Nutrition and Feed Management

Information and tools to assist in managing dairy cattle nutrition and feed management, including resources on forage, silage, pasture, and water needs. Tips on monitoring heifer growth and weaning strategies for heifers and calves.

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Food Safety Modernization Act - Preventive Controls for Animal Feed Rule
Food Safety Modernization Act - Preventive Controls for Animal Feed Rule - Articles Articles

Food Safety Modernization Act - Preventive Controls for Animal Feed Rule

Ginger D Fenton, PhD, Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD, Luke LaBorde, Ph.D.

Learn the details and find educational resources on the FSMA Animal Feed Rule, including videos and training opportunities that address requirements, exemptions, and deadlines of the rule. More
Methods Used to Measure Forage and Ration Particle Size
Methods Used to Measure Forage and Ration Particle Size - Articles Articles
Particle size evaluation tools are described and demonstrated in a series of brief videos. More
Growth Monitor: Compare Heifers to Breed Standards
Growth Monitor: Compare Heifers to Breed Standards - Articles Articles

Growth Monitor: Compare Heifers to Breed Standards

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Spreadsheet tools for tracking dairy heifer growth in comparison to breed standards. More
Using the Body Condition Scoring Excel Spreadsheet Series
Using the Body Condition Scoring Excel Spreadsheet Series - Articles Articles
Instructions for the Body Condition Scoring spreadsheet series, used to evaluate body condition in cows and heifers. Spreadsheet series is designed for a scale of 1 to 5. More
Learn To Score Body Condition
Learn To Score Body Condition - Videos Videos

Learn To Score Body Condition

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

12:10

Learn to assign body condition scores for dairy cattle on a 5-point scale by evaluating specific areas of the pelvis and loin. More
Dairy Risk-Management Education: Managing Income Over Feed Costs
Dairy Risk-Management Education: Managing Income Over Feed Costs - Articles Articles
To remain profitable, producers should be monitoring and making decisions based on their herd's "income over feed costs" (IOFC). More
Do You Know Your Costs to Grow Feed?
Do You Know Your Costs to Grow Feed? - Articles Articles

Do You Know Your Costs to Grow Feed?

Robert C. Goodling, Jr.

Feed costs tend to be the largest expense on a dairy operation and managing those costs contributes to a dairy’s ability to be profitable. More
Nutrition may help prevent mastitis
Nutrition, Immunity and Mastitis - Articles Articles

Nutrition, Immunity and Mastitis

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

The role of nutrition in mastitis prevention is reviewed relative to its impact on immune response of dairy cows More
Heifer Nutrition Modifications to Reduce Manure Production
Heifer Nutrition Modifications to Reduce Manure Production - Articles Articles

Heifer Nutrition Modifications to Reduce Manure Production

Jud Heinrichs, G. I. Zanton, G. J. Lascano

Replacing forage dry matter with concentrates offers potential to improve the efficiency of heifer feeding, while maintaining similar rates of gain and reducing excretion of manure and nutrients. More
Dairy Heifer Diet Formulator - Spreadsheet
Dairy Heifer Diet Formulator - Spreadsheet - Tools and Apps Tools and Apps

Dairy Heifer Diet Formulator - Spreadsheet

Jud Heinrichs, Lucas Mitchell

Choose feeds from the library or enter the composition of feeds on your farm, then balance a diet to meet a targeted growth rate. More
Blooming multiflora rose in a pasture.
Multiflora Rose Control in Pastures - Articles Articles
The spread of multiflora rose in PA caused it to be designated as a noxious weed. Multiflora rose can be controlled but it takes considerable effort. More
Sub-Acute Rumen Acidosis and Physically Effective Fiber
Sub-Acute Rumen Acidosis and Physically Effective Fiber - Articles Articles

Sub-Acute Rumen Acidosis and Physically Effective Fiber

Jud Heinrichs, Alanna Kmicikewycz

Understanding physically effective fiber and measuring it accurately can help avoid sub-acute ruminal acidosis and its negative impacts. More
Photo credit: Shannon Wingert
Importancia y Manejo del Calostro en el Ganado de Leche - Articles Articles
La ternera nace sin inmunidad humoral adecuada y depende casi totalmente de la transferencia pasiva de inmunoglobulinas maternas presentes en el calostro. More
Tools to Assess Colostrum Management
Tools to Assess Colostrum Management - Articles Articles
We can measure how well a colostrum program is working by estimating the IgG in calves' blood. More
Precision Feeding Dairy Heifers: Strategies and Recommendations
Precision Feeding Dairy Heifers: Strategies and Recommendations - Articles Articles
Provided feed intake is restricted to allow for an optimal average daily gain, high concentrate, precision-fed rations can be fed to dairy heifers successfully. More
Effects of Calf Feeding Program on First Lactation Performance
Effects of Calf Feeding Program on First Lactation Performance - Articles Articles
A review of the effects of increased milk or milk replacer feeding on milk production. More
Composition and Hygiene of Colostrum on Modern Pennsylvania Dairy Farms
Composition and Hygiene of Colostrum on Modern Pennsylvania Dairy Farms - Articles Articles
Nutrient, immunoglobulin, and bacterial content of modern colostrum and discussion of colostrum source and volume. More
Milk Replacer Costs and Your Options
Milk Replacer Costs and Your Options - Articles Articles

Milk Replacer Costs and Your Options

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Discussion of whey protein prices, alternative proteins, cost comparisons, and considerations for feeding waste milk. More
Pasteurization of Non-Saleable Milk
Pasteurization of Non-Saleable Milk - Articles Articles

Pasteurization of Non-Saleable Milk

Jud Heinrichs, Jorge A. Elizondo Salazar, Sonia L. Gelsinger

Considerations of implementing on-farm pasteurization, discussion of waste milk quality, and evaluation of heat and UV methods. More
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Diagnostic des Troubles de L’ensilage - Articles Articles

Diagnostic des Troubles de L’ensilage

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD, Jud Heinrichs

Cet article inclut l’évaluation sensorielle e l’ensilage de maïs, la composition chimique de l’ensilage, et les caratéristiques physiques de l’ensilage. More
Dietary Minerals for Dairy Cows on Pasture
Dietary Minerals for Dairy Cows on Pasture - Articles Articles
Pastures are often deficient in several minerals compared to the NRC requirements, and most rations need to be supplemented with concentrated sources of certain minerals. More
Considerations in Managing Cutting Height of Corn Silage
Considerations in Managing Cutting Height of Corn Silage - Articles Articles
Cutting corn silage higher can increase silage quality because the lower part of the crop is poorly digestible, but this can also reduce yield. More
Photo credit: Mat Haan
Using Nutrition Models for Lactating Dairy Cows on Pasture - Articles Articles

Using Nutrition Models for Lactating Dairy Cows on Pasture

James E. Delahoy, Lawrence D. Muller

Discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of using computer models for grazing dairy cows. More
Protein in Pastures: Can It Be Too High?
Protein in Pastures: Can It Be Too High? - Articles Articles
When pasture protein is excessive, strategic feeding of rumen fermentable carbohydrates can improve nitrogen utilization and milk yield. More
Photo credit: Mat Haan
Intensive Rotational Grazing and Bovine Somatotropin - Articles Articles
Response to bST is contingent upon cows being adequately fed, whether grazing or not grazing, and bST may complement grazing and improve dairy profitability. More