forage inventory, cropping strategies, and alternative energy sources are management areas affecting cost of production. More
Making Sense of Feed Efficiency
Making Sense of Feed Efficiency - Articles Articles
Research on FE has implications with climate change, nutrient management and economics. However, how can FE be used on the farm? More
Penn State Dairy Cows
Key to Success - Monitoring Feed Inventory - Articles Articles
Haylage shrink of 22% keeps the Penn State Dairy on their toes but setting goals and making a plan of action keeps milk production going strong. More
Penn State Dairy Cows
Introducing Candy Meal to the Dairy Cows - Articles Articles
Unexpected commodity deliveries and corn silage transitions made October interesting for the Penn State Dairy Herd. More
Interpreting Forage Analysis Reports
Interpreting Forage Analysis Reports - Articles Articles
Forage quality plays a significant role in animal performance and profitability. More
Interpretation of Milk Urea Nitrogen (MUN) Values
Interpretation of Milk Urea Nitrogen (MUN) Values - Articles Articles
MUN is a breakdown product of protein and it can be used to monitor protein status of cows. More
Penn State Dairy Cows
Fresh Cow Pen Adjustments Show Positive Results - Articles Articles
Fresh dairy cattle sometimes need a little extra TLC. Moving cows too early can hurt milk production. More
Penn State Dairy Cows
Fiber Digestibility's Impact on Components - Articles Articles
Changes in forages result in pleasant component increases. More
Even TMRs Need Audited
Even TMRs Need Audited - Articles Articles

Even TMRs Need Audited

Virginia A. Ishler

Audit is usually associated with financials, however it applies very well to a total mixed ration (TMR). More
Acceptable body condition for dry cows (3.25-3.75)
Dry Cow Body Condition - Articles Articles

Dry Cow Body Condition

Virginia A. Ishler

Ideal body condition scores can not be achieved overnight. A good foundation in precision feeding and monitoring body scores are essential. More
Don't Skimp on Health Costs
Don't Skimp on Health Costs - Articles Articles

Don't Skimp on Health Costs

Virginia A. Ishler

Regardless of high or low profit margins the investment in health care for calves, heifers and cows should not waver. More