Nutrition and Feed Management

Information and tools to assist in managing dairy cattle nutrition and feed management, including resources on forage, silage, pasture, and water needs. Tips on monitoring heifer growth and weaning strategies for heifers and calves.

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Partially chopped field of corn for silage
Spreadsheet to Price Standing Corn for Silage - Tools and Apps Tools and Apps

Spreadsheet to Price Standing Corn for Silage

Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

Use this spreadsheet to price your standing corn for silage. More
Figure 1. Conversion of glucose to acetate. Source: "Digestion: The Fermentative Processes"
Ionophores: A Technology to Improve Cattle Efficiency - Articles Articles
This article explains how the use of ionophores--antibiotics that shift ruminal fermentation patterns--can improve cattle production efficiency. More
TMR Mix Sheet Spreadsheet
TMR Mix Sheet Spreadsheet - Tools and Apps Tools and Apps

TMR Mix Sheet Spreadsheet

Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler

The Penn State TMR spreadsheet allows the user to create rations, mix sheets, batch size and feed costs for up to nine rations for the whole herd. More
Metabolic Profiling
Metabolic Profiling - Articles Articles
A "metabolic profile" is a series of specific analytical tests run in combination and used as a herd-based, rather than individual-based, diagnostic aid. More
Photo credit: Amber Yutzy
Nitrate Calculator Spreadsheet - Tools and Apps Tools and Apps
Automates calculation of nitrate intake from feed and water, suggests ways to limit nitrate intake, and converts expressions of nitrate concentration. More
Feed Value Calculator spreadsheet Feed Value Calculator spreadsheet - Tools and Apps
Calculates value of forages and concentrates using Petersen's constants; based on the price of corn, soybean meal, and average quality alfalfa hay. Feed values can then be compared to market prices. More
Dairy Heifer Diet Formulator - Spreadsheet
Dairy Heifer Diet Formulator - Spreadsheet - Tools and Apps Tools and Apps
Choose feeds from the library or enter the composition of feeds on your farm, then balance a diet to meet a targeted growth rate. More
Compared to testing at room temperature, warm colostrum underestimates colostrum IgG and cold colostrum overestimates IgG.
Colostrometer Adjustment Spreadsheet - Tools and Apps Tools and Apps

Colostrometer Adjustment Spreadsheet

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Adjust readings from a colostrometer to provide the value expected if colostrum was tested at 68°F. More
Photo credit: Ginger Fenton
FSMA and VFD: How Is My Dairy Farm Affected? - Articles Articles

FSMA and VFD: How Is My Dairy Farm Affected?

Ginger D Fenton, PhD, Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Enacted to further improve the safety of our food supply, these laws will impact most farms. More
Photo credit: Jill Kopfer
Economics and Effects of Accelerated Calf Growth Programs - Articles Articles
Increasing heifer growth rates, regardless of the feeding strategy, improves the odds of earlier age at calving, which can dramatically lower heifer costs. More
Feed Management and Delivery Feed Management and Delivery - Articles

Feed Management and Delivery

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD, Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD

A checklist to determine the relative biosecurity risk of feed management and delivery in dairy herds. More
Dairy Risk-Management Education: Managing Income Over Feed Costs Dairy Risk-Management Education: Managing Income Over Feed Costs - Articles
To remain profitable, producers should be monitoring and making decisions based on their herd's "income over feed costs" (IOFC). More
Toxic Weed: Milkweed
Toxic Weed: Milkweed - Articles Articles
Primary toxin, galitoxin, is found in all vegetative parts of the plant. Toxins known as cardenolides may be responsible for digitalis-like signs that cause or contribute to death. More
Using the Body Condition Scoring Excel Spreadsheet Series
Using the Body Condition Scoring Excel Spreadsheet Series - Articles Articles
Instructions for the Body Condition Scoring spreadsheet series, used to evaluate body condition in cows and heifers. Spreadsheet series is designed for a scale of 1 to 5. More
Pasteurisierung Mit Hitze töten Pasteurisierung Mit Hitze töten - Articles
Pasteurisierung Pasteurisierte Sperrmilch einen hohen Nährwert für Milchviehkälber. Allerdings muss der Prozess korrekt Ablaufen, da sonst die Keime nicht ausreichend reduziert werden. More